1 But the Lord said to Moses, “Now you shall see what I will do to Pharaoh; for with a strong hand he will send them out, and with a strong hand he will drive them out of his land.” 2 God spoke to Moses and said to him, “I am the Lord. 3 I appeared to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, as God Almighty, but by my name the Lord I did not make myself known to them. 4 I also established my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, the land in which they lived as sojourners. 5 Moreover, I have heard the groaning of the people of Israel whom the Egyptians hold as slaves, and I have remembered my covenant. 6 Say therefore to the people of Israel, ‘I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will deliver you from slavery to them, and I will redeem you with an outstretched arm and with great acts of judgment. 7 I will take you to be my people, and I will be your God, and you shall know that I am the Lord your God, who has brought you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. 8 I will bring you into the land that I swore to give to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. I will give it to you for a possession. I am the Lord.’”
-God of course has no obligation to listen to Moses’ ridiculous grumbling and accusations, but God has a plan and as He says here that He is going to honor His promise. He states everything very clearly so that there can be no confusion as to what is going on. This is not a different god or separate gods or some separate agenda by a god or gods, this is THE God and this is THE covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob about the promised land. God wants Moses to keep telling Pharaoh and the Israelites knowing they will reject so they can be disciplined into understanding that when God says He’s going to do something, He is going to do it. God doesn’t just working with individuals in their walk but is working with Israel and the whole world as a whole to steal everyone towards Him. But of course, we already have the free will to turn away and God knows what we will decide. Egypt will get what is coming to them and the Israelites will have the promise God made to them fulfilled despite how they don’t deserve it either. Just because you were slaves and your life was hard and unfair does not entitle you to great reward later. This is worldly thinking. The Israelites were rescued because this was part of God’s plan for the nation of Israel to exist everlastingly. The Israelites deserve nothing and this is part of why they were chosen. How can you visibly see a mountain on fire, a cloud guiding them, food falling from heaven, Moses face glowing after seeing God’s back…how could any of this not convince you beyond all doubt that this God and everything He is claiming is 100% real? None of us get this kind of evidence yet we believe. The difference is we ask God to come into our lives and guide us and we are given the Holy Spirit to help us. The Israelites as a whole were not given the Holy Spirit to help them, they are reacting just like any other people would, totally rejecting God. Only those individuals who consciously choose God or are given the Holy Spirit seemingly ahead of time like with David become righteous like Him. One part of the very purpose of all of this is to show that faith is not about God convincing us but of us choosing to believe in Him. No one in Egypt or Israel should have any excuse if it were simply about mankind having an understanding of God and who He is. After all, Adam and Eve knew God better than perhaps any other human being yet they still chose to turn away and to sin. What more proof could they have had in Him?
9 Moses spoke thus to the people of Israel, but they did not listen to Moses, because of their broken spirit and harsh slavery. 10 So the Lord said to Moses, 11 “Go in, tell Pharaoh king of Egypt to let the people of Israel go out of his land.” 12 But Moses said to the Lord, “Behold, the people of Israel have not listened to me. How then shall Pharaoh listen to me, for I am of uncircumcised lips?” 13 But the Lord spoke to Moses and Aaron and gave them a charge about the people of Israel and about Pharaoh king of Egypt: to bring the people of Israel out of the land of Egypt.
-God knows Pharaoh will continue to reject but again, this is all part of the plan. God wants Israel and all the world after this account is written to know just the absurdity of what God is going to accomplish. The greater the odds it looks like it won’t happen, the more glory God will receive when it does. Moses and Aaron are seeing things from their own perspective and assuming this is supposed to happen right away. God even told Moses Pharaoh will reject until a grand display changes his mind! Moses uses the term “uncircumcised” lips to say that now it seems he has proven he cannot backup what he says for he claimed their God wants them to go worship but Pharaoh was able to stop him, for now. Moses now appears like he cannot backup what he says so it seems even less likely Pharaoh will believe him but Moses is still not understanding.
The Geneology of Moses and Aaron
14 These are the heads of their fathers’ houses: the sons of Reuben, the firstborn of Israel: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi; these are the clans of Reuben. 15 The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, the son of a Canaanite woman; these are the clans of Simeon. 16 These are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations: Gershon, Kohath, and Merari, the years of the life of Levi being 137 years. 17 The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimei, by their clans. 18 The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, and Uzziel, the years of the life of Kohath being 133 years. 19 The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the clans of the Levites according to their generations. 20 Amram took as his wife Jochebed his father’s sister, and she bore him Aaron and Moses, the years of the life of Amram being 137 years. 21 The sons of Izhar: Korah, Nepheg, and Zichri. 22 The sons of Uzziel: Mishael, Elzaphan, and Sithri. 23 Aaron took as his wife Elisheba, the daughter of Amminadab and the sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. 24 The sons of Korah: Assir, Elkanah, and Abiasaph; these are the clans of the Korahites. 25 Eleazar, Aaron’s son, took as his wife one of the daughters of Putiel, and she bore him Phinehas. These are the heads of the fathers’ houses of the Levites by their clans. 26 These are the Aaron and Moses to whom the Lord said: “Bring out the people of Israel from the land of Egypt by their hosts.” 27 It was they who spoke to Pharaoh king of Egypt about bringing out the people of Israel from Egypt, this Moses and this Aaron. 28 On the day when the Lord spoke to Moses in the land of Egypt, 29 the Lord said to Moses, “I am the Lord; tell Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say to you.” 30 But Moses said to the Lord, “Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips. How will Pharaoh listen to me?”
-Despite all these names, the relevance to Aaron and Moses is that they are the great-grandsons of Levi. Levi fathered Kohath, Kohath fathered Amram, and Amram fathered Aaron and Moses. If Levi were around 50 years old when coming to Egypt then it stands to reason there has been around 200 years from the time the Hebrews first came to Egypt until the Exodus occurs. In Genesis 15:13-14, Abraham is told by God,”“Know for certain that your offspring will be sojourners in a land that is not theirs and will be servants there, and they will be afflicted for four hundred years. But I will bring judgment on the nation that they serve, and afterward they shall come out with great possessions”. This quote from God is saying that the time will be 400 years but in only four generations, it seems absolutely impossible to claim 400 years while in Egypt. If Levi was only 40 years old when coming to Egypt and each was 80 years old when having children, 40+80+80+80 would equal 280 years from the arrival until Moses leading the Israelites away. But I made up these numbers giving the most generous time I can and still can’t come up with 400. However, if we start our calculation at Abraham’s descendant, Isaac, at the time of his birth. We can easily account for 400 years if 200 of them were as slaves in Egypt. There were likely 207 years from the time Isaac was born to the time Jacob died and now we see there is a time of something around 200 years until this time of Moses. 200 years is very reasonable to assume four generations of time.