Leviticus 3: Laws for Peace Offerings

1 “If his offering is a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offers an animal from the herd, male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the Lord. 2 And he shall lay his hand on the head of his offering and kill it at the entrance of the tent of meeting, and Aaron’s sons the priests shall throw the blood against the sides of the altar. 3 And from the sacrifice of the peace offering, as a food offering to the Lord, he shall offer the fat covering the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails, 4 and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins, and the long lobe of the liver that he shall remove with the kidneys. 5 Then Aaron’s sons shall burn it on the altar on top of the burnt offering, which is on the wood on the fire; it is a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord.

-This offering is different than the burnt offering because instead of the whole animal, only the fat portions are burned. The rest is consumed by the one making the sacrifice. There is a passage in Leviticus 17:3-4 which states, “If any one of the house of Israel kills an ox or a lamb or a goat in the camp, or kills it outside the camp, and does not bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting to offer it as a gift to the Lord in front of the tabernacle of the Lord, bloodguilt shall be imputed to that man. He has shed blood, and that man shall be cut off from among his people”. This means that no Israeli could ever eat meat unless it was part of a peace offering and even then, the fat portions which were some of the tastiest were always sacrificed to the Lord. That’s quite a profound statement that not too many Christians would appear to know about Israel. God does not like killing, even an animal, but it is necessary in a sinful world. But for His people, He wished that they dedicate the best portions to them and they were allowed to eat the rest. Recall that this is the sacrifice that was done on Passover with the lamb. The fat portions were cut out and they were commanded to let none sit until morning and had to burn them. This sacrifice represents the alliance between God and His people. We have nothing except with God gives us and He has given us a gift to allow us to eat meat and provide in enough abundance that we can. The Passover lamb was not to cover sins in that instance, it was to prove that they were God’s children and so they were “passed over”. The fact that this sacrifice can be male or female as opposed to the burnt offering which must be male might symbolize that this alliance applies to both men and women. God doesn’t just look after and protect men.

6 “If his offering for a sacrifice of peace offering to the Lord is an animal from the flock, male or female, he shall offer it without blemish. 7 If he offers a lamb for his offering, then he shall offer it before the Lord, 8 lay his hand on the head of his offering, and kill it in front of the tent of meeting; and Aaron’s sons shall throw its blood against the sides of the altar. 9 Then from the sacrifice of the peace offering he shall offer as a food offering to the Lord its fat; he shall remove the whole fat tail, cut off close to the backbone, and the fat that covers the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails 10 and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins and the long lobe of the liver that he shall remove with the kidneys. 11 And the priest shall burn it on the altar as a food offering to the Lord. 12 “If his offering is a goat, then he shall offer it before the Lord 13 and lay his hand on its head and kill it in front of the tent of meeting, and the sons of Aaron shall throw its blood against the sides of the altar. 14 Then he shall offer from it, as his offering for a food offering to the Lord, the fat covering the entrails and all the fat that is on the entrails 15 and the two kidneys with the fat that is on them at the loins and the long lobe of the liver that he shall remove with the kidneys. 16 And the priest shall burn them on the altar as a food offering with a pleasing aroma. All fat is the Lord’s. 17 It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations, in all your dwelling places, that you eat neither fat nor blood.”

-One of the reasons why this system is complicated and their are different rules for what is done is to keep this from ever being routine. The fact that its hard to understand and remember all these steps means that we are always thinking about the significance. It’s very easy to get in a routine when we come to God in prayer and many Catholics simply recite the Lord’s prayer without thought and that is it. God wants us to open our hearts but reading of these rituals when coming to God has inspired me to consider some self-imposed ritual not that any of that is required of course, but because it may force me to really think about what I’m doing and not pray casually. There is no requirement to bow our heads or fold are hands or even close our eyes for that manner. We are encouraged to pray alone behind closed doors but also to pray with and for others. So there are no rules other then not to pray aloud for the purpose of gloating and pride.

Sources:)

https://bible.org/seriespage/fellowship-offering-leviticus-31-17-711-34-195-8-2229-30

http://www.learnthebible.org/sermon-outlines/the-five-major-offerings.html

http://www.biblecentre.org/topics/rkc_5_offerings.htm

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Leviticus 2: Laws for Grain Offerings

1 “When anyone brings a grain offering as an offering to the Lord, his offering shall be of fine flour. He shall pour oil on it and put frankincense on it 2 and bring it to Aaron’s sons the priests. And he shall take from it a handful of the fine flour and oil, with all of its frankincense, and the priest shall burn this as its memorial portion on the altar, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 3 But the rest of the grain offering shall be for Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the Lord’s food offerings.

-Not all offerings were sacrifices. I said last chapter that a burnt offering was a dedication but it was more like a re-dedication. The idea is that one has sinned and needs to rededicate themselves to the Lord completely (hence all the pieces being burned). Now that a person has had a death cover their sins and they are dedicated, now they can begin giving to the Lord. A grain offering is just that, giving of what you have. It is a good work. Recall in Genesis 4 when Abel gave a burnt offering of animals and Cain gave a grain offering. Cain’s offering was rejected for one because his heart was not in it but secondly because there was no shedding of blood for his sins. Cain was giving “good works” but he had to repented and made himself clean. This is the same thing as an atheist who gives to the poor. God does not merely accept good behavior and an atheist can be the world’s nicest person to ever live and it will not get him or her into heaven. This is why a grain offering is almost always done with a burnt offering and only after the burnt offering takes place. The exceptions are when a grain offering is done ceremonially like at the end of the feast of weeks. In this case, burnt offerings are done for Israel every morning and evening and once on the Sabbath which covers this requirement for the special occasions when a grain offering is made on its own. Israel is constantly being rededicated because they are constantly sinning as are we. Of course no one can ever sacrifice enough bulls even if they had an endless supply to cover all their sins in their lifetime but just like with all the imagery and design of the tabernacle and the high priest garments, it all is symbolic for who God is and His relationship with us.

4 “When you bring a grain offering baked in the oven as an offering, it shall be unleavened loaves of fine flour mixed with oil or unleavened wafers smeared with oil. 5 And if your offering is a grain offering baked on a griddle, it shall be of fine flour unleavened, mixed with oil. 6 You shall break it in pieces and pour oil on it; it is a grain offering. 7 And if your offering is a grain offering cooked in a pan, it shall be made of fine flour with oil. 8 And you shall bring the grain offering that is made of these things to the Lord, and when it is presented to the priest, he shall bring it to the altar. 9 And the priest shall take from the grain offering its memorial portion and burn this on the altar, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 10 But the rest of the grain offering shall be for Aaron and his sons; it is a most holy part of the Lord’s food offerings.

-I briefly touched on leavened and unleavened bread in the past but I will say again that this is done so that there is nothing “foreign” in the bread. It does not mean yeast is unhealthy or evil in itself. Everything is symbolic to who God is and who He wants us to be. He does not want us “contaminating” ourselves with anything other than Him. It is true that if one were to keep a “biblical diet” and follow the law in terms of only eating clean foods and never unclean foods, they would eat very healthy and have a very low risk for heart problems or infections. This was likely one of the purposes so that God’s people remain healthy and have an advantage over other nations in this regard. But in the case of leaven and unleavened, there does not appear to be a health advantage to avoiding yeast. Although it is possible there is something we have not found in science but regardless, the meaning is symbolic.

11 “No grain offering that you bring to the Lord shall be made with leaven, for you shall burn no leaven nor any honey as a food offering to the Lord. 12 As an offering of firstfruits you may bring them to the Lord, but they shall not be offered on the altar for a pleasing aroma. 13 You shall season all your grain offerings with salt. You shall not let the salt of the covenant with your God be missing from your grain offering; with all your offerings you shall offer salt.

-Why salt? The best theory seems to be that it is the opposite of leaven. Leaven “corrupts” the bread but salt preserves and purifies it.

14 “If you offer a grain offering of firstfruits to the Lord, you shall offer for the grain offering of your firstfruits fresh ears, roasted with fire, crushed new grain. 15 And you shall put oil on it and lay frankincense on it; it is a grain offering. 16 And the priest shall burn as its memorial portion some of the crushed grain and some of the oil with all of its frankincense; it is a food offering to the Lord.

-For those who don’t know, “frankincense” is a spice from the middle and near-east that has a pleasing aroma to it. The idea is that by putting frankincense on everything, you are making it pleasing to God. It tells us that God find giving of our firstfruits and of our surplus is pleasing to God. (For a non-biblical related interesting tidbit, the word “frankincense” is taken from “French incense” similar to how we might call greasy cuts of potatoes “French fries”. Now I’m really wishing we called French fries “frankinfries” which seems very appropriate considering what they sometimes look like and what they do to your stomach).

Sources:)

http://www.learnthebible.org/sermon-outlines/the-five-major-offerings.html

https://bible.org/seriespage/grain-offering-leviticus-21-16-614-18-79-10-1012-13

http://www.biblecentre.org/topics/rkc_5_offerings.htm

Leviticus 1: Laws for Burnt Offerings

1 The Lord called Moses and spoke to him from the tent of meeting, saying, 2 “Speak to the people of Israel and say to them, When any one of you brings an offering to the Lord, you shall bring your offering of livestock from the herd or from the flock. 3 “If his offering is a burnt offering from the herd, he shall offer a male without blemish. He shall bring it to the entrance of the tent of meeting, that he may be accepted before the Lord. 4 He shall lay his hand on the head of the burnt offering, and it shall be accepted for him to make atonement for him. 5 Then he shall kill the bull before the Lord, and Aaron’s sons the priests shall bring the blood and throw the blood against the sides of the altar that is at the entrance of the tent of meeting. 6 Then he shall flay the burnt offering and cut it into pieces, 7 and the sons of Aaron the priest shall put fire on the altar and arrange wood on the fire. 8 And Aaron’s sons the priests shall arrange the pieces, the head, and the fat, on the wood that is on the fire on the altar; 9 but its entrails and its legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall burn all of it on the altar, as a burnt offering, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord.

-Reading this carefully, it says the individual who is making the offering has to be the one to bring the livestock, lay his hands on it, kill it, and flay it into pieces. The priests throw the blood and arrange wood on the fire as well as the pieces on the altar. The individual washes the entrails and legs and then the priests burn it. There is a lot that an individual has to do and it really is a team effort between the man making the offering and the priests. This is very symbolic to our relationship with Christ. He will help you, but you have to humble yourself, you have to take the time and effort to pray to Him and accept His sacrifice, and you have to show Him you mean it by the way you live your life. Jesus of course handles the actual salvation alone, but you still have to do things. Forgiveness of sins is grace but it is not unconditional. We are all unconditionally loved but not unconditionally forgiven. It takes two to have a relationship and it is no different with God.

-To the sacrifice itself, a burnt offering is an offering of dedication. This is similar to us whenever we notice a pattern of sin and will “rededicate” our lives or humble ourselves and realize that we have not been as “good” as we could have been. I will not list all the times a burnt offering is necessary because we will cover them throughout Leviticus and Numbers but the general idea is it is a way of telling God you want to be close to Him. All the parts of the animal are burnt and it is described as “a food offering” to God. Obviously, God doesn’t “eat” but the idea is that symbolically we are giving all of ourselves. So whenever we have been giving some of ourselves to something else, we need to catch ourselves and realize we have to give everything to God.

10 “If his gift for a burnt offering is from the flock, from the sheep or goats, he shall bring a male without blemish, 11 and he shall kill it on the north side of the altar before the Lord, and Aaron’s sons the priests shall throw its blood against the sides of the altar. 12 And he shall cut it into pieces, with its head and its fat, and the priest shall arrange them on the wood that is on the fire on the altar, 13 but the entrails and the legs he shall wash with water. And the priest shall offer all of it and burn it on the altar; it is a burnt offering, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord. 14 “If his offering to the Lord is a burnt offering of birds, then he shall bring his offering of turtledoves or pigeons. 15 And the priest shall bring it to the altar and wring off its head and burn it on the altar. Its blood shall be drained out on the side of the altar. 16 He shall remove its crop with its contents and cast it beside the altar on the east side, in the place for ashes. 17 He shall tear it open by its wings, but shall not sever it completely. And the priest shall burn it on the altar, on the wood that is on the fire. It is a burnt offering, a food offering with a pleasing aroma to the Lord.

-Whether a bull, creature from the flock (sheep or goat), or birds (turtledove or pigeon) had to do with how poor you were. Not everyone could afford a bull and God accounts for that and does not hold against you if you cannot afford the largest sacrifice. He does however demand quality because it must always be a male without blemish. God is interested in us giving completely to him and as mentioned above, it is the whole point of the sacrifice. If a poor family can just barely afford a pigeon to sacrifice without starving, that says more to God than a rich family who sacrifices a bull every day voluntarily but still has plenty to eat. It is just like what Jesus said about the woman who gave just two small copper coins to the offering box in Mark 12:44, “For they all contributed out of their abundance, but she out of her poverty has put in everything she had, all she had to live on”.

Sources:)

http://www.learnthebible.org/sermon-outlines/the-five-major-offerings.html

https://bible.org/seriespage/2-law-burnt-offerings-leviticus-11-17

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Exodus 40: The Tabernacle Erected

1 The Lord spoke to Moses, saying, 2 “On the first day of the first month you shall erect the tabernacle of the tent of meeting. 3 And you shall put in it the ark of the testimony, and you shall screen the ark with the veil. 4 And you shall bring in the table and arrange it, and you shall bring in the lampstand and set up its lamps. 5 And you shall put the golden altar for incense before the ark of the testimony, and set up the screen for the door of the tabernacle. 6 You shall set the altar of burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting, 7 and place the basin between the tent of meeting and the altar, and put water in it. 8 And you shall set up the court all around, and hang up the screen for the gate of the court. 9 “Then you shall take the anointing oil and anoint the tabernacle and all that is in it, and consecrate it and all its furniture, so that it may become holy. 10 You shall also anoint the altar of burnt offering and all its utensils, and consecrate the altar, so that the altar may become most holy. 11 You shall also anoint the basin and its stand, and consecrate it. 12 Then you shall bring Aaron and his sons to the entrance of the tent of meeting and shall wash them with water 13 and put on Aaron the holy garments. And you shall anoint him and consecrate him, that he may serve me as priest. 14 You shall bring his sons also and put coats on them, 15 and anoint them, as you anointed their father, that they may serve me as priests. And their anointing shall admit them to a perpetual priesthood throughout their generations.”

-There sure is a lot of “you shall” in there. Moses was required to be the one to set up everything into its place and consecrate Aaron and his sons as priests. Just as well because I doubt anyone else would have been brave enough to even cross the area that would be the Holy of Holies once they learned what might happen if they entered. “Uhh….that’s OK Moses, why don’t you go ahead and do it”.

16 This Moses did; according to all that the Lord commanded him, so he did. 17 In the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, the tabernacle was erected. 18 Moses erected the tabernacle. He laid its bases, and set up its frames, and put in its poles, and raised up its pillars. 19 And he spread the tent over the tabernacle and put the covering of the tent over it, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 20 He took the testimony and put it into the ark, and put the poles on the ark and set the mercy seat above on the ark. 21 And he brought the ark into the tabernacle and set up the veil of the screen, and screened the ark of the testimony, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 22 He put the table in the tent of meeting, on the north side of the tabernacle, outside the veil, 23 and arranged the bread on it before the Lord, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 24 He put the lampstand in the tent of meeting, opposite the table on the south side of the tabernacle, 25 and set up the lamps before the Lord, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 26 He put the golden altar in the tent of meeting before the veil, 27 and burned fragrant incense on it, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 28 He put in place the screen for the door of the tabernacle. 29 And he set the altar of burnt offering at the entrance of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting, and offered on it the burnt offering and the grain offering, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 30 He set the basin between the tent of meeting and the altar, and put water in it for washing, 31 with which Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet. 32 When they went into the tent of meeting, and when they approached the altar, they washed, as the Lord commanded Moses. 33 And he erected the court around the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the screen of the gate of the court. So Moses finished the work.

-This must have been quite a day, that is at least the implication. We know at least the tabernacle portion was erected in a day from the wording in verse 17. It can be guessed that the evening of the first day (or beginning of the second day) of Nisan was the first time the lamp was lit.
The Glory of the Lord
34 Then the cloud covered the tent of meeting, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. 35 And Moses was not able to enter the tent of meeting because the cloud settled on it, and the glory of the Lord filled the tabernacle. 36 Throughout all their journeys, whenever the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the people of Israel would set out. 37 But if the cloud was not taken up, then they did not set out till the day that it was taken up. 38 For the cloud of the Lord was on the tabernacle by day, and fire was in it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel throughout all their journeys.

-God had them build a dwelling place and boy did He ever dwell! It must have been a help to have a visual reminder that their God was always with them and to have such a simple communication system. God was willing to accomodate this stiff-necked people by grace alone though they all deserved to be wiped out as God had said to Moses. http://thecripplegate.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/12/Tabernacle-Glory.jpg

Exodus 39: Making the Priestly Garments

1 From the blue and purple and scarlet yarns they made finely woven garments, for ministering in the Holy Place. They made the holy garments for Aaron, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 2 He made the ephod of gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen. 3 And they hammered out gold leaf, and he cut it into threads to work into the blue and purple and the scarlet yarns, and into the fine twined linen, in skilled design. 4 They made for the ephod attaching shoulder pieces, joined to it at its two edges. 5 And the skillfully woven band on it was of one piece with it and made like it, of gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 6 They made the onyx stones, enclosed in settings of gold filigree, and engraved like the engravings of a signet, according to the names of the sons of Israel. 7 And he set them on the shoulder pieces of the ephod to be stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 8 He made the breastpiece, in skilled work, in the style of the ephod, of gold, blue and purple and scarlet yarns, and fine twined linen. 9 It was square. They made the breastpiece doubled, a span its length and a span its breadth when doubled. 10 And they set in it four rows of stones. A row of sardius, topaz, and carbuncle was the first row; 11 and the second row, an emerald, a sapphire, and a diamond; 12 and the third row, a jacinth, an agate, and an amethyst; 13 and the fourth row, a beryl, an onyx, and a jasper. They were enclosed in settings of gold filigree. 14 There were twelve stones with their names according to the names of the sons of Israel. They were like signets, each engraved with its name, for the twelve tribes. 15 And they made on the breastpiece twisted chains like cords, of pure gold. 16 And they made two settings of gold filigree and two gold rings, and put the two rings on the two edges of the breastpiece. 17 And they put the two cords of gold in the two rings at the edges of the breastpiece. 18 They attached the two ends of the two cords to the two settings of filigree. Thus they attached it in front to the shoulder pieces of the ephod. 19 Then they made two rings of gold, and put them at the two ends of the breastpiece, on its inside edge next to the ephod. 20 And they made two rings of gold, and attached them in front to the lower part of the two shoulder pieces of the ephod, at its seam above the skillfully woven band of the ephod. 21 And they bound the breastpiece by its rings to the rings of the ephod with a lace of blue, so that it should lie on the skillfully woven band of the ephod, and that the breastpiece should not come loose from the ephod, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 22 He also made the robe of the ephod woven all of blue, 23 and the opening of the robe in it was like the opening in a garment, with a binding around the opening, so that it might not tear. 24 On the hem of the robe they made pomegranates of blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen. 25 They also made bells of pure gold, and put the bells between the pomegranates all around the hem of the robe, between the pomegranates—26 a bell and a pomegranate, a bell and a pomegranate around the hem of the robe for ministering, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 27 They also made the coats, woven of fine linen, for Aaron and his sons, 28 and the turban of fine linen, and the caps of fine linen, and the linen undergarments of fine twined linen, 29 and the sash of fine twined linen and of blue and purple and scarlet yarns, embroidered with needlework, as the Lord had commanded Moses. 30 They made the plate of the holy crown of pure gold, and wrote on it an inscription, like the engraving of a signet, “Holy to the Lord.” 31 And they tied to it a cord of blue to fasten it on the turban above, as the Lord had commanded Moses.

-With the exception of Jesus and maybe David with the Psalms, no other men in the bible has more accomplishments written about them than Bezalel and Oholiab. They made everything, perfectly. Only through the power of the Holy Spirit.

32 Thus all the work of the tabernacle of the tent of meeting was finished, and the people of Israel did according to all that the Lord had commanded Moses; so they did. 33 Then they brought the tabernacle to Moses, the tent and all its utensils, its hooks, its frames, its bars, its pillars, and its bases; 34 the covering of tanned rams’ skins and goatskins, and the veil of the screen; 35 the ark of the testimony with its poles and the mercy seat; 36 the table with all its utensils, and the bread of the Presence; 37 the lampstand of pure gold and its lamps with the lamps set and all its utensils, and the oil for the light; 38 the golden altar, the anointing oil and the fragrant incense, and the screen for the entrance of the tent; 39 the bronze altar, and its grating of bronze, its poles, and all its utensils; the basin and its stand; 40 the hangings of the court, its pillars, and its bases, and the screen for the gate of the court, its cords, and its pegs; and all the utensils for the service of the tabernacle, for the tent of meeting; 41 the finely worked garments for ministering in the Holy Place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons for their service as priests. 42 According to all that the Lord had commanded Moses, so the people of Israel had done all the work. 43 And Moses saw all the work, and behold, they had done it; as the Lord had commanded, so had they done it. Then Moses blessed them.

-We aren’t given an exact timetable but one would have to imagine it took a long time to melt down all the materials and craft everything especially with only two main experts who could do everything. One clue we get for how long this took is next chapter in Exodus 40:17 where the tabernacle is erected in the first month of the second year. We can account for 47 days and 40 days from the time Moses was up on mount Sinai so its possible it may have taken somewhere around 6-8 months to construct everything.

Exodus 38: Making the Altar of Burnt Offering

1 He made the altar of burnt offering of acacia wood. Five cubits was its length, and five cubits its breadth. It was square, and three cubits was its height. 2 He made horns for it on its four corners. Its horns were of one piece with it, and he overlaid it with bronze. 3 And he made all the utensils of the altar, the pots, the shovels, the basins, the forks, and the fire pans. He made all its utensils of bronze. 4 And he made for the altar a grating, a network of bronze, under its ledge, extending halfway down. 5 He cast four rings on the four corners of the bronze grating as holders for the poles. 6 He made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with bronze. 7 And he put the poles through the rings on the sides of the altar to carry it with them. He made it hollow, with boards.

Making the Bronze Basin

8 He made the basin of bronze and its stand of bronze, from the mirrors of the ministering women who ministered in the entrance of the tent of meeting.

Making the Court

9 And he made the court. For the south side the hangings of the court were of fine twined linen, a hundred cubits; 10 their twenty pillars and their twenty bases were of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver. 11 And for the north side there were hangings of a hundred cubits, their twenty pillars, their twenty bases were of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver. 12 And for the west side were hangings of fifty cubits, their ten pillars, and their ten bases; the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver. 13 And for the front to the east, fifty cubits. 14 The hangings for one side of the gate were fifteen cubits, with their three pillars and three bases. 15 And so for the other side. On both sides of the gate of the court were hangings of fifteen cubits, with their three pillars and their three bases. 16 All the hangings around the court were of fine twined linen. 17 And the bases for the pillars were of bronze, but the hooks of the pillars and their fillets were of silver. The overlaying of their capitals was also of silver, and all the pillars of the court were filleted with silver. 18 And the screen for the gate of the court was embroidered with needlework in blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen. It was twenty cubits long and five cubits high in its breadth, corresponding to the hangings of the court. 19 And their pillars were four in number. Their four bases were of bronze, their hooks of silver, and the overlaying of their capitals and their fillets of silver. 20 And all the pegs for the tabernacle and for the court all around were of bronze.

Materials for the Tabernacle

21 These are the records of the tabernacle, the tabernacle of the testimony, as they were recorded at the commandment of Moses, the responsibility of the Levites under the direction of Ithamar the son of Aaron the priest.

-So it seems under the commandment of Moses, this process of building and who built it was recorded and kept by the Levites under Aaron’s son.

22 Bezalel the son of Uri, son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, made all that the Lord commanded Moses; 23 and with him was Oholiab the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, an engraver and designer and embroiderer in blue and purple and scarlet yarns and fine twined linen.

-Who says men cannot sew? Yet it seems Oholiab was possibly the greatest engraver, designer, and embroiderer who ever lived!

24 All the gold that was used for the work, in all the construction of the sanctuary, the gold from the offering, was twenty-nine talents and 730 shekels, by the shekel of the sanctuary. 25 The silver from those of the congregation who were recorded was a hundred talents and 1,775 shekels, by the shekel of the sanctuary: 26 a beka a head (that is, half a shekel, by the shekel of the sanctuary), for everyone who was listed in the records, from twenty years old and upward, for 603,550 men.

-1 talent is equal to 3000 shekels. So in terms of gold, there were 87,730 shekels worth. If a shekel is about 9.56 grams then in today’s value, all the Israelite’s gold would have been worth $32,373,773.68 !!!! In terms of silver, there were 301,775 shekels and at today’s market it would be worth $1,504,828.68. 301,775 is exactly half of 603,550 so the contribution was received perfectly from every able bodied man. All the good was offering.

27 The hundred talents of silver were for casting the bases of the sanctuary and the bases of the veil; a hundred bases for the hundred talents, a talent a base. 28 And of the 1,775 shekels he made hooks for the pillars and overlaid their capitals and made fillets for them. 29 The bronze that was offered was seventy talents and 2,400 shekels; 30 with it he made the bases for the entrance of the tent of meeting, the bronze altar and the bronze grating for it and all the utensils of the altar, 31 the bases around the court, and the bases of the gate of the court, all the pegs of the tabernacle, and all the pegs around the court.

-The amount of bronze used was a total of 212,400 and at today’s market value that would be worth $11,888.46 if it were pure copper. Bronze is an alloy consisting mostly of copper. Altogether, the dollar value today of just the gold, silver, and bronze of what they built would be worth $33.89m.

Exodus 37: Making the Ark

1 Bezalel made the ark of acacia wood. Two cubits and a half was its length, a cubit and a half its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height. 2 And he overlaid it with pure gold inside and outside, and made a molding of gold around it. 3 And he cast for it four rings of gold for its four feet, two rings on its one side and two rings on its other side. 4 And he made poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold 5 and put the poles into the rings on the sides of the ark to carry the ark. 6 And he made a mercy seat of pure gold. Two cubits and a half was its length, and a cubit and a half its breadth. 7 And he made two cherubim of gold. He made them of hammered work on the two ends of the mercy seat, 8 one cherub on the one end, and one cherub on the other end. Of one piece with the mercy seat he made the cherubim on its two ends. 9 The cherubim spread out their wings above, overshadowing the mercy seat with their wings, with their faces one to another; toward the mercy seat were the faces of the cherubim.

-What an extraordinary sight this must have been once completed to see the Ark of the Covenant! Here’s how it was depicted in Indiana Jones which seems accurate to the description: https://amazinggreycity.files.wordpress.com/2014/03/ark-of-the-covenant.jpg
Making the Table
10 He also made the table of acacia wood. Two cubits was its length, a cubit its breadth, and a cubit and a half its height. 11 And he overlaid it with pure gold, and made a molding of gold around it. 12 And he made a rim around it a handbreadth wide, and made a molding of gold around the rim. 13 He cast for it four rings of gold and fastened the rings to the four corners at its four legs. 14 Close to the frame were the rings, as holders for the poles to carry the table. 15 He made the poles of acacia wood to carry the table, and overlaid them with gold. 16 And he made the vessels of pure gold that were to be on the table, its plates and dishes for incense, and its bowls and flagons with which to pour drink offerings.
Making the Lampstand
17 He also made the lampstand of pure gold. He made the lampstand of hammered work. Its base, its stem, its cups, its calyxes, and its flowers were of one piece with it. 18 And there were six branches going out of its sides, three branches of the lampstand out of one side of it and three branches of the lampstand out of the other side of it; 19 three cups made like almond blossoms, each with calyx and flower, on one branch, and three cups made like almond blossoms, each with calyx and flower, on the other branch—so for the six branches going out of the lampstand. 20 And on the lampstand itself were four cups made like almond blossoms, with their calyxes and flowers, 21 and a calyx of one piece with it under each pair of the six branches going out of it. 22 Their calyxes and their branches were of one piece with it. The whole of it was a single piece of hammered work of pure gold. 23 And he made its seven lamps and its tongs and its trays of pure gold. 24 He made it and all its utensils out of a talent of pure gold.
Making the Altar of Incense
25 He made the altar of incense of acacia wood. Its length was a cubit, and its breadth was a cubit. It was square, and two cubits was its height. Its horns were of one piece with it. 26 He overlaid it with pure gold, its top and around its sides and its horns. And he made a molding of gold around it, 27 and made two rings of gold on it under its molding, on two opposite sides of it, as holders for the poles with which to carry it. 28 And he made the poles of acacia wood and overlaid them with gold. 29 He made the holy anointing oil also, and the pure fragrant incense, blended as by the perfumer.

-This Bazelel guy does not get enough credit. Chances are in a bible trivia challenge, you would not be able to name the person who built the Ark of the Covenant! What an honor this must be. The Ark of the Covenant exists eternally. Bazelel got to build something that would exist eternally! He built or at least was the lead builder of everything that existed in the tabernacle including the Holy of Holies.