Genesis 7: Noah and the Flood

1 Then the Lord said to Noah, “Go into the ark, you and all your household, for I have seen that you are righteous before me in this generation. 2 Take with you seven pairs of all clean animals, the male and his mate, and a pair of the animals that are not clean, the male and his mate, 3 and seven pairs of the birds of the heavens also, male and female, to keep their offspring alive on the face of all the earth.

-Though clearly stated, it’s often missed that Noah took seven pairs (14) of every clean animal and only 1 pair (2) of every unclean animal. Keep in mind that 7 seems to be God’s number throughout scripture. When the Israelites are rescued out of Egypt and Moses gives the people the law they are told all about clean and unclean animals and it becomes a part of the natural law in Israel. What makes a clean animal? It would be very lengthy to get into here so more will be said when we get to Leviticus and Deuteronomy. In short, scientists today have found that animals considered “clean” are in fact very sanitary and safe to eat where as animals considered “unclean” are more likely to have diseases. Moreover, there is a metaphorical aspect to clean and unclean animals as well. Throughout scripture, we are given the example of a sheep as a desired follower of God. Sheep go wherever the shepherd leads and are very loyal. They do nothing without the shepherd guiding them, literally. They have no independence and will even remain still even while a predator is eating a sheep right next to it. This is the type of obedience God commands of us towards Him. Many animals seem to be created in a way like this to teach us how we should be and how we should behave. Animals with split hooves are considered clean and are careful signifying that we should tread lightly and think about every step we take. There are several reasons why God might have told Noah to take seven pairs of clean animals. God was not only saving Noah’s family but revealing to him what animals he can eat to stay healthy and preserve his life and the life of his family. God was interested in repopulating the human race and it wouldn’t have done much good if Noah’s descendants all died from some disease. Noah was commanded also to take “every kind of food” and by every that would include meat. So the quantity of these clean animals must have been enough to provide safe meat during the voyage as well. Having these also provided Noah with the means to send birds out to check for dry land and to make a sacrifice once the ordeal was over. Even after eating and sacrificing what they needed, there still would have been extra clean animals improving the rate of reproduction so that his descendants can start raising herds of clean animals in their new life.

4 For in seven days I will send rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and every living thing that I have made I will blot out from the face of the ground.” 5 And Noah did all that the Lord had commanded him.

-Verse 5 says Noah did everything. Many answer the criticism of how Noah was able to find every kind of animal and they say that God brought the animals to him. It doesn’t say God did this. In fact, it shows God’s specific instructions as to what Noah needs to do. Then it says that Noah did it. We aren’t told exactly but from Genesis 6:3, it may be that Noah was warned 120 years in advance of the flood occurring which would have given him ample time to find these animals and even raise and breed these animals so that a young male and female of each type was available when it came time to enter the ark. Noah may have been the world’s first zoo keeper and may have been finding and raising animals for over a hundred years to get everything right. If God was going to bring every animal and everything needed to Noah then why the advance warning, why wait? God could have told him when he’d only have enough time to build the ark. Why would Noah have to build the ark in the first place if God was going to do everything? God is in complete control and has complete sovereignty yet He does command us to do things and we are expected to do them. God could force anyone to do anything if He chose yet instead allows us the option to follow Him or face the consequences. I won’t start a Calvinism vs Armenianism debate here but we can definitely say for sure that being a follower of God requires faith but also obedience. Noah had faith and was given these tasks with the expectation he would obey and he did.

6 Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came upon the earth. 7 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him went into the ark to escape the waters of the flood. 8 Of clean animals, and of animals that are not clean, and of birds, and of everything that creeps on the ground, 9 two and two, male and female, went into the ark with Noah, as God had commanded Noah.

-Even though Noah is said to be the only one righteous, God allows Noah to take his wife and son’s and their wives with him. Obviously Noah would need at least his own wife to repopulate the Earth but why were his sons necessary given that they were worldly too like all those God was eliminating. We see here the importance of family and the father in the family unit. The father is the leader of his family and has authority over everyone else. God didn’t just judge Noah as righteous but included his whole family as being part of him even if they individually did not meet the same criteria. The same is said for kings and leaders of nations. God is a God of order and structure and works within His own established structure of what He has created when He interacts with us. That does not mean that within a married couple only the husband can receive communication from God since he’s the head of the family because the contrary happens often including in scripture. While the family does have a structure as the father being the head, we also each have our own individual soul and relationship with God. So it depends on what is relevant in each situation. In this situation, God communicating only with Noah was an individual-based decision but saving his whole family was based on family structure. Mankind was not meant to be alone so how could God save only Noah or even only Noah and his wife and leave his sons to die? The family reflects the Trinity of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The husband has the authoritative Father role, the wife has the submissive Son role, and the sons have the obedient Holy Spirit role. God could no more split his family in this way then He could split Himself. Granted, when Lot and his family were escaping Sodom, Lot’s wife looked back and died so Lot’s wife did not survive. The difference in this case is his wife was already being saved but she chose defiance and went outside God’s family structure by not obeying her husband when she looked back. This would be the same as if one of Noah’s sons decided to jump out of the ark and take his chances during the flood. God did not fail, that person chose to be a fool.

10 And after seven days the waters of the flood came upon the earth. 11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened. 12 And rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

-According to the account, everyone went in the ark AND THEN seven days later the water came. They were inside seven days for nothing. Not for nothing of course because again, seven is God’s number. It always signifies God’s work. It took seven days as proof it was from God. It even happened on the seventh day of the month. This is His calling card, so to speak. His seal. This section also says that the fountains of the deep forth which means not only did it rain but water came up from the ground as well. Also, the “windows of the heavens” probably isn’t just a poetic way of saying that it started raining. Given the theory about the layer of water in the sky protecting the atmosphere and prolonging life, the “window” seems to be describing this layer following down to earth where as it had been held by a window before.

13 On the very same day Noah and his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them entered the ark, 14 they and every beast, according to its kind, and all the livestock according to their kinds, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, according to its kind, and every bird, according to its kind, every winged creature. 15 They went into the ark with Noah, two and two of all flesh in which there was the breath of life. 16 And those that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded him. And the Lord shut him in.

-This information has been repeated again and again it seems to be God saying it anew to make sure that we understand it. In this case, we need to understand that yes, every single type of animal was on the ark. Yes, really. It’s as if God anticipated resistance to the believability of this story.

17 The flood continued forty days on the earth. The waters increased and bore up the ark, and it rose high above the earth. 18 The waters prevailed and increased greatly on the earth, and the ark floated on the face of the waters. 19 And the waters prevailed so mightily on the earth that all the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered. 20 The waters prevailed above the mountains, covering them fifteen cubits deep. 21 And all flesh died that moved on the earth, birds, livestock, beasts, all swarming creatures that swarm on the earth, and all mankind.

-This description is included most likely to make sure we understood that nothing survived, nothing. So nothing, certainly no “Nephilum”, whatever they were exactly, could have survived either. Everything being destroyed means everything was destroyed and there was no life. According to this description, if Mt. Everest was the same height now as it was then, then the water would have gotten 29,028 feet plus 15 cubits above current sea level. That is a lot of water but if there was that much and it didn’t all return to the atmosphere, where did it all go? The answer might be found in Psalm 104:5-8, “He set the earth on its foundations, so that it should never be moved. You covered it with the deep as with a garment; the waters stood above the mountains. At your rebuke they fled; at the sound of your thunder they took to flight. The mountains rose, the valleys sank down to the place that you appointed for them. You set a boundary that they may not pass, so that they might not again cover the earth.” This passage refers to the flood and mentions mountains rising and valleys sinking. This would suggest the earth was more “flat” before the flood and deep valleys were created that made the oceans into what we have today. It’s possible we may not have had oceans pre-flood like we do today. Plus, such massive weight probably would have caused tectonic disturbances that would have raised mountains up. So that is where the overwhelming majority of the water went, down valleys that are our modern day ocean floor possibly created by earthquakes that also caused mountains to raise. In the next chapter, it says God sent a mighty wind to abate the waters so he must have got the ball rolling.

22 Everything on the dry land in whose nostrils was the breath of life died. 23 He blotted out every living thing that was on the face of the ground, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens. They were blotted out from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those who were with him in the ark. 24 And the waters prevailed on the earth 150 days.

-The description “in whose nostrils was the breath of life” again proves the point last chapter about God’s “spirit” not abiding man any longer referring to simply life God has already given. According to this, after the rained stopped, there was a whole 150 days or a whopping 5 months before the waters subsided enough to leave the ark. Having done the preparation and waiting possibly over a hundred years and then having to wait half a year through this whole ordeal…Noah is the king of patience and a much greater man than me!

Spanish words:
conservar = to keep, maintain, preserve
faz = face, vosage, face of a coin
diluvio = flood
suceder = to happen, succeed
lluvia = rain
silvestre = wild
superficie = surface
aliento = breath
prevalecer = to prevail, prevail over


Genesis 2: The Seventh Day, God Rests

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

-“all the host of them” everything that exists in the sky and in space was created at this time. Obviously, stars have burnt out, supernovas, comets, who knows what has happened but everything was set in motion and put in its place here.

2 And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.

-A simple logical question is, If God is…well…God, why does He need to rest? Was He tired? How can God get tired? God is doing this for our benefit. Long before the establishment of the Sabbath rest, God is showing us in creation that all living things have been created for a need of rest. We are given a model for a week, six days of work, one day of rest. Like I said last chapter, this is a model for the way things were intended upon creation and the way they will be in the new Earth. Sin corrupted the original model to the point that it is very hard and even impossible for many to follow this model of 6 days on and 1 day off. Here in Mexico, families would not survive if the men and sometimes the whole household did not do something all 7 days without rest. Like the ocean existing and eating meat, it is not a sin to not follow this pattern, but this exists as a result of sin.

3 So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation.

-the word translated as “holy” in Hebrew is the word “qadosh” which means “to be set apart for a special purpose”. God set the seventh day apart for a special purpose and to dismiss the idea of the Sabbath because we are not bound by the law as Israel or because we go to church on Sunday now instead of the seventh day of Saturday is foolish. God created things this way. Have you ever tried working weeks straight at a time? I have and I learned first-hand that we are not created to do this and doing so causes serious physical and mental health issues. The sabbath day and when to go to church should not be confused. There is no specific day given to when we should gather for Church, the early Christians started meeting on Sunday because the Jews continued to hold Sabbath services on Saturdays. It’s simply tradition. We do not need to switch our church days to Saturdays, its unnecessary. We should be gathering as much as possible anyway, not simply once a week.
The Creation of Man and Woman
4 These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.

-The word “generations” here means “history” not multiple generations. This word is used this way throughout the bible describing histories so we are not seeing a passing of generations, just 7 days. The word “day” in the second sentence simply means “age” or “the time” not one day.

5 When no bush of the field was yet in the land and no small plant of the field had yet sprung up—for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the land, and there was no man to work the ground, 6 and a mist was going up from the land and was watering the whole face of the ground—

-This is something I missed dozens of times over the course of my life, you just sort of skim right past it. These two verses are saying rain did not exist yet. It did not rain. Plants were watered by mist coming up from the ground. We also see the plants were intended to be cared for by man. They were not designed to trim and plant themselves, this is part of our job of subduing the Earth. If we don’t do it plants grow wild or do not grow at all.

7 then the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature.

-Why is it so important to point out that man became a living creature when at this point every other living creature was already made? There is a difference here, no other creation was given “the breath of life”. What this means is God did something in our creation different from everything else in creation, He gave us a soul. We are the only Earthly beings with eternal spirits and that is what the breath of life means. This is part of how we are in the image of God, we are Spiritual beings and not just physical like the rest of creation. This is what gives us the ability to be regents of the Earth. Other times the breath of life is mentioned is when Jesus breathed on His disciples and they received gifts of the Holy Spirit and also in reference to the scripture as being God breathed. Remember what I said last chapter about the voice of God being creation? God’s breath created something else AFTER we were already formed out of dust.

8 And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed.

-In the East means East of where the Hebrews were in the wilderness. We will see where in a few verses.

9 And out of the ground the Lord God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

-There is no reason in the world not to think of these two trees as literal trees with some kind of literal fruit that can be consumed. Nothing is suggested as poetic and the Hebrew words for “tree” and for “good” are the same used everywhere else. Not only this, but we know the tree of life still exists and the nations will eat of it for healing during the millennium. It is located in “the midst” of God’s paradise and has 12 kinds of fruit, one for each month.

10 A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers.

-This gives us some geography to prove that Eden was a real physical place on Earth and not only that, it was located at a higher elevation so a river can flow down from it.

11 The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

-Experts believe this is located in modern day Saudi Arabia at the Hijaz mountains. There is a dried up area where there used to be a river called the Kuwait River.

12 And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there.

-There really is gold in that land even today! There is a mine site there called “”Mahd edh-Dhahab”(cradle of Gold) that produces 5 tons of gold per year!

13 The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush.

-the land of “Kush” is located in modern day Sudan just south of Egypt.

14 And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

-These rivers still exist today and flow through Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. Given these descriptions and the language of this account, Eden must have been a very large place like a country encompassing parts of modern day Saudi Arabia, Israel, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Iran and others. The garden of Eden was simply “within” Eden somewhere and the waters that flowed down to make these four great rivers also flowed in the garden, wherever it was.

15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it.

-Man was created to work. There are many who think heaven is simply us floating in the clouds and playing harps for all eternity. This will not be so. We will be doing tasks and working throughout time which to many probably sounds more like hell but as we see in the next chapter, the ground was cursed and work was made burdensome and painful. Work use to be pleasant. Don’t you ever feel proud of a job well done? Doesn’t it often seem better to keep yourself busy at times? Have you heard of people in relatively good health who retire and then end up passing away in a short amount of time? We were created to work but the curse will be removed in the new Earth so work will be enjoyable and fulfilling.

16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

-The first thing to point out here is the Lord “commanded”. He did not say, you have a choice, He said “Don’t do this!”. It is interesting that the man was not commanded to not eat from the tree of life which implies he was free to eat from it. We find out later that neither Adam or Eve did because it was kept from them. Also, this is the tree “of the knowledge” of good and evil and so it did not contain poison. Everything God created was good, including this tree. The knowledge itself is not evil, its what we do with it that can be.

18 Then the Lord God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.”

-It has already been established last chapter that man and woman are equal before God and are equally made in the image of God. At the same time, man was created first and woman was created as a helper. It’s very clear here that this is the purpose. Woman was created “for” man, not vise versa and not equal in the sense of authority and role. Before sin, we also see God saying that something is “not good”. That is not the same as evil or sinful, just that it lacked a goodness about it. Being alone is not good. The very nature of God in three persons means that no one person is ever alone: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. In the marriage relationship, men and women get to be together in a sense symbolic of God the Father and God the Son being united as one yet still different persons. Paul reveals to us in Ephesians that the husband role in marriage reflects God the Father’s role and the wife role reflects God the Son’s role. We would never say, with proper understand, that Jesus is “less” than God. Jesus is equal to God. In that same sense, woman is equal to man only she has a role to play of submissiveness to a man’s leadership. This to, due to the corruption of sin, is impossible to carry out all the time but this was the original created purpose. It’s important to keep in mind that being submissive is not the same thing as being lesser. Jesus’ submissive to the father’s will is what all Christians should strive towards. Submissiveness is the feminine form of love while sacrifice is the masculine form of love. God sent His son to sacrifice for us on the cross to pay for our sins which was the masculine act of love. Jesus carried out that will in perfect obedience which is the feminine for of love.

19 Now out of the ground the Lord God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name.

-Here we our seeing our new role as Regents of Earth in practice. Giving something a name means power and Adam is exercising His given power to name animals which was granted by God. Previously, only God had named things which also shows we are reflecting His image by doing something that He does. God created time and named “day” and “night” being that this is His domain. But the animals are ours.

20 The man gave names to all livestock and to the birds of the heavens and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him.

-We see that part of the reason God brought the animals before Him wasn’t just to name them but to teach Him something. He was trying to make Adam understand that he was missing something. Something was incomplete, and “not good”. God didn’t simply create Eve but he prepared Adam for her. He molded him into the man He wanted him to be and gave him his start and his purpose in life before bringing her before him. Adam had to know who he was before he can know how to lead another. I think this is 100% true today. I have seen it in my own experience that I have not been given my Eve and have had some bizarre, unexplainable instances surrounding women I have been interested in and things not working out to where it seems as if God has put up a wall and stopped me from proceeding further with anyone. The reason is that I am still learning who I am, what my created purpose is, what my future will be, where it will be, and until I know and see what He wants me to see, He will not send my Eve to me. Take heed single Christian men! You want to find her now? Then listen to God and what He’s trying to show you!

21 So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh.

-Why a rib? The Hebrew word used here is the word “tselo” which is actually translated as “side” elsewhere in the bible. A rib comes from the side meaning that a woman belongs at a man’s side, not in front or behind, not on top or below, but an equal, side-by-side. Once again, men and women are equal in value and worth, despite the differences in designed roles. Given the word meaning, this could be translated as God taking a part of Adam’s side, not necessarily just a rib.

22 And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man.

-I love the imagery of God, the Father, escorting His daughter down the aisle towards Adam and presenting her to him. I’d like to think that’s how it happened.

23 Then the man said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman because she was taken out of Man.”

-There are four words in Hebrew that mean translate to “man” in English. The one’s given here are “ish” for man and “ishshah” for woman. “ishshah” literally means “man with a womb”. So again, the same thing as a man, but different role.

24 Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

-And that’s where marriage comes from. Again this is the created purpose of marriage but the corruption of sin makes this not possible in today’s society. I can’t imagine a woman not going on her own and making a life for herself before marriage nor can I imagine a man waiting to leave home until he has met the right woman to establish his own household. If anything, the opposite seems to be true. Women seem to wait for a man to be well established before she would consider marriage seriously for the sake of security. This is not wrong or sinful, just not the way things were created to be before sin. We live in a broken world.

25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.

-Seeing as there is no sin and therefore nothing to be ashamed of, it makes sense that there was no need to cover nakedness. Today I can’t imagine being naked alone with literally “the most beautiful woman in the world” and not at the very least having my mind filled with intense lust and desire. But this is the effects of sin. Lust is a desire for something that we want. We want to feel good so badly that we will do anything to get that feeling. Without sin, without pride, we would not have a problem controlling ourselves in such a situation, the thought would not even occur. Selfishness causes us to lust to the point that we must be clothed to hide our shame of desiring the flesh for personal pleasure as well as our desire to be wanted by others by how good we look naked. We operate based on how desirable we look towards others and we can never look good enough. Without sin, there is no need for any of this. In the new Earth, we will be genderless like the angels and there will not be reproduction which makes me wonder if there will not be clothing in the new earth either. There wouldn’t be anything to cover up nor would there be a reason to.
Spanish words:

acabar = to finish, end
reposar = to rest
campo = field, countryside, campground
regar = to water, scatter, sprinkle, act rashly
polvo = dust
huerto = orchard, garden
brazo = arm
mandar = to command, mandate, order
idónea = suitable, genuine
profundo = deep, intense, profound
costilla = rib
hueso = bone
Por tanto = therefore
unir = to join, unite
avergonzar = to embarrass, shame, be ashamed