Genesis 7: Noah and the Flood

1 Then the Lord said to Noah, “Go into the ark, you and all your household, for I have seen that you are righteous before me in this generation. 2 Take with you seven pairs of all clean animals, the male and his mate, and a pair of the animals that are not clean, the male and his mate, 3 and seven pairs of the birds of the heavens also, male and female, to keep their offspring alive on the face of all the earth.

-Though clearly stated, it’s often missed that Noah took seven pairs (14) of every clean animal and only 1 pair (2) of every unclean animal. Keep in mind that 7 seems to be God’s number throughout scripture. When the Israelites are rescued out of Egypt and Moses gives the people the law they are told all about clean and unclean animals and it becomes a part of the natural law in Israel. What makes a clean animal? It would be very lengthy to get into here so more will be said when we get to Leviticus and Deuteronomy. In short, scientists today have found that animals considered “clean” are in fact very sanitary and safe to eat where as animals considered “unclean” are more likely to have diseases. Moreover, there is a metaphorical aspect to clean and unclean animals as well. Throughout scripture, we are given the example of a sheep as a desired follower of God. Sheep go wherever the shepherd leads and are very loyal. They do nothing without the shepherd guiding them, literally. They have no independence and will even remain still even while a predator is eating a sheep right next to it. This is the type of obedience God commands of us towards Him. Many animals seem to be created in a way like this to teach us how we should be and how we should behave. Animals with split hooves are considered clean and are careful signifying that we should tread lightly and think about every step we take. There are several reasons why God might have told Noah to take seven pairs of clean animals. God was not only saving Noah’s family but revealing to him what animals he can eat to stay healthy and preserve his life and the life of his family. God was interested in repopulating the human race and it wouldn’t have done much good if Noah’s descendants all died from some disease. Noah was commanded also to take “every kind of food” and by every that would include meat. So the quantity of these clean animals must have been enough to provide safe meat during the voyage as well. Having these also provided Noah with the means to send birds out to check for dry land and to make a sacrifice once the ordeal was over. Even after eating and sacrificing what they needed, there still would have been extra clean animals improving the rate of reproduction so that his descendants can start raising herds of clean animals in their new life.

4 For in seven days I will send rain on the earth forty days and forty nights, and every living thing that I have made I will blot out from the face of the ground.” 5 And Noah did all that the Lord had commanded him.

-Verse 5 says Noah did everything. Many answer the criticism of how Noah was able to find every kind of animal and they say that God brought the animals to him. It doesn’t say God did this. In fact, it shows God’s specific instructions as to what Noah needs to do. Then it says that Noah did it. We aren’t told exactly but from Genesis 6:3, it may be that Noah was warned 120 years in advance of the flood occurring which would have given him ample time to find these animals and even raise and breed these animals so that a young male and female of each type was available when it came time to enter the ark. Noah may have been the world’s first zoo keeper and may have been finding and raising animals for over a hundred years to get everything right. If God was going to bring every animal and everything needed to Noah then why the advance warning, why wait? God could have told him when he’d only have enough time to build the ark. Why would Noah have to build the ark in the first place if God was going to do everything? God is in complete control and has complete sovereignty yet He does command us to do things and we are expected to do them. God could force anyone to do anything if He chose yet instead allows us the option to follow Him or face the consequences. I won’t start a Calvinism vs Armenianism debate here but we can definitely say for sure that being a follower of God requires faith but also obedience. Noah had faith and was given these tasks with the expectation he would obey and he did.

6 Noah was six hundred years old when the flood of waters came upon the earth. 7 And Noah and his sons and his wife and his sons’ wives with him went into the ark to escape the waters of the flood. 8 Of clean animals, and of animals that are not clean, and of birds, and of everything that creeps on the ground, 9 two and two, male and female, went into the ark with Noah, as God had commanded Noah.

-Even though Noah is said to be the only one righteous, God allows Noah to take his wife and son’s and their wives with him. Obviously Noah would need at least his own wife to repopulate the Earth but why were his sons necessary given that they were worldly too like all those God was eliminating. We see here the importance of family and the father in the family unit. The father is the leader of his family and has authority over everyone else. God didn’t just judge Noah as righteous but included his whole family as being part of him even if they individually did not meet the same criteria. The same is said for kings and leaders of nations. God is a God of order and structure and works within His own established structure of what He has created when He interacts with us. That does not mean that within a married couple only the husband can receive communication from God since he’s the head of the family because the contrary happens often including in scripture. While the family does have a structure as the father being the head, we also each have our own individual soul and relationship with God. So it depends on what is relevant in each situation. In this situation, God communicating only with Noah was an individual-based decision but saving his whole family was based on family structure. Mankind was not meant to be alone so how could God save only Noah or even only Noah and his wife and leave his sons to die? The family reflects the Trinity of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. The husband has the authoritative Father role, the wife has the submissive Son role, and the sons have the obedient Holy Spirit role. God could no more split his family in this way then He could split Himself. Granted, when Lot and his family were escaping Sodom, Lot’s wife looked back and died so Lot’s wife did not survive. The difference in this case is his wife was already being saved but she chose defiance and went outside God’s family structure by not obeying her husband when she looked back. This would be the same as if one of Noah’s sons decided to jump out of the ark and take his chances during the flood. God did not fail, that person chose to be a fool.

10 And after seven days the waters of the flood came upon the earth. 11 In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, in the second month, on the seventeenth day of the month, on that day all the fountains of the great deep burst forth, and the windows of the heavens were opened. 12 And rain fell upon the earth forty days and forty nights.

-According to the account, everyone went in the ark AND THEN seven days later the water came. They were inside seven days for nothing. Not for nothing of course because again, seven is God’s number. It always signifies God’s work. It took seven days as proof it was from God. It even happened on the seventh day of the month. This is His calling card, so to speak. His seal. This section also says that the fountains of the deep forth which means not only did it rain but water came up from the ground as well. Also, the “windows of the heavens” probably isn’t just a poetic way of saying that it started raining. Given the theory about the layer of water in the sky protecting the atmosphere and prolonging life, the “window” seems to be describing this layer following down to earth where as it had been held by a window before.

13 On the very same day Noah and his sons, Shem and Ham and Japheth, and Noah’s wife and the three wives of his sons with them entered the ark, 14 they and every beast, according to its kind, and all the livestock according to their kinds, and every creeping thing that creeps on the earth, according to its kind, and every bird, according to its kind, every winged creature. 15 They went into the ark with Noah, two and two of all flesh in which there was the breath of life. 16 And those that entered, male and female of all flesh, went in as God had commanded him. And the Lord shut him in.

-This information has been repeated again and again it seems to be God saying it anew to make sure that we understand it. In this case, we need to understand that yes, every single type of animal was on the ark. Yes, really. It’s as if God anticipated resistance to the believability of this story.

17 The flood continued forty days on the earth. The waters increased and bore up the ark, and it rose high above the earth. 18 The waters prevailed and increased greatly on the earth, and the ark floated on the face of the waters. 19 And the waters prevailed so mightily on the earth that all the high mountains under the whole heaven were covered. 20 The waters prevailed above the mountains, covering them fifteen cubits deep. 21 And all flesh died that moved on the earth, birds, livestock, beasts, all swarming creatures that swarm on the earth, and all mankind.

-This description is included most likely to make sure we understood that nothing survived, nothing. So nothing, certainly no “Nephilum”, whatever they were exactly, could have survived either. Everything being destroyed means everything was destroyed and there was no life. According to this description, if Mt. Everest was the same height now as it was then, then the water would have gotten 29,028 feet plus 15 cubits above current sea level. That is a lot of water but if there was that much and it didn’t all return to the atmosphere, where did it all go? The answer might be found in Psalm 104:5-8, “He set the earth on its foundations, so that it should never be moved. You covered it with the deep as with a garment; the waters stood above the mountains. At your rebuke they fled; at the sound of your thunder they took to flight. The mountains rose, the valleys sank down to the place that you appointed for them. You set a boundary that they may not pass, so that they might not again cover the earth.” This passage refers to the flood and mentions mountains rising and valleys sinking. This would suggest the earth was more “flat” before the flood and deep valleys were created that made the oceans into what we have today. It’s possible we may not have had oceans pre-flood like we do today. Plus, such massive weight probably would have caused tectonic disturbances that would have raised mountains up. So that is where the overwhelming majority of the water went, down valleys that are our modern day ocean floor possibly created by earthquakes that also caused mountains to raise. In the next chapter, it says God sent a mighty wind to abate the waters so he must have got the ball rolling. http://www.creationconversations.com/group/scientific-evidence-for-a-universal-flood/forum/topics/flood-water-how-much-was-there-where-did-it-come-from-and-where?commentId=4344648%3AComment%3A163916&groupId=4344648%3AGroup%3A138627

22 Everything on the dry land in whose nostrils was the breath of life died. 23 He blotted out every living thing that was on the face of the ground, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens. They were blotted out from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those who were with him in the ark. 24 And the waters prevailed on the earth 150 days.

-The description “in whose nostrils was the breath of life” again proves the point last chapter about God’s “spirit” not abiding man any longer referring to simply life God has already given. According to this, after the rained stopped, there was a whole 150 days or a whopping 5 months before the waters subsided enough to leave the ark. Having done the preparation and waiting possibly over a hundred years and then having to wait half a year through this whole ordeal…Noah is the king of patience and a much greater man than me!

Spanish words:
conservar = to keep, maintain, preserve
faz = face, vosage, face of a coin
diluvio = flood
suceder = to happen, succeed
lluvia = rain
silvestre = wild
superficie = surface
aliento = breath
prevalecer = to prevail, prevail over

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Genesis 6: Increasing Corruption on Earth

1 When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, 2 the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took as their wives any they chose.

-This is a very highly debated couple of verses in scripture in terms of what the phrase “sons of God” actually means. Many claim “sons of God” refers to angels and they are called this way in couple places in Job. We have not had any introduction to angels yet as of this point, only a cherubim, and everywhere else in the bible angels are referred to as “malach”, the Hebrew word for angel or messenger. If God is giving Moses this account and he is then relaying this to the Jewish people in the desert, why would Moses be suddenly talking about angels and so much heavenly history the people could not possibly know would all just be assumed. Not only that but why would an angel have sex with a human? Angels are genderless and while we do see they can take a form of a man, there is no point. Angels do not reproduce. We human beings feel sexual pleasure because we are designed that way for reproduction. In heaven, there is no gender and there is no reproduction. To say angels did what we do would be taking something heavenly and transcendent and bringing it down to our level. If these angels are “fallen” which we will address in the next couple verses, why would fallen mean they become men on earth? To believe all this requires a lot of explanation that we simply aren’t given with the exception of the account in the Book of Enoch which is not included as part of the 66 books in the bible. It makes no sense why God would allow angels to fall and corrupt His plan for mankind. The only reasonable conclusion that I can ascertain as to the meaning of this line is based on what we are already given; that Cain’s line became wicked (daughters of man) and Seth’s line included those that were more righteous (sons of God). Not only that but Seth’s line is the line that eventually lead to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David, and Jesus. Since Seth’s descendants eventually became the Israels (God’s people) perhaps this is why they are referred to as “son’s of God”. These two verses are saying Seth’s line was not so righteous anymore and they began interbreeding with daughters from Cain’s line choosing a mate solely on attraction rather than anything relating to Godly character. We will see in a little bit that by the time Noah was 500 years old, everyone righteous except for him had either died off, become corrupted, or in Enoch’s case was taken away. Noah was the only one left because of the corruption of sin and interbreeding with Cain’s “fugitive” line.

3 Then the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.”

-It almost sounds as if God is talking about the Holy Spirit having extended the life of everyone at this point but this is not so. Going back to the Hebrew, the meaning of “Spirit” is the same for when God breathed life into Adam. This verse could read “My breath of life will not tolerate man forever”. The only question is if God is saying that He will be limiting any persons lifetime to no greater than 120 years. This is puzzling because there have been people reportedly living longer than 120 years to this day and we know anything said by God cannot be wrong. God is not given to exaggeration and it doesn’t say “average”or “typical”maximum. One possible theory is that this verse is saying that there will be 120 years before the flood and mankind will be wiped out and begin anew with Noah. We don’t know how old Noah was when he was told by God about the flood but we are told he was 500 years old when he the three sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth had all been born and the next time measurement we are given is that he was 600 years old when the flood started. It is possible based on the facts we are given that “120 years” means that Noah was told 120 years before it happened and before the last of his three sons were born and that’s how long it took to prepare. I cannot reconcile “120 years” meaning an age because everything God says is absolute. That must be the time between God’s spoken proclamation and warning to Noah, to the actual flood.

4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the men of renown.

-A large number of biblical authorities believe that “Nephilim” refers to Angels that fell to earth and interbred with mankind. As mentioned before, we are not given information and history to be able to substantiate this story. The only pieces of info we have is the word itself and the description of “sons of God” which are only referred to as angels in the Book of Job. The information we are given has to do with Cain and Seth’s separate lineage. We had a whole chapter and a half on this. The word “Nephilim” means “giants” in Hebrew but could also be translated as the plural form of “fallen” which would mean “fallen ones” or “the fallen”. The word does not say fallen angels though many taken it to mean this. We do know in later scripture that a third of the Angels in heaven decide to follow Satan but we are given nothing in scripture that says angels fell to earth and became men. Mankind if elevated to a status above the angels and have a special purpose in God’s divine plan even though angelic beings themselves are more powerful in terms of what they can do. Why would an angel, especially a fallen angel, be privileged to live a life as a physical man on earth? And if they did not have physical bodies but were spirit beings on earth, what need would they have to reproduce? As said before, the only source for all this information is the Book of Enoch which is not considered to be part of the bible by 99% of Christian denominations including Catholics. In short, we are making things up. We have to go by what the 66 books of the bible says and if any of this really happened, we aren’t given the information to believe it so there is no reason to make these assumptions. If the Nephilim were giants then there could be other reasons why they would be exceptionally large people. Perhaps they were a culture from Cain’s line that believed in breeding the strongest people to greet a mighty warrior race and so intentionally brought couples together who had great physical traits and size so that they as a people will grow in size. This would be nothing new as we saw examples of this as late as the Nazi’s during WWII. They believe the blond-haired, blue-eyed, Arian race to be the master race and eventually wanted no other race to exist except for these people. They loosely followed a philosopher named Neitche who is famous for declaring “God is dead” and suggested the sole aim of mankind should be improving itself as a race. This is a very natural thought pattern throughout human history that if we totally reject the very concept of God and consider ourselves as gods, then the logical conclusion would be to improve our race in a physical and worldly ways since that’s all there is. We do know that Nephilim are mentioned after the flood which those who believe they are spiritual beings like angels suggest perhaps they somehow survived the flood. To me, this further proves they are not one people but any race of people who follow this very common line of thinking throughout history and try to breed a race of giants or “supermen”. The Canaanites were giants because they were very worldly, one of the reasons God probably chose to destroy them. Lastly, the description “might men” suggests warriors with great physical characteristics all the more reason I believe they were bred that way and weren’t some kind of super angel-human hybrid beings. If the Nephilim were not wiped out in the flood then that would suggest to me that God failed and had a problem He couldn’t deal with. That sure doesn’t sound like God to me.

5 The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 6 And the Lord regretted that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him to his heart. 7 So the Lord said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens, for I am sorry that I have made them.” 8 But Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord.

-This fits with what I explained under verse 3. Mankind had become more and more evil to where all there actions and thoughts were of physical, worldly things and nothing of God. Noah became the only one living left that still had a righteous nature like Enoch and (possibly) his father, Lamech, who did not think worldly. If people were breading to create physical giants, warring with and killing each other, then this would make sense. Things would have had to be VERY bad for God to decide to wipe out the whole earth. To say that things were bad because of fallen angels mating with humans seems to diminish the effects of sin and the evil of mankind which God just gave as the reason for his desire to destroy the earth. Yes, the Devil and demons are involved in temptation, this is true. But the Devil cannot “make” us do anything. To say that this is the fault of demons that caused the flood is no different than when Adam pointed his finger at Eve and even God for making her and then Eve pointing her finger at the serpent. Satan did not force Adam of Eve to eat of the tree, he merely tempted them into wanting to do it themselves. If there was any “coming into” of fallen angels into mankind then it was only to infiltrate the mind and tempt mankind to sin.

Noah and the Flood

9 These are the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his generation. Noah walked with God. 10 And Noah had three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

-When describing Noah, the verse is not saying Noah was perfect even though some translations use that word. The word “blameless” in this translation is from the Hebrew word “tamiym” which means “complete, whole”. I think it may be accurate to say that this verse is saying Noah was a balanced person because he acknowledge God in his life, not that he did everything right and was perfect. The phrase “walked”with God is not literal and simply means he conducted his life in a way that was on the path God would want a man to be on in life. No one is truly a “good” or righteous man but we find out later in Genesis that God counts faith as righteousness. Hebrews 11:7 tells us Noah walked by faith in listening to what God was telling him even though it must have seemed preposterous because there had never been a such thing as rain before and not only that, he may have been told 120 years in advance! That’s a long time to wait on God.

11 Now the earth was corrupt in God’s sight, and the earth was filled with violence. 12 And God saw the earth, and behold, it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth. 13 And God said to Noah, “I have determined to make an end of all flesh, for the earth is filled with violence through them. Behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

-Have you noticed how many times in this chapter we’re told about how corrupt the Earth is. And each time, we are given the reason: the ways of the flesh. We are not told that the corruption is due to fallen angels, the corruption is due to sin. Not just sin but totally unrepentant sin. This is in here so many times its as if God has anticipated the future and made sure to include this extra times to make sure we get the hint. God is destroying the world, because of sin, because of people living by the flesh, for physical and worldly things, and not turning to Him.

14 Make yourself an ark of gopher wood. Make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch. 15 This is how you are to make it: the length of the ark 300 cubits, its breadth 50 cubits, and its height 30 cubits. 16 Make a roof for the ark, and finish it to a cubit above, and set the door of the ark in its side. Make it with lower, second, and third decks.

-What the heck is “gopher”wood? Interestingly enough, “gopher” does not refer to the animal, it is an untranslated Hebrew word because no one knows exactly what it is. It was either wood from a type of tree that went extinct (maybe in the flood) or a name the Hebrews used for a type of wood that has been lost over time. There are some who have spiritualized the information given here and claimed the dimensions given for the ark are also roughly the same proportion of a man and then tying that to Jesus as being our “ark” of salvation to survive the wrath of God. Nothing in the bible is incidental and has meaning, true, but it seems more likely that the dimensions are here to simply validate the story. One could, and people have, build an ark given the information here if we are to assume a cubit is the average length of a man’s forearm. Here is a link to one such build: http://www.today.com/news/life-size-noahs-ark-replica-draws-tourists-netherlands-2D79452166

17 For behold, I will bring a flood of waters upon the earth to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life under heaven. Everything that is on the earth shall die.

-Notice “breath of life under heaven”. This confirms what we discussed in verse 3 about God’s “spirit” not abiding in man forever. Here it actually says “breath” confirming this interpretation for verse 3 that it is not the Holy Spirit prolonging life but simply referring to life itself as being God-breathed.

18 But I will establish my covenant with you, and you shall come into the ark, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. 19 And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every sort into the ark to keep them alive with you. They shall be male and female. 20 Of the birds according to their kinds, and of the animals according to their kinds, of every creeping thing of the ground, according to its kind, two of every sort shall come in to you to keep them alive. 21 Also take with you every sort of food that is eaten, and store it up. It shall serve as food for you and for them.” 22 Noah did this; he did all that God commanded him.

-An age old question is “How can Noah fit two of every single kind of animal into the dimensions given in the ark? That’s impossible!” Well, sure, it would be impossible if we are assuming he is bringing literally every single variation of every type of animal and that he’s bringing fully grown animals like that seem way too big like giraffes inside. But if we imagine he is to bring one kind of dogs and one kind of cats, for example, instead of every bread of dog and cat and that many of the animals he was bringing were young or even infants, then it all does indeed check out. It could definitely be done. We have had thousands of years for people to simply try out the details and it does indeed work. The only “problem” people will claim is how can you have every single variation of an animal and the answer is, he didn’t. We discussed genetic diversity earlier and how it has degraded over time. We can then logically conclude that it used to be greater and that every variation of every animal we see today was in the genetic code of whatever bread of animal was on the ark. Through generations of each animals, these variations came about. It might actually be possible that before the flood, there may have many variations of animals as well as people that we’ve never seen. Earth may have been even more diverse at that time. It is no wonder that we find strange fossils of animals or variations of animals that aren’t like anything we’ve ever seen and can sometimes be hard to explain. Maybe not every possible variation of life was saved on the ark but enough to give us the amazing diversity we see today.

Spanish words:

acontecer = to happen, occur

contender = to compete, contend, fight

gigantes = giants

antiguedad = antiquity, seniority, length

designio = plan

doler = to hurt

corromper = to corrupt

codo = elbow

anchura = width

pacto = pact, agreement, covenant

alimento = food

almacenar = to store, stock, collect