Genesis 18: Abraham Intercedes for Sodom

1 And the Lord appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day. 2 He lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three men were standing in front of him. When he saw them, he ran from the tent door to meet them and bowed himself to the earth

-Abraham’s act obviously meant recognition. Even though this passage says “men”, they obviously did not look like ordinary men and since Abraham was already wealthy like a king, it probably was not because they appeared rich or important. Abraham recognized these men as being God’s men either through instinct (Holy Spirit) or because he realized he had seen one of them before. The fact that he says “O Lord” in the next verse means that he recognizes one of them as who he thinks is God Himself. As we talked about before, if it is only an angel, the angel would correct Abraham and not allow him to make the mistake of referring to an angel mistakenly as God. Since this being has the appearance of a man, it is quite likely that this individual is Jesus, God the Son. The other two men must have been angels accompanying Him and Abraham somehow understood that this One was of more importance than the other two and were only accompanying.

3 and said, “O Lord, if I have found favor in your sight, do not pass by your servant. 4 Let a little water be brought, and wash your feet, and rest yourselves under the tree, 5 while I bring a morsel of bread, that you may refresh yourselves, and after that you may pass on—since you have come to your servant.” So they said, “Do as you have said.” 6 And Abraham went quickly into the tent to Sarah and said, “Quick! Three seahs of fine flour! Knead it, and make cakes.” 7 And Abraham ran to the herd and took a calf, tender and good, and gave it to a young man, who prepared it quickly. 8 Then he took curds and milk and the calf that he had prepared, and set it before them. And he stood by them under the tree while they ate.

-This confirms that these beings did come in the form of men that they would eat and did not appear as a spiritual being only resembling a man. They appeared to have normal bodies like you and I. We’ve talked about there being four different words in Hebrew for the English word “man”. The word used here is the plural of “enosh” which if you recall means man in the mortal, fleshly sense. We see Abraham give them the utmost respect as guests, even washing their feat. If Abraham thinks he is entertaining God, he must be in both excitement and panic. How does one entertain God if he comes by your house? This demonstrates both Abraham’s faith and his submission to God up to this point. Abraham has come far enough in his journey that he knows who is boss. He knows who he owes everything to. Even let them eat while he stood by, not even eating himself. A “seah” is a unit of measurement of roughly 7.33 liters or one third of an “ephah” which is 22 liters.

9 They said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “She is in the tent.” 10 The Lord said, “I will surely return to you about this time next year, and Sarah your wife shall have a son.” And Sarah was listening at the tent door behind him. 11 Now Abraham and Sarah were old, advanced in years. The way of women had ceased to be with Sarah. 12 So Sarah laughed to herself, saying, “After I am worn out, and my lord is old, shall I have pleasure?”

-”The way of women had ceased” obviously means that she was old enough to have reached the state of menopause. There was now no physical way she could possibly have a child now even if she could before. It would truly, by all definitions, take a miracle at this point. Her age would have probably been the equivalent of 60 years old today. One amazing small mention that is easy to miss if in verse 12 when she calls her husband “lord”. What a stunning display of respect. In 1 Peter 3:5-6 in referring to marriage, Peter writes, “For this is how the holy women who hoped in God used to adorn themselves, by submitting to their own husbands, as Sarah obeyed Abraham, calling him lord…” By her conduct in scripture, Sarah is considered an excellent example of a good wife. I gave her credit last chapter as well but just in this one word, we see a perfect example for wives everywhere. As mentioned before, husbands must love and sacrifice for their wives and wives should respect and honor their husbands. In this, the most joy in marriage can be found. The fact that Sarah referred to her husband in this way even while laughing about something else, tells me that they must have had an excellent, loving marriage. This was a day where men did take multiple wives and Hagar was not given early on even though it was very cultural to have children through a servant if the husband and wife could not conceive. “have pleasure” in this last verse certainly refers to the joys of having a child.

13 The Lord said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh and say, ‘Shall I indeed bear a child, now that I am old?’ 14 Is anything too hard for the Lord? At the appointed time I will return to you, about this time next year, and Sarah shall have a son.” 15 But Sarah denied it, saying, “I did not laugh,” for she was afraid. He said, “No, but you did laugh.”

-Sarah was ashamed when she realized she had just laughed at something God had said. I can imagine the look on her face and her hand coming up to cover her mouth quickly, like a child who just said a bad word in front of his parents. How we are like children to God, even when we are old! And how He is a loving and understanding father! God did not scold her for this but merely encouraged her to have faith.

16 Then the men set out from there, and they looked down toward Sodom. And Abraham went with them to set them on their way. 17 The Lord said, “Shall I hide from Abraham what I am about to do, 18 seeing that Abraham shall surely become a great and mighty nation, and all the nations of the earth shall be blessed in him? 19 For I have chosen him, that he may command his children and his household after him to keep the way of the Lord by doing righteousness and justice, so that the Lord may bring to Abraham what he has promised him.” 20 Then the Lord said, “Because the outcry against Sodom and Gomorrah is great and their sin is very grave, 21 I will go down to see whether they have done altogether according to the outcry that has come to me. And if not, I will know.”

-This is another bizarre inclusion in the bible if you do not understand the entire bible and the nature of Jesus, God the Son. God appears to be talking to Himself, no really! He asks Himself if he should hide the truth from Abraham. Is He thinking and considering? God does not need to think and consider. Thinking suggests indecisiveness and not knowing. God knows everything; therefore, He never has to think and consider. What is happening is God the Son, the one in the form of a man, is asking God the Father what to do. Jesus is perfectly submissive to God the Father, calling Him Lord. He does nothing apart from the will of the Father. Even though Jesus Himself is God, we know there are things that Jesus does not know that God the Father knows. We are told in by Jesus Himself in Matthew 24:36 regarding the end times says “…concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.” So there are things that are kept from God the Son, including the end of the world. Jesus must have been asking earnestly what He should do from the Father because He does not know what to do in advance. He is there under orders awaiting the next order. So Jesus is sent to investigate Sodom and Gomorrah and only God the Father knows if He will destroy it. It is a chilling thought to think that Jesus could come to Earth and could even be on Earth right now doing the Father’s will. How would we possibly recognize Him if He appears like an ordinary man. We don’t have a clue what He looks like and He can probably look like anyone. Perhaps we should all be like Abraham was here and be perfectly hospital to anyone, any stranger that comes to visit. You never know if the person your are entering could be an angel, or even God Himself!

Abraham Intercedes for Sodom

22 So the men turned from there and went toward Sodom, but Abraham still stood before the Lord. 23 Then Abraham drew near and said, “Will you indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked? 24 Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city. Will you then sweep away the place and not spare it for the fifty righteous who are in it? 25 Far be it from you to do such a thing, to put the righteous to death with the wicked, so that the righteous fare as the wicked! Far be that from you! Shall not the Judge of all the earth do what is just?”

-What a bold question! But an all to common one. So many people say the reason they have a hard time believing that a God exists is that bad things happen to good people. This comes from a misunderstanding of what good is. We think of good in the world as someone who is generally nice and does harm others. We think of good as a child, innocent. So when we see major disasters and horrible unspeakable things especially that which is done to children by sick and twisted minds, many people cannot believe a righteous God would allow such a thing. We fail to understand that we are all evil and all live in an evil, sinful world. We also don’t realize that death is not the worst thing to happen to a person. We don’t realize that God will use evil for good and use these horrible things to reveal Himself to people. These horrible acts do not disprove God but on the contrary, show what happens without Him and why we need Him. We have no ability to do anything by ourselves good apart from Him and natural disasters or bad people doing bad things is an excellent reminder that we are not safe. We are never safe. There is no such thing as safe. It is an illusion that we create. We are not in heaven right now and at any moment death can instantaneously come to us and our families. We are utterly helpless and at the mercy of God. We must constantly remind ourselves that God is not beholden to us and has no obligation to save us and anything He does is purely grace. We, even little children as hard as it is to imagine, deserve death for our sin. Anytime people die or a bad thing happens to a “good” person, it is less than what is deserved. But God does show mercy, God does intervene, God does answer prayer to those who call out to Him. But if a major disaster is happening and you are about to die and you call out to God for the first time in your life sincerely, do not expect to be saved. After all, who are you? God does not know you. When have you ever taken the time to know Him or thank Him for what He does for you? But to His adopted children. He often saves them or at least takes away some of the pain if it is their time. But if they die, all that means is that the path to being with God is accelerated. Death is not the worst thing that can happen, it can even be a blessing.

26 And the Lord said, “If I find at Sodom fifty righteous in the city, I will spare the whole place for their sake.” 27 Abraham answered and said, “Behold, I have undertaken to speak to the Lord, I who am but dust and ashes. 28 Suppose five of the fifty righteous are lacking. Will you destroy the whole city for lack of five?” And he said, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.” 29 Again he spoke to him and said, “Suppose forty are found there.” He answered, “For the sake of forty I will not do it.” 30 Then he said, “Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak. Suppose thirty are found there.” He answered, “I will not do it, if I find thirty there.” 31 He said, “Behold, I have undertaken to speak to the Lord. Suppose twenty are found there.” He answered, “For the sake of twenty I will not destroy it.” 32 Then he said, “Oh let not the Lord be angry, and I will speak again but this once. Suppose ten are found there.” He answered, “For the sake of ten I will not destroy it.” 33 And the Lord went his way, when he had finished speaking to Abraham, and Abraham returned to his place.

-I find this passage humorous myself. Abraham isn’t asking what is truly on His mind. Abraham does not know if there are as many as ten righteous in that city. In fact, he may doubt that there is. He is asking God because he knows that his nephew Lot lives in Sodom and will be killed if God destroys the city. Abraham considers Lot righteous and we know that God counts faith as righteousness. If Lot has faith that God spoke to Abraham and is indeed real then perhaps God will spare him. Lot has always been like a son to Abraham and he even journeyed into modern day Syria with an army to rescue him. He does not want his kin to be killed. However, many interpret this passage as Abraham caring for human life in general. But Abraham does not ask God not to destroy the city for the sake of children who live there and are innocent. He is only asking about “righteous” people. He obviously has at least one righteous person in mind. If Abraham really did have concern for the children or “innocents” that don’t know better, then he at least knew that God would not make an exception because we are still only a few hundred years removed from the flood. Abraham may know what had happened to the Earth generations before and no that it is not above the Lord to destroy the world if everyone in it is wicked. This is why he asks if there are any people righteous, like Noah was, would he spare them? We don’t know if Lot living where he was would have been considered righteous but perhaps like Noah, because Lot was like a son to Abraham and Abraham was considered righteous, perhaps Lot was spared for Abraham’s sake just as Noah’s sons were.

Spanish Words:

encinar = oak forest, grove

alzar = to lift, raise

postrar = to prostrate, weaken

traer = to bring

recostar = to lie down

bocado = mouthful, bite

sustendar = to sustain

prisa = hurry

mantequilla = butter

reir = to laugh

juicio = trial

clamor = clamor, roar, outcry, toll

justo = fair, just

Genesis 14: Abram Rescues Lot

1 In the days of Amraphel king of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar, Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal king of Goiim, 2 these kings made war with Bera king of Sodom, Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar). 3 And all these joined forces in the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea). 4 Twelve years they had served Chedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth year they rebelled. 5 In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him came and defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in Shaveh-kiriathaim, 6 and the Horites in their hill country of Seir as far as El-paran on the border of the wilderness. 7 Then they turned back and came to En-mishpat (that is, Kadesh) and defeated all the country of the Amalekites, and also the Amorites who were dwelling in Hazazon-tamar.

-Here is a link to a picture that summarizes this information: http://www.calvaryfullerton.org/Bstudy/01%20Gen/2006/01Gen%2014_files/image001.jpg . Historians who have researched this period of history have been able to verify that the time period of this taking place when Abram lived would have been accurate: http://oldtestamentstudies.datascenesdev.com/patriarchs/genesis14.asp?item=3&variant=0 . Essentially what happened is kings from the mighty Babylonian area that was established by Nimrod the first mighty king of the Lord and where the Tower of Babel had been being built headed west into Canaan then went south down Jordan to conquer. It’s safe to assume the union of these four kings was the most powerful force on the face of the earth.

8 Then the king of Sodom, the king of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela (that is, Zoar) went out, and they joined battle in the Valley of Siddim 9 with Chedorlaomer king of Elam, Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar, four kings against five. 10 Now the Valley of Siddim was full of bitumen pits, and as the kings of Sodom and Gomorrah fled, some fell into them, and the rest fled to the hill country.

-Valley of Siddim: http://bibleatlas.org/valley_of_siddim.htm . Another term for a “bitumen pit” is a tar pit. This valley located at the north end of the dead sea was full of deadly tar pits and large armies shoulder to shoulder do not have much room to avoid them especially while running for their lives. The important information to keep in mind is this force of four kings is incredibly strong and unbeatable to be totally wiping out the five kings in this region to the point they risk falling in tar pits just to get away with their lives.

11 So the enemy took all the possessions of Sodom and Gomorrah, and all their provisions, and went their way. 12 They also took Lot, the son of Abram’s brother, who was dwelling in Sodom, and his possessions, and went their way.

-Lot was extremely wealthy and while we don’t know whether he or some of his men would have joined up to defend Sodom, it wasn’t as if he was just some man in some house in the middle of a city. He had many possessions, animals, servants, and probably wasn’t a pushover himself. But even he fell to this unstoppable army and was taken captive. Take note as we read about about what Abram did in a moment.

13 Then one who had escaped came and told Abram the Hebrew, who was living by the oaks of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol and of Aner. These were allies of Abram.

-This is the first time Abram or anyone is called a “Hebrew”. As mentioned before, it is possible the word “Hebrew” has come from the name Eber because it is similar word and Eber is an ancestor. It would be like calling him an “Eberite”. It seems reasonable that people would be delineated by their language after the Tower of Babel incident and either Eber or his sons Pelag and Joktan would have been the generation when this happened.

14 When Abram heard that his kinsman had been taken captive, he led forth his trained men, born in his house, 318 of them, and went in pursuit as far as Dan. 15 And he divided his forces against them by night, he and his servants, and defeated them and pursued them to Hobah, north of Damascus. 16 Then he brought back all the possessions, and also brought back his kinsman Lot with his possessions, and the women and the people.

-Abram probably had more wealth than Lot but if Abram was able to round up 318 trained men ready to die for him it seems reasonable that Lot had a couple hundred himself yet he was defeated. I am not stating this to praise Abram and how great he and his men must of fought to win this battle, but rather to show how considering how all five kings and Lot and all the men they had all fell before this might which was now freshly restocked with supplies and probably better equipped than when they came should not have lost. Abram should not have been able to cause a dent. What gave him the idea he could succeed in the first place? Abram one this battle because he had the help of God. This was a miraculous event and there is now way to explain how 318 men in pursuit can catch and overtake the most powerful force in the world at the time and rescue Lot and all the kings of the five countries. Everyone was saved. There are many who claim Abram won because of the wise tactics of dividing his forces to surround the enemy but I highly doubt tactics had anything to do with it. Recall the story of the 300 Spartans and how they fought back the Persians. The reason the 300 men did so well was because they fought in a place that was narrow and man-to-man the Spartans were better warriors. A small force surrounding a very large force wouldn’t do much good even if Abram’s men were somehow superior warriors to the men of the great union of nations on earth.

Abram Blessed by Melchizedek

17 After his return from the defeat of Chedorlaomer and the kings who were with him, the king of Sodom went out to meet him at the Valley of Shaveh (that is, the King’s Valley). 18 And Melchizedek king of Salem brought out bread and wine. (He was priest of God Most High.) 19 And he blessed him and said, “Blessed be Abram by God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth; 20 and blessed be God Most High, who has delivered your enemies into your hand!” And Abram gave him a tenth of everything.

-This is one of the most bizarre, hard-to-explain inclusions in the whole bible. Who is Melchizedek? Where is Salem? There is no mention or any historical findings about any place called Salem. Salem was not one of the cities who had kings in this battle and all the information was given very thoroughly at the beginning of this chapter. Did they forget one or was this some minor king not worth mentioning until this point? But then how can someone be a priest of God? Priests haven’t been invented yet. And if he is a Canaanite, how is it that he is a righteous man before God? What’s amazing is what he does…he takes bread and wine and blesses Abram and Abram gives him a tenth of everything. Why did Abram give this random king a tenth of everything especially if he was only a minor king? Abram didn’t even give Lot, his own kin, a tenth of everything. Christian scholars have realized some incredible parallels to Jesus over time. Jesus is the ultimate priest to God who intercedes on our behalf just as a priest in Israel would do. Jesus broke bread and served wine during the last supper commanding us to do this any time we gather in remembrance of Him and how He was broken and His blood shed for us. In Israel, it later becomes established that everyone must tithe (give one tenth) of everything to God. It has been proposed that this character called Melchizedek in the bible is none other that Jesus Himself who for some reason paid a visit to Abram and Abram somehow recognized or felt something about who He was. Jesus is God and has always existed so He certainly could appear at any time of history He wishes. The word “Melchizedek” is an Anglicized version of the Hebrew “Malkiy-Tsedeq”. Melek means “king” in Hebrew and tsedeq means “righteous”. The word salem means “peace”. So it is possible the correct translation in English for verse 18 would be: “And The King of Righteousness, the King of Peace brought out bread and wine. (He was priest of God Most High.) Jesus is certainly the king of all righteousness and the king of peace.

21 And the king of Sodom said to Abram, “Give me the persons, but take the goods for yourself.” 22 But Abram said to the king of Sodom, “I have lifted my hand to the Lord, God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth, 23 that I would not take a thread or a sandal strap or anything that is yours, lest you should say, ‘I have made Abram rich.’ 24 I will take nothing but what the young men have eaten, and the share of the men who went with me. Let Aner, Eshcol, and Mamre take their share.”

-Here Abram repeats the same thing Melchizedek said, “God Most High, Possessor of heaven and earth”. Through Melchizedek, Abram learned or at least received confirmation that his victory was not by his own hand but because God had granted it to him. Melchizedek obviously had some kind of influence on him, God in the flesh certainly would have, don’t you think? In verse 23, he makes a wise political statement by acknowledging that the King of Sodom could claim he made Abram rich because he would have let Abram have all the possessions which would give him a claim of authority over Abram. Abram then could be considered a fellow Sodomite, subservient to this king. Abram obviously only has one king he intends to be subservient to.

Spanish Words:

lleno = full
pozo = well, shaft
riqueza = wealth
aliar = to ally, combine
criar = to raise, breed, bring up
derrota = defeat
sacar = to take out, remove
alzar = to lift, raise

Genesis 3: The Fall

1a Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the Lord God had made.

-The word used for serpent is the Hebrew word “nachash” which means snake/serpent and is used this way elsewhere in the bible including when Moses through down the rod and it turned into a snake. That word can also mean bronze but it would be reaching to claim that “nacash” means a “shiny bronze-like creature” because its used nowhere else. There is every reason to believe that this is really saying that some kind of serpent-like reptile was talking and he is later identified as Satan. He is referred to as a dragon in Revelation so its possible a magnificent dragon-like creature could be here since “serpent” is a vague term to describe any reptile-like creature. A possible explanation for why “nachash” could mean bronze is Moses in the Book of Numbers was instructed to put a bronze snake on a pole to prevent death from bites from fiery serpents and there have been many archaeological findings dated pre-Israel in Canaan of bronze snake statues so it is possible it was cultural to associate a snake with bronze. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serpent_%28Bible%29

1b He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?”

-Here we begin to see Satan’s method for tempting us into sin. By asking this question he knows the answer to, it forces Eve to answer in a way that gets her thinking about the limitation. He is calling attention to something that we want. We human beings are naturally curious and want to learn, it is not sinful to want to experience this wonderful world God has created for us. Adam and Eve likely wondered why God would have put a restriction on this one tree. Satan has made Eve think about this by bringing it up.

2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, 3 but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’”

-Eve seems to add here that they aren’t allowed to even touch it when that is not what God said to Adam. We aren’t told why she added this so there are many possibilities but we do know at this point there has not been a sin yet so we can say for sure that she was not lying and so she either interpreted what she was told in this way or was told this by God or Adam at some other point.

4 But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die.

-After isolating the desire in Eve he then puts a doubt in her heart by lying to her and giving her conflicting information.

5 For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

-Now he is trying to bring God down to a level below a human, claiming God to be jealous and insecure and that He is holding back on them. Satan has now taken a desire, put doubt to its source, and completely changed the situation around to the exact opposite of the truth.

6a So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate,

-Now that doubt was in her heart she decided to discern the conflicting information by using her own intuition since she did not know which source to believe. She used her own judgment and decided that it looked good, it did not look dangerous, and if it would make her a better person and more wise, how can it be bad? This was how the fall of man happened, relying on ourselves to decided the truth using our own judgment and intuition. This is why only faith can save because we can never fully rationalize our way to the truth because we are limited based on our physical existence to see all that there is. The only way to know the truth is to trust God. It was a free will decision to choose not to trust God that brought sin into this world.

6b and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.

-This half of the verse implies Adam may have been with her the whole time through the conversation with Satan and stood by and did nothing. This would be a sin of omission in failing to do his duty as her husband and protecting her however this is not identified as the original sin and Adam was not tempted by Satan to do so beforehand that we are told. Therefore, Eve must have been alone and met up with Adam later before eating the fruit. Adam did not stop her from sinning but we are not given enough information to suggest Adam’s failure as a husband was the original sin. Before Satan spoke to Eve,there was no such thing as temptation yet either. Satan is the “father of lies”, he brought the concept into the world when he spoke to Eve. Adam may have had no understanding of what was happening before eating the fruit because he hadn’t yet been exposed to the concept of doubting God and temptation as Eve had. Eve ate of the fruit first and then handed it to Adam who ate it. This was the original sin. Does that mean its all the woman’s fault as Adam suggested? No of course not because Adam still chose to disobey God and Satan could have come to Adam and did the same thing but chose to come to Eve to further distort the divine order God had set up in husbands and wives. In the original sin, not only was there disobedience and pride, but the woman took the lead, the exact opposite of the roles God established. Satan’s aim is to defy God as much as possible and tempting Eve did more to spit in His face than would tempting Adam.

7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.

-As mentioned last chapter, there was no need for clothing because there was nothing to cover up and no desire to be ashamed of. Now that they had the knowledge that they can disobey God and live for there own desires, they felt ashamed. Now they had something to hide.

8 And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.

-Was God the Father really walking around the garden? As far as we know, God has no physical body yet He is described here as “walking” like a man would. We know from later in scripture that “no one has ever seen God”. The most anyone has ever done was Moses who saw the “back” of God. This being walking is identified as God not an angel or some other heavenly being. Therefore, the only person this can be is God the Son, Jesus, in pre-incarnate human form. Jesus was the one who walked in the garden with Adam and Eve and as the voice of God He did the Father’s will and gave them their punishments.

9 But the Lord God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?”

-God obviously knows where they are but this is a teaching moment for Adam an Eve. We often play dumb for children when we teach them something and that’s what’s going on here. God wants to show them what they are doing at that their behavior is foolish.

10 And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.” 11 He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?”

-“Who told you…”, God asks. Again, He knows the answer but this shows that we would not have even understood the concept of nakedness had we not been exposed to it. This goes along with the claim I made in the first chapter about mankind being totally incapable of creating anything new. We can’t “invent” the idea of nakedness or anything else. Since it did not exist in the physical world and was not revealed by God, “someone” must have told them about it.

12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.”

-It’s all her fault! Wherever there’s pride, there lacks humility. Now that Adam has this sinful nature, he refuses to admit himself a sinner and blames his wife. How horrible! Yet we do it all the time, don’t we? We do it with everything. We refuse to see our disgusting, sinful nature and everything is always because of some other reason. Might Adam not have taken the fruit if Eve had not been with him and handed it to him, probably not unless Satan came to him with the same temptation. But does that change the fact that he chose to do it? Of course not, Adam was compelled to was given temptation. We as mankind are completely incapable of resisting sin apart from the help of God, namely the Holy Spirit. Otherwise, we would always give in, always sin, and always avoid responsibility for our actions afterwards.

13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

-God pays along for now and asks Eve who does the same thing. It’s the serpents fault! Notice how God asks Adam first and not Eve or the serpent first even though He knows everything that transpired. Why did he not go up to the serpent and ask him, “How dare you tempt my creations, curse you!” first? God is going in the divine order of His creation but asking the man first, then the woman, and then the beast. Satan went the opposite direction as the beast asking the woman who then lead the man astray with her.

14 The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life.

-Could this be the origin of why snakes crawl on their bellies and have no arms or legs? Doubtful since worms and many creatures do this and we aren’t given their origins. Not only that, if this is a punishment and everything God created was good, wouldn’t that mean its bad that other creatures crawl on their bellies? God is not talking to snakes but is talking directly to Satan. Why would God punish an animal being controlled by Satan because of what Satan did? God placed a “curse” on Satan which doesn’t necessarily mean its something that happens right away. We are cursed to die, but that does not mean we drop dead this instant, it just means that we will die at some point. Satan is cursed to be defeated in the future. In the Book of Revelation, we see the fate of Satan. He will be thrown out of heaven and cast down to Earth (crawl on his belly) and will ultimately burn forever in the lake of fire (eating dust). That is a worse curse than all livestock and animals who simply experience one death, and that it’s. He will feel pain for eternity.

15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”

-This is known in theology as the “Protoevangelium” or “The First Gospel” because this is the first prophesy of Jesus. In a culture that is always about the seed of a man, God says “her offspring”. Throughout the bible, the genealogies rarely even mention the woman unless it has some relevance. Why wouldn’t God tell Satan it will be a seed of Adam? This is in reference to the virgin birth. Jesus was born of Mary and the Holy Spirit as being both 100% man from Mary and 100% God from the Holy Spirit. Satan strikes at Jesus’ heal by killing Him in the physical sense on the cross but gives Satan a mortal blow to the head by providing a way for our sins to be forgiven. This mortal blow to the head will ultimately defeat Satan once and for all and cast him into hell, destroying him just as a crushed head would kill someone. A bruise is nothing but a pain that goes away. The pain Jesus suffered by taking on the punishment for our sins and being temporarily severed from God while unimaginable to us was only a bruise, He was not defeated. Satan will be.

16 To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”

-I can only think of two instances where “pain” is not the direct result of sin. Childbearing and work. All pain is caused by something relating to sin, even disease. We would not have disease if not for sin corrupting the world. We would not have war, death. We wouldn’t even have indigestion if not for glutinous eating or eating unclean foods that are themselves diseased or a result of the corruption of sin. We would not have pain from aging because we would not age and be pulled towards death. We would not even get injured because no one would take a game to far or take great risks out of a desire for something. This to me is proof that these curses are real. Assuming a married couple who waiting to have sex until marriage and then conceived, there is no sin in the process so why have all the pain of something so beautiful as bringing forth life? Aren’t we doing what we are told by being fruitful and multiplying? This to me is a proof of the truth of this account. I don’t think God “made” childbirth painful at this point but was really telling Eve that these were the natural consequences of sin. You are bringing a sinner into a “good” world, its going to hurt. Not only that but even though Adam was already created to lead his wife (as shown in the verse below) but because of sin, men will now dominate over women and treat them like slaves rather than equals. This was also a natural consequence of sin.

17 And to Adam he said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; 18 thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field.

-Adam committed two sins, listening to his wife into disobedience and eating the fruit. I said before that Adam standing by and doing nothing was not the first sin but rather this was one sin that had two major things wrong with it. Adam did not follow his created purpose and take the lead and prevent Eve from sinning. Because he was lazy, now his work will be painful and unsatisfying. Work in itself is not sinful, in fact, its what we’ve been created to do. But as a natural consequence of sin, man will never be able to get ahead or be satisfied. Because of our sinful nature, we seek to be like God and try to have it all. But no matter how hard we work and how much wealth, success, power, prestige that we obtain, its never enough. Why do you think the rich and famous commit suicide so much?

19 By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”

-This says that we will work hard trying to sustain ourselves only to drop dead in the end, all for nothing. No matter how much we acquire, its all dust in the end. To quote Ecclesiastes, “Everything is meaningless”.

20 The man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living.

-Eve is indeed the mother of all living. If you think about it, Noah and his family were saved in the flood. Noah’s sons were obviously related to him but their wives were not. This means that the most common male all mankind can draw our lineage to is Noah since the children of Noah’s sons and his son’s wives would still be related to Noah but the most common woman we can draw our lineage to is Eve. Were all related to Adam as well of course, but we are more closely related to Noah so it is not as fitting to call Adam “the father of all mankind” but it is proper to give that title to Eve.

21 And the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them.

-Where did God get the skin? He must have killed some animals to make them. This is the first example of bloodshed being needed to cover sin. The wages of sin is death and animals had to die in order to cover up Adam and Eve’s nakedness and shame. This would be the pattern throughout all time in dealing with sin. Abel’s sacrifice will be accepted by God because blood was shed and not Cain’s, Abraham and those who followed God would make alters for sacrifices, the Israelites will have sacrifice built into their very laws, and Jesus will ultimately shed his own blood to “cover up” our sins.

22 Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever—” 23 therefore the Lord God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken.

-What can “like one of us” mean especially considering God is talking to the other persons of God. God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are saying that man is now like them. Obviously it can’t refer to sin since God cannot sin so He must be talking about free will. God has free will to do what He wants so now we have free will now that we know that there is an option to defy him. In our free will, we will choose evil and suffer the consequences. God would never allow us to eat of the tree of life and live forever on this earth in sin without the consequences of death. We would be sinning without all the consequences of sin and that goes against God’s nature as being perfectly just. This was not a matter of compassion, this was a matter of justice, the consequences of sin must be suffered, that can not be ignored. Therefore we have to face death because of it otherwise God would simply blanket over and forgive all sin and there would be no hell. God being perfectly ordered and just can not do that. Either we accept that Jesus suffered on our behalf the consequences of sin or we suffer with Satan in the lake of fire and pay them ourselves for all eternity.

24 He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.

-This is the first mention of any kind of heavenly being besides God Himself in the bible. Cherubim or “Cherubs” seem to be used as guards and soldiers rather than messengers as angels are used. They are described in several places in the bible as having 4 wings, 4 heads, arms like a man, and they do not turn when they move because they have 4 sides like a square and can move in any direction without turning. This is how the cherubim had a sword “turned every way” because it is a being that is facing 4 directions at once. This begs the question that if a guard was placed on this earth, does that mean the garden can be found today? Most certainly not since it would have been destroyed in the flood had it been there. We see Cain and Abel make sacrifices to God and talk with Him so it appears the garden or some kind of connection between heaven and earth remained as it was afterwards. Since the tree of life exists during the millennium it could not have been destroyed. Therefore at some point in time after the last mention of God being accessible like a person before Enoch disappeared but before the flood God took the tree of life away or closed up the link between heaven and earth. But we are not given any of this in scripture, these are conjectures based on the information we do have.

Spanish words:

astuta = sly, crafty, cunning, astute
sino que = but rather, instead
agradable = nice, pleasant, agreeable
codiciable = desirable, covetable
delantal = apron, covering
esconder = to hide
andar = to walk, go, being something
engaño = deception, deceit, delusion
simiente = seed
espinar = to prick with thorns
túnica = tunic
he aqui = here is, here are
alargar = to extend, lengthen, stretch
labrar = to plow, cultivate, carve out
echar = to throw, throw away, pour, fire (job)
escendida = flushed, fiery, passionate, heated