Genesis 11: The Tower of Babel

1 Now the whole earth had one language and the same words.

-As pointed out last chapter, this event isn’t completely chronological with the previous chapter. The genealogy was given first in full before the event that lead to their spread over the lands. We are told last chapter that each son became a nation and had their own language. So it stands to reason that either during or just before the last generation mentioned in the genealogy is when this event happened which caused them to separate since they didn’t understand each other.

2 And as people migrated from the east, they found a plain in the land of Shinar and settled there.

-Shinar is likely an alternate name for Babylonia which is located between the Tigris and Euphrates in modern day Iraq. http://bibleatlas.org/area/babylonia.jpg

3 And they said to one another, “Come, let us make bricks, and burn them thoroughly.” And they had brick for stone, and bitumen for mortar. 4 Then they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city and a tower with its top in the heavens, and let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be dispersed over the face of the whole earth.”

-Interesting that they say that they don’t want to be dispersed. From the additionally genealogy below, we can see that Shem would have been almost certainly alive during this time given the ages everyone was when they had their children. So it seems reasonable to conclude that Shem, Ham, and Japheth told their descendants about God’s command which their son, grandsons, and great grandson collectively decided to defy. They seem to be deciding that they were going to make themselves great and build a great tower so high that’s it’s top would be “in the heavens”. The Hebrew word for heavens here “shamayim” usually means sky and given the plural form that is much more likely then the heaven where God dwells. I’ve heard this story told as people trying to reach God and I do think that’s an accurate interpretation just not in the physical sense. They were trying to reach God in the spiritual sense of being a great being that doesn’t need God. We still see this with the “accomplishments” of man today and our push to be a united world in peace. We certainly aren’t supposed to war with each other and we should tolerate one another but we also aren’t suppose to unite ourselves with evil and what goes contrary to God. This is why, for example, we should tolerate and we should not take any rights away from homosexual couples in terms of their ability to live peacefully on this earth but by no means, as Christians, should we accept this lifestyle as being simply “alternative”. It is alternative alright, alternative to God. This is God’s will and to accept homosexuals as morally equal is the same kind of evil that is being done here. We should not allieourselves with every nation regardless of what they stand for just for the sake of peace and cooperation because all that will happen is our morals will blend with theirs. This is something Israel was strictly warned against when they conquered Canaan and began their nations. They are told to completely wipe out the peoples there. Do not make them slaves, do not intermarry, kill them all or you will blend with their culture and do evil which is exactly what happened all too often. This is a pride problem that we still continue to struggle with as a people to this very day.

5 And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of man had built. 6 And the Lord said, “Behold, they are one people, and they have all one language, and this is only the beginning of what they will do. And nothing that they propose to do will now be impossible for them.

-Does this literally mean nothing will be impossible for them? Is God actually saying that we will be a threat to Him? God only means that our sin will grow greater and greater likely even worse than it was before the flood since we are united. Before the flood Cain and Seth’s lines were divided and they only started joining closer to the time of the flood which made mankind more evil. We must remember that sin is the exact opposite of God. To say that God “hates” sin is an understatement. God and sin repel each other like the same charges of a magnet. They are incompatible to one another. If we sin greater and greater, we will have less and less of God. God does not want us to bring hell on earth. He loves us and gives us a chance to turn to Him in this life. With a society that is truly to evil, we lose that chance. This is one of the reasons why the flood happened. God did not destroy us but rather saved us from being fully lost. Here we see he saves us from true death but scrambling the languages.

7 Come, let us go down and there confuse their language, so that they may not understand one another’s speech.”

-There’s that “us” again. Who is God talking about? Angels? We have seen one mention of a Cherubim but no mention of angels yet. God is again talking to His other persons of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. God is never alone and exists in three persons and as we saw in creation itself, it seems nothing is done by God that isn’t done by all three persons. God the Father issues the command, God the Son carries it out as the voice, and God the Spirit is what is sent out from God the Son to perform the work. This event is paralleled somewhat in the Book of Acts when the Spirit descended on disciples at Pentecost and they spoke in other tongues. Perhaps this was also what happened during this event. Perhaps the Spirit of God descended on them, confused their languages, and then returned.

8 So the Lord dispersed them from there over the face of all the earth, and they left off building the city. 9 Therefore its name was called Babel, because there the Lord confused the language of all the earth. And from there the Lord dispersed them over the face of all the earth.

-Twice between these two verses it says the Lord dispersed them over the face of all the earth. Surely given each family their own language did much to disperse them but the way this is written it almost seems like God did something else as well. Perhaps He guided them or gave them some kind of “instinct” to want to go to the places they went. One thing is clear and that is God did not let mankind carry out their free will in this instance. Mankind wanted to defy God and unite yet God would not let them. God essentially forced them to separate to where they had little if any choice. We’ve already talked about why this is a good thing of course but I point it out here as an example that while mankind certain has the ability to choose even when they choice is to not live a life honoring to God, our free will is far from absolute. God is still sovereign and so long as God is sovereign, which is forever, there can never be anything that does not happen without God allowing it to happen. Our free will is not absolute and we are beholden to the Master and Creator of the universe in the end.

Shem’s Descendants

10 These are the generations of Shem. When Shem was 100 years old, he fathered Arpachshad two years after the flood. 11 And Shem lived after he fathered Arpachshad 500 years and had other sons and daughters. 12 When Arpachshad had lived 35 years, he fathered Shelah. 13 And Arpachshad lived after he fathered Shelah 403 years and had other sons and daughters. 14 When Shelah had lived 30 years, he fathered Eber. 15 And Shelah lived after he fathered Eber 403 years and had other sons and daughters.

-This portion is a repeated genealogy from the previous chapter but it includes an additional bit of information that is important to take note. During Noah’s time and before, we see the men regularly living to at least 700 years old. Now with Shem we see him live to only 600 and Arpachshad and Shelah to 438 and 433 years old respectively. What is suddenly causing mankind to not live so long? There seems to be two explanations with merit: 1) Something has changed since the flood that is causing man to be less healthy which is speeding up the process of aging. Perhaps this is the same thing that changed the decay rates of elements which gives us inflated ages when carbon dating that suggest organisms as being millions of years old rather than closer to 10,000 which is the more likely age of earth given the biblical account. This would have been the layer of water in the sky which likely stopped existing at this time and would have been where the flood waters came from. An argument against this theory is that these effects on aging aren’t instant. Had this had such a profound effect on the lifespan of mankind, Shem would not have lived so much longer after the flood and every child born post-flood would have instantly had a lifespan comparable to today. 2) Genetic degradation is already taking effect over the generations to the point that mankind is no longer living close to 1,000 years and we are soon arriving to the point that brothers and sisters cannot marry and have perfectly healthy children. We already see in Abram’s time that he married his half-sister and there is no complication health-wise with Ishmael and Isaac that is mentioned. It might have been possible that had Abram married a full sister, there could have been.

16 When Eber had lived 34 years, he fathered Peleg. 17 And Eber lived after he fathered Peleg 430 years and had other sons and daughters. 18 When Peleg had lived 30 years, he fathered Reu. 19 And Peleg lived after he fathered Reu 209 years and had other sons and daughters. 20 When Reu had lived 32 years, he fathered Serug. 21 And Reu lived after he fathered Serug 207 years and had other sons and daughters. 22 When Serug had lived 30 years, he fathered Nahor. 23 And Serug lived after he fathered Nahor 200 years and had other sons and daughters. 24 When Nahor had lived 29 years, he fathered Terah. 25 And Nahor lived after he fathered Terah 119 years and had other sons and daughters. 26 When Terah had lived 70 years, he fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

-We continue to see the years mankind lives declining. Eber lived 474 years, Pelag lived 239, Reu lived 239, Serug lived 230, and Nahor lived 148 years. Many believe that in Genesis 6:3 when God said that man’s days will number 120 years that this was God declaring that the lifespan would shorten to a maximum of 120 years of age. We see this progressively starting to happen. To the point that now in Abram’s generation, its likely they have reached this 120 years limit. But as we discussed before, Genesis 6:3 does not say an average and people have been documented as living beyond 120 years of age. Not only this but ages continue to decline and it is only in more recent history that the average lifespan has gotten into the mid to upper 70’s with people living to be over 100 years old becoming more and more common.

Terah’s Descendants

27 Now these are the generations of Terah. Terah fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran fathered Lot. 28 Haran died in the presence of his father Terah in the land of his kindred, in Ur of the Chaldeans.

-Ur is located at the south end of the land of Shinar. It is likely that Ur was either a city or a named region of land within a greater region called Caldea. Elsewhere in the bible, Caldea is referred to as a region associated with Babylon so it would appear Babylon was the name of the people and of the nation but Caldea was the name of the greater region where they lived.

29 And Abram and Nahor took wives. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran the father of Milcah and Iscah.

-This is a confusing verse of genealogy. Firstly, there are two Nahor’s. There was a Nahor, son of Serug, father of Terah. Now there is another Nahor, son of Terah, grandson of the first Nahor. This would be the first time mentioned in scripture of the exact same name being used in scripture unless you count the similarities between Cain, Kenan, Canaan, and Tubal-Cain. Not only this, but it says this second Nahor took a woman named Milcah as his wife who just so happened to be the daughter of his brother Haran. So this second Nahor married his niece. Iscah would be both his nephew and brother-in-law. Given this is still early in mankind’s history and the numbers are likely still low, this probably was not uncommon especially given Abram married his half-sister Sarai.

30 Now Sarai was barren; she had no child. 31 Terah took Abram his son and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and Sarai his daughter-in-law, his son Abram’s wife, and they went forth together from Ur of the Chaldeans to go into the land of Canaan, but when they came to Haran, they settled there. 32 The days of Terah were 205 years, and Terah died in Haran.

-Pay attention to these last 3 verse in this chapter because its going to tell us something about the story in the next chapter as we shift our focus to Abram. These verses say Terah, Abram, and Lot and their families left Ur and headed towards Canaan but instead stopped in Haran and settled there instead. Why did they leave? We find out next chapter that it was because God told Abram to go to Canaan and leave his family. Abram disobeyed taking his father and nephew with him and in going Haran instead. Abram was told to go west but instead went Northwest along the Euphrates River and stopped at a point almost the same distance from where God was telling him to go as where he started. We are not told if there was some reason he wanted to around the territory which is now modern day Saudi Arabia and Jordan but we know that he did not go to Canaan like he was supposed to.

Spanish words:

acontecer = to happen, occur
hallar = to find
llanura = plain
ladrillo = brick
asfalto = asphalt
cúspide = top, summit, cusp
esparcir = to spread, scatter, disseminate
obra = work, dead, task, play
confundir = to confuse, mix up
nuera = daughter-in-law

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Genesis 9: God’s Covenant With Noah

1 And God blessed Noah and his sons and said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth. 2 The fear of you and the dread of you shall be upon every beast of the earth and upon every bird of the heavens, upon everything that creeps on the ground and all the fish of the sea. Into your hand they are delivered.

-I did not bring it up in my Genesis 3 study but its interesting to realize the parallel between what Adam and Eve are told when leaving the garden and what we as Christians were told when Jesus left Earth. We are told to “be fruitful and multiply” in both cases. Adam and Eve and now Noah and his sons families are told to multiply in the physical sense and Jesus tells us to multiply in the spiritual sense and make disciples. This commanded is repeated to show that despite everything that has changed about the earth, the command and mans purpose still applies.

3 Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you. And as I gave you the green plants, I give you everything.

-Here we see the first mention of eating meat. There’s reason to believe that mankind were all vegetarian before the flood and this is when eating meat began. Noah was commanded to bring “every kind” of food on the ark but that does not mean any of those clean animals were consumed. If there is no mention, we can’t assume. Given mankind’s sinfulness, it is hard for me to believe people didn’t try eating meat like the animals but this might be the first time it was not considered ungodly to do so and righteous individuals like Enoch and Noah may not have desiring to walk with God.

4 But you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.

-Now its saying don’t eat meat? No, God is saying, “cook your food before you eat it!” There are certainly many health reasons to do this.

5 And for your lifeblood I will require a reckoning: from every beast I will require it and from man. From his fellow man I will require a reckoning for the life of man. 6 “Whoever sheds the blood of man, by man shall his blood be shed, for God made man in his own image.

-These two verses seem to be saying, whether it is a person or an animal, anyone or anything that kills a man will suffer consequences. The word “reckoning” in English essentially means “pay back” or “eye for an eye” and this is how it is written in Hebrew. Whoever sheds blood, their blood shall be shed. Some have taken these verses to mean God’s condoning of capital punishment. We find out later in the bible particularly Romans 13 when Paul writes that God has given governments authority on earth so this would seem to be a reasonable argument. Regardless, there are certainly consequences to sin and there seem to be more severe consequences to murder, death, and war than any other sins which is why it is often regarded as “the worse” sin. All sins are equally 100% offensive to God and this is no degree; however, there does seem to be a difference in the effects and God is saying the effects of this sin, even to animals, is more severe on this Earth.

7 And you, be fruitful and multiply, increase greatly on the earth and multiply in it.”

-Whenever something is repeated in scripture, its important. This is our reason for being. Being fruitful or “successful” in life which recall God measures success by our willingness to submit to him not acquiring wealth and abundance (Remember Cain’s misunderstanding?), and having children. This is of course a general command and you are not sinning by not having children, but it is God’s greater desire for all mankind as a whole.

8 Then God said to Noah and to his sons with him, 9 “Behold, I establish my covenant with you and your offspring after you, 10 and with every living creature that is with you, the birds, the livestock, and every beast of the earth with you, as many as came out of the ark; it is for every beast of the earth. 11 I establish my covenant with you, that never again shall all flesh be cut off by the waters of the flood, and never again shall there be a flood to destroy the earth.”

-This is repeated because Moses is essentially saying, “Remember how I just said God made a promise not to do this again? Well when He said that He also did this that I did not mention earlier:”

12 And God said, “This is the sign of the covenant that I make between me and you and every living creature that is with you, for all future generations: 13 I have set my bow in the cloud, and it shall be a sign of the covenant between me and the earth. 14 When I bring clouds over the earth and the bow is seen in the clouds, 15 I will remember my covenant that is between me and you and every living creature of all flesh. And the waters shall never again become a flood to destroy all flesh. 16 When the bow is in the clouds, I will see it and remember the everlasting covenant between God and every living creature of all flesh that is on the earth.” 17 God said to Noah, “This is the sign of the covenant that I have established between me and all flesh that is on the earth.”

As children, we probably recall a picture of a rainbow and think that God made a pretty, peaceful symbol to show this bad thing would not happened again. I don’t think there’s anything wrong with that and that may well be part of it but what this passage is actually saying is God “hung up His bow”. A bow is a weapon, for firing arrows. God is essentially saying that He will not go to war with mankind in this way again. God has established a “ceasefire”. Does this mean that before this there were no rainbows in the sky? A rainbow is a refraction of light and its hard to believe the very law of physics changed and there wouldn’t have been small rainbows seen in the mist that came up to water the earth. The only other explanation would be if somehow this water layer in the sky that was there effected how light came down to earth to where rainbows would not happen. Regardless, giant rainbows in the sky would not have happened until this because it had not rained. The bible is clear that there was no rainfall before the flood so no rainbows in the sky. Because not much is known about what this water layer in the sky must have been like, its difficult to answer whether literally no one had ever seen a small refraction of life before and it could not be produced until after the flood.

Noah’s Descendants

18 The sons of Noah who went forth from the ark were Shem, Ham, and Japheth. (Ham was the father of Canaan.) 19 These three were the sons of Noah, and from these the people of the whole earth were dispersed.

-We will learn all about the Canaanites later but we find out here that they descend from Noah’s son Ham. The name Canaan means “lowlands” in Hebrew or could possibly mean “humiliated” and is a word used for a merchant or trader. In history, we know the Phoenician people are descendants of Canaan.

20 Noah began to be a man of the soil, and he planted a vineyard. 21 He drank of the wine and became drunk and lay uncovered in his tent.

-Many have interpreted that the atmosphere of Earth changed so much that there was no fermentation and therefore no way to get drunk before the flood. So it is claimed here that Noah simply drank to much “grape juice” not knowing it would make him drunk. If there truly was no fermentation before the flood, its still an assumption to say Noah “accidentally” got drunk. Noah may have discovered this and he felt good so he kept drinking it, so why not? There was no law or even concept of drunkenness and what the consequences of it could be. The term “planted a vineyard” suggests he knew what it was and what it was going to be when he planted it instead of simply experimenting with grapes. In the end, it is too easy to make assumptions so I believe it is wiser to simply read the story as it is written. The account just says that this happened. Noah planted a vineyard, drank to much wine, and became drunk. This is all we need to know at this time. Whether it was intentional or an accident, we know Noah, while righteous in God’s sight, was not perfect and inclined to sin just as all of us are. I do know that if I just spent a year on a smelly boat with animals and in-laws, I’d probably feel like celebrating being free of it myself. Archaeological findings have actually discovered signs of a vineyard dated possibly near this time near Mt. Ararat: http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-sites-places/biblical-archaeology-places/did-this-winery-get-noah-drunk/

22 And Ham, the father of Canaan, saw the nakedness of his father and told his two brothers outside. 23 Then Shem and Japheth took a garment, laid it on both their shoulders, and walked backward and covered the nakedness of their father. Their faces were turned backward, and they did not see their father’s nakedness.

-It seems Ham was what we would call “immature”. He saw his father in this state and must have found it quite the hilarious site. If this truly was the first case of drunkenness I can only imagine. But with Shem and Japheth we see something truly beautiful. We see them showing their father the utmost respect and they never even laid eyes on their father while covering him and taking care of him. Shem and Japheth had been raised well and most likely tried to live righteously like their father. Ham was more carnal and of the world. There are some commentators that have tried to imply Ham as having some kind of homosexual tendencies but that is a lot to assume from a single sentence in the bible. We are not told anything like that and so cannot assume something like this. It just says Ham saw him. It doesn’t say “curious” or “filled with delight”. The lesson is obvious that one should show respect for their father especially in a time of need instead of humiliating and make fun of someone else, especially your own father, for one’s own pleasure.

24 When Noah awoke from his wine and knew what his youngest son had done to him, 25 he said, “Cursed be Canaan; a servant of servants shall he be to his brothers.” 26 He also said, “Blessed be the Lord, the God of Shem; and let Canaan be his servant. 27 May God enlarge Japheth, and let him dwell in the tents of Shem, and let Canaan be his servant.”

-Many have grossly misinterpreted this passage as an explanation for why (and I’m quoting here) “black people are slaves”. This is so utterly idiotic that I feel dirty just bringing it up. Only in American and European counties in a specific period of time have “black people” been slaves. Not only that, there is an assumption that Ham or at least Canaan had darker skin given where it states Hamitic people settled. We are never told what any of these people looked like and what their genetic traits were like and skin color may have actually changed over time given the warmer regions they were traveling through. We know and can prove the concept of “micro-evolution” as fact which is simply the change in variation of a species over time. Perhaps in certain cultures, more black or more white was considered desirable and so this trait was bread depending on the culture whether intentional or not. Not only this but the Canaanites that are dealt with in the bible were more likely olive-skinned anyway and not black. Throughout all of world history, it was standard practice to enslave people that were conquered and this was considered normal. It did not matter who these people are or what they looked like, if you conquered a nation they become your slaves. When the more developed technologically Americans and Europeans went to Africa, they took the tribal people as slaves simply because they considered themselves better given their technology and education. It would not have mattered what these African people looked like. This very discussion about appearance is worldly and physical. This is part of the reason God destroyed life with a flood to begin with, because we were thinking in these terms. If what Noah stated to Ham truly was a prophesy about Canaan and his descendants then it was only that the Israelites, which are considered to be descendants of Shem, will conquerer the land of Canaan and take many of these people as slaves. It could simply be that just as Ham, Noah’s son, dishonored his father, Noah could have been cursing Canaan as one day dishonoring his father in the same way. In other words, “Like father, like son”. What kind of example was Ham setting for his son in not honoring his own father? It’s thought that descendants of Jepheth may be where “white people”come from given where his descendants settled and so its argued that’s what “enlarged” means in terms of technological success. But this has only been true more recently in world history. Babylon and Persia were the first two great empires more likely made up of descendants of Shem and we know ancient Chine had many wonders and advancements and Asians are considered more likely to be descendants of Ham. To assume this is a prophecy that Europeans would enjoy blessings in life is a stretch at best.

28 After the flood Noah lived 350 years. 29 All the days of Noah were 950 years, and he died.

-Noah living an additional 350 years after the flood is one of the reasons why I don’t interpret Genesis 6:3 as God declaring mankind would only live 120 years in total from now on. Otherwise, Noah would have lived a much shorter time afterwards. Being 600 years old when the oldest person lived to 969 would probably be the equivalent of Noah being 55-60 years old at the time of the flood at the youngest. So if suddenly lifespans were like they are today, Noah probably would have only lived 30 more years after the flood at most and died at 630 years old. This is why it seems more likely mankind itself was more genetically “perfect” and because of our genes lived a lot longer and it has degraded over time to the point of the oldest people only living to about 100 and very rarely beyond this today. It makes sense that we had much longer lifespans at this time so that we get multiply more and get a population on earth going much quicker. The differences with the planet before the flood still could have effected our height and other factors as well though.

Spanish words:

temor = fear
movar = to move
entregar = to deliver
legumbre = vegetable
derramar = to spill, pour
arco = arch, rainbow
señal = signal, sign
nube = cloud
embriagar = to get drunk, enebriated
hombro = shoulder

Genesis 6: Increasing Corruption on Earth

1 When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, 2 the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took as their wives any they chose.

-This is a very highly debated couple of verses in scripture in terms of what the phrase “sons of God” actually means. Many claim “sons of God” refers to angels and they are called this way in couple places in Job. We have not had any introduction to angels yet as of this point, only a cherubim, and everywhere else in the bible angels are referred to as “malach”, the Hebrew word for angel or messenger. If God is giving Moses this account and he is then relaying this to the Jewish people in the desert, why would Moses be suddenly talking about angels and so much heavenly history the people could not possibly know would all just be assumed. Not only that but why would an angel have sex with a human? Angels are genderless and while we do see they can take a form of a man, there is no point. Angels do not reproduce. We human beings feel sexual pleasure because we are designed that way for reproduction. In heaven, there is no gender and there is no reproduction. To say angels did what we do would be taking something heavenly and transcendent and bringing it down to our level. If these angels are “fallen” which we will address in the next couple verses, why would fallen mean they become men on earth? To believe all this requires a lot of explanation that we simply aren’t given with the exception of the account in the Book of Enoch which is not included as part of the 66 books in the bible. It makes no sense why God would allow angels to fall and corrupt His plan for mankind. The only reasonable conclusion that I can ascertain as to the meaning of this line is based on what we are already given; that Cain’s line became wicked (daughters of man) and Seth’s line included those that were more righteous (sons of God). Not only that but Seth’s line is the line that eventually lead to Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David, and Jesus. Since Seth’s descendants eventually became the Israels (God’s people) perhaps this is why they are referred to as “son’s of God”. These two verses are saying Seth’s line was not so righteous anymore and they began interbreeding with daughters from Cain’s line choosing a mate solely on attraction rather than anything relating to Godly character. We will see in a little bit that by the time Noah was 500 years old, everyone righteous except for him had either died off, become corrupted, or in Enoch’s case was taken away. Noah was the only one left because of the corruption of sin and interbreeding with Cain’s “fugitive” line.

3 Then the Lord said, “My Spirit shall not abide in man forever, for he is flesh: his days shall be 120 years.”

-It almost sounds as if God is talking about the Holy Spirit having extended the life of everyone at this point but this is not so. Going back to the Hebrew, the meaning of “Spirit” is the same for when God breathed life into Adam. This verse could read “My breath of life will not tolerate man forever”. The only question is if God is saying that He will be limiting any persons lifetime to no greater than 120 years. This is puzzling because there have been people reportedly living longer than 120 years to this day and we know anything said by God cannot be wrong. God is not given to exaggeration and it doesn’t say “average”or “typical”maximum. One possible theory is that this verse is saying that there will be 120 years before the flood and mankind will be wiped out and begin anew with Noah. We don’t know how old Noah was when he was told by God about the flood but we are told he was 500 years old when he the three sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth had all been born and the next time measurement we are given is that he was 600 years old when the flood started. It is possible based on the facts we are given that “120 years” means that Noah was told 120 years before it happened and before the last of his three sons were born and that’s how long it took to prepare. I cannot reconcile “120 years” meaning an age because everything God says is absolute. That must be the time between God’s spoken proclamation and warning to Noah, to the actual flood.

4 The Nephilim were on the earth in those days, and also afterward, when the sons of God came in to the daughters of man and they bore children to them. These were the mighty men who were of old, the men of renown.

-A large number of biblical authorities believe that “Nephilim” refers to Angels that fell to earth and interbred with mankind. As mentioned before, we are not given information and history to be able to substantiate this story. The only pieces of info we have is the word itself and the description of “sons of God” which are only referred to as angels in the Book of Job. The information we are given has to do with Cain and Seth’s separate lineage. We had a whole chapter and a half on this. The word “Nephilim” means “giants” in Hebrew but could also be translated as the plural form of “fallen” which would mean “fallen ones” or “the fallen”. The word does not say fallen angels though many taken it to mean this. We do know in later scripture that a third of the Angels in heaven decide to follow Satan but we are given nothing in scripture that says angels fell to earth and became men. Mankind if elevated to a status above the angels and have a special purpose in God’s divine plan even though angelic beings themselves are more powerful in terms of what they can do. Why would an angel, especially a fallen angel, be privileged to live a life as a physical man on earth? And if they did not have physical bodies but were spirit beings on earth, what need would they have to reproduce? As said before, the only source for all this information is the Book of Enoch which is not considered to be part of the bible by 99% of Christian denominations including Catholics. In short, we are making things up. We have to go by what the 66 books of the bible says and if any of this really happened, we aren’t given the information to believe it so there is no reason to make these assumptions. If the Nephilim were giants then there could be other reasons why they would be exceptionally large people. Perhaps they were a culture from Cain’s line that believed in breeding the strongest people to greet a mighty warrior race and so intentionally brought couples together who had great physical traits and size so that they as a people will grow in size. This would be nothing new as we saw examples of this as late as the Nazi’s during WWII. They believe the blond-haired, blue-eyed, Arian race to be the master race and eventually wanted no other race to exist except for these people. They loosely followed a philosopher named Neitche who is famous for declaring “God is dead” and suggested the sole aim of mankind should be improving itself as a race. This is a very natural thought pattern throughout human history that if we totally reject the very concept of God and consider ourselves as gods, then the logical conclusion would be to improve our race in a physical and worldly ways since that’s all there is. We do know that Nephilim are mentioned after the flood which those who believe they are spiritual beings like angels suggest perhaps they somehow survived the flood. To me, this further proves they are not one people but any race of people who follow this very common line of thinking throughout history and try to breed a race of giants or “supermen”. The Canaanites were giants because they were very worldly, one of the reasons God probably chose to destroy them. Lastly, the description “might men” suggests warriors with great physical characteristics all the more reason I believe they were bred that way and weren’t some kind of super angel-human hybrid beings. If the Nephilim were not wiped out in the flood then that would suggest to me that God failed and had a problem He couldn’t deal with. That sure doesn’t sound like God to me.

5 The Lord saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth, and that every intention of the thoughts of his heart was only evil continually. 6 And the Lord regretted that he had made man on the earth, and it grieved him to his heart. 7 So the Lord said, “I will blot out man whom I have created from the face of the land, man and animals and creeping things and birds of the heavens, for I am sorry that I have made them.” 8 But Noah found favor in the eyes of the Lord.

-This fits with what I explained under verse 3. Mankind had become more and more evil to where all there actions and thoughts were of physical, worldly things and nothing of God. Noah became the only one living left that still had a righteous nature like Enoch and (possibly) his father, Lamech, who did not think worldly. If people were breading to create physical giants, warring with and killing each other, then this would make sense. Things would have had to be VERY bad for God to decide to wipe out the whole earth. To say that things were bad because of fallen angels mating with humans seems to diminish the effects of sin and the evil of mankind which God just gave as the reason for his desire to destroy the earth. Yes, the Devil and demons are involved in temptation, this is true. But the Devil cannot “make” us do anything. To say that this is the fault of demons that caused the flood is no different than when Adam pointed his finger at Eve and even God for making her and then Eve pointing her finger at the serpent. Satan did not force Adam of Eve to eat of the tree, he merely tempted them into wanting to do it themselves. If there was any “coming into” of fallen angels into mankind then it was only to infiltrate the mind and tempt mankind to sin.

Noah and the Flood

9 These are the generations of Noah. Noah was a righteous man, blameless in his generation. Noah walked with God. 10 And Noah had three sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

-When describing Noah, the verse is not saying Noah was perfect even though some translations use that word. The word “blameless” in this translation is from the Hebrew word “tamiym” which means “complete, whole”. I think it may be accurate to say that this verse is saying Noah was a balanced person because he acknowledge God in his life, not that he did everything right and was perfect. The phrase “walked”with God is not literal and simply means he conducted his life in a way that was on the path God would want a man to be on in life. No one is truly a “good” or righteous man but we find out later in Genesis that God counts faith as righteousness. Hebrews 11:7 tells us Noah walked by faith in listening to what God was telling him even though it must have seemed preposterous because there had never been a such thing as rain before and not only that, he may have been told 120 years in advance! That’s a long time to wait on God.

11 Now the earth was corrupt in God’s sight, and the earth was filled with violence. 12 And God saw the earth, and behold, it was corrupt, for all flesh had corrupted their way on the earth. 13 And God said to Noah, “I have determined to make an end of all flesh, for the earth is filled with violence through them. Behold, I will destroy them with the earth.

-Have you noticed how many times in this chapter we’re told about how corrupt the Earth is. And each time, we are given the reason: the ways of the flesh. We are not told that the corruption is due to fallen angels, the corruption is due to sin. Not just sin but totally unrepentant sin. This is in here so many times its as if God has anticipated the future and made sure to include this extra times to make sure we get the hint. God is destroying the world, because of sin, because of people living by the flesh, for physical and worldly things, and not turning to Him.

14 Make yourself an ark of gopher wood. Make rooms in the ark, and cover it inside and out with pitch. 15 This is how you are to make it: the length of the ark 300 cubits, its breadth 50 cubits, and its height 30 cubits. 16 Make a roof for the ark, and finish it to a cubit above, and set the door of the ark in its side. Make it with lower, second, and third decks.

-What the heck is “gopher”wood? Interestingly enough, “gopher” does not refer to the animal, it is an untranslated Hebrew word because no one knows exactly what it is. It was either wood from a type of tree that went extinct (maybe in the flood) or a name the Hebrews used for a type of wood that has been lost over time. There are some who have spiritualized the information given here and claimed the dimensions given for the ark are also roughly the same proportion of a man and then tying that to Jesus as being our “ark” of salvation to survive the wrath of God. Nothing in the bible is incidental and has meaning, true, but it seems more likely that the dimensions are here to simply validate the story. One could, and people have, build an ark given the information here if we are to assume a cubit is the average length of a man’s forearm. Here is a link to one such build: http://www.today.com/news/life-size-noahs-ark-replica-draws-tourists-netherlands-2D79452166

17 For behold, I will bring a flood of waters upon the earth to destroy all flesh in which is the breath of life under heaven. Everything that is on the earth shall die.

-Notice “breath of life under heaven”. This confirms what we discussed in verse 3 about God’s “spirit” not abiding in man forever. Here it actually says “breath” confirming this interpretation for verse 3 that it is not the Holy Spirit prolonging life but simply referring to life itself as being God-breathed.

18 But I will establish my covenant with you, and you shall come into the ark, you, your sons, your wife, and your sons’ wives with you. 19 And of every living thing of all flesh, you shall bring two of every sort into the ark to keep them alive with you. They shall be male and female. 20 Of the birds according to their kinds, and of the animals according to their kinds, of every creeping thing of the ground, according to its kind, two of every sort shall come in to you to keep them alive. 21 Also take with you every sort of food that is eaten, and store it up. It shall serve as food for you and for them.” 22 Noah did this; he did all that God commanded him.

-An age old question is “How can Noah fit two of every single kind of animal into the dimensions given in the ark? That’s impossible!” Well, sure, it would be impossible if we are assuming he is bringing literally every single variation of every type of animal and that he’s bringing fully grown animals like that seem way too big like giraffes inside. But if we imagine he is to bring one kind of dogs and one kind of cats, for example, instead of every bread of dog and cat and that many of the animals he was bringing were young or even infants, then it all does indeed check out. It could definitely be done. We have had thousands of years for people to simply try out the details and it does indeed work. The only “problem” people will claim is how can you have every single variation of an animal and the answer is, he didn’t. We discussed genetic diversity earlier and how it has degraded over time. We can then logically conclude that it used to be greater and that every variation of every animal we see today was in the genetic code of whatever bread of animal was on the ark. Through generations of each animals, these variations came about. It might actually be possible that before the flood, there may have many variations of animals as well as people that we’ve never seen. Earth may have been even more diverse at that time. It is no wonder that we find strange fossils of animals or variations of animals that aren’t like anything we’ve ever seen and can sometimes be hard to explain. Maybe not every possible variation of life was saved on the ark but enough to give us the amazing diversity we see today.

Spanish words:

acontecer = to happen, occur

contender = to compete, contend, fight

gigantes = giants

antiguedad = antiquity, seniority, length

designio = plan

doler = to hurt

corromper = to corrupt

codo = elbow

anchura = width

pacto = pact, agreement, covenant

alimento = food

almacenar = to store, stock, collect

Genesis 4: Cain and Abel

1 Now Adam knew Eve his wife, and she conceived and bore Cain, saying, “I have gotten a man with the help of the Lord.”

-The Hebrew word translated as “know” is “yada” which really does mean “to know, gain knowledge”. In Hebrew, they describe sexual relations in this way. When you are intimate with someone, you really know them in ways you know no one else. The name Cain means “spear” or “possession” in Hebrew.

2 And again, she bore his brother Abel. Now Abel was a keeper of sheep, and Cain a worker of the ground. 3 In the course of time Cain brought to the Lord an offering of the fruit of the ground, 4 and Abel also brought of the firstborn of his flock and of their fat portions. And the Lord had regard for Abel and his offering, 5 but for Cain and his offering he had no regard. So Cain was very angry, and his face fell.

-Why did God like Abel’s offering but not Cain’s? There are 3 reasons I can discern:

1) Abel gave the “first-fruits” or the best of what he had while it just says Cain gave an offering, period, perhaps not the first-fruits, maybe just the leftovers.

2) Cain gave an offering from the ground while Abel’s offering was a blood sacrifice of animals. Abel’s offering was the shedding of blood which we just learned last chapter is necessary for the covering of sin. We as man have absolutely no standing before God and have no “right” to come before Him nor does He have any obligation to answer to us. Who are we that God should answer us? The reason being because of our sin. But if we have covered over our sin, then God may be more inclined to answer us. This is why He paid Cain no regard, working the fields and producing a harvest does nothing for his sin problem. This is why in prayer, we must ask for our sins to be forgiven. God does not regard simply doing tasks even if its for the church or for the poor. We can do all the best deeds in the world and live a life of toil for His sake but if we do nothing about our sin problem, then we still deserve hell. God cares that we turn to Him, not that we impress Him with our good deeds.

3) Going by Cain’s reaction after the fact, it would seem Cain did not have the right heart motivation in coming to God. Cain was looking for acceptance and perhaps even reward for what he offered yet he received nothing and he became angry. This means in his heart, he felt that he deserved something from God. This is never the right attitude to have when coming before God yet we so often do this. I myself have come before God essentially saying “look what I have done, can you reward me now with something I want?”. Small wonder I have not received it. Hebrews 11:4 tells us that Abel was considered righteous because of his faith. So Abel must have had the right heart-motivation when coming before God which is why God showed favor on him. Perhaps he did not expect a reward but saw his sacrifice as payment which is exactly what a sacrifice is. Later in Israel, it is established that all first-fruits belong to God. In actuality, all belongs to God yet He graciously allows us to keep the rest. It is the same with tithing, God owns 100% of what we have yet He only asks of Israel that they give 10%. It’s a pretty good deal if you ask me.

6 The Lord said to Cain, “Why are you angry, and why has your face fallen? 7 If you do well, will you not be accepted? And if you do not do well, sin is crouching at the door. Its desire is for you, but you must rule over it.”

-God seems to be telling Cain that if he tries hard enough he will be accepted. That the reason his offering was not received well was because he did not harvest enough food and put in as much work. But that is not what God is saying. We as man define doing well in this way in terms of financial and worldly success. This is never how God defines doing well. He tells us in the next sentence that sin crouches at our door when we are not doing well. “Doing well” to God is having faith and turning to Him. God is telling Cain that if he has faith and turns to Him, he will be accepted no matter what. But Cain sees it as God being unfair because of how much physical work he did. Because Cain is dwelling on physical things, sin is crouching at the door. He is not doing well. We see the horrible results of what that sin does in a few verses.

8 Cain spoke to Abel his brother. And when they were in the field, Cain rose up against his brother Abel and killed him. 9 Then the Lord said to Cain, “Where is Abel your brother?” He said, “I do not know; am I my brother’s keeper?”

-What attitude! Cain is displaying a defensiveness for what he’s done. He is definitely not doing well because he has let sin in and completely take control of him. How could Cain not know that God would find out? His anger must have been so great that he killed Abel without even thinking. I can picture Cain after the fact crossing his fingers, hoping that somehow God doesn’t find out what he did.

10 And the Lord said, “What have you done? The voice of your brother’s blood is crying to me from the ground.

-Abel is not only the first man to ever die or be murdered, he was also the first martyr. Abel was killed because he was a faithful follower of God and God showed favor on him. Cain persecuted him. We see throughout the bible that God seems to give special regard for martyrs. There is an interesting parallel in the Book of Revelation where those who were martyred during the tribulation cry out for vengeance and ask when the time will come and they are told to wait just a little longer. These martyrs are rewarded by getting to be resurrected and repopulate the Earth during the millennium along with the 144,000 Jews.

11 And now you are cursed from the ground, which has opened its mouth to receive your brother’s blood from your hand. 12 When you work the ground, it shall no longer yield to you its strength. You shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth.”

-Didn’t God already curse the ground? God seems to be literally stripping Cain’s passion of farming away from him as opposed to just making it harder like he did with Adam and all mankind. Since Cain is no longer a farmer, there is no reason for him to settle anywhere and he becomes a wonderer. It has been proposed that because he was somehow unable to farm, this is where the idea of cities eventually came from.

13 Cain said to the Lord, “My punishment is greater than I can bear. 14 Behold, you have driven me today away from the ground, and from your face I shall be hidden. I shall be a fugitive and a wanderer on the earth, and whoever finds me will kill me.”

-Who would kill him? Is he talking about his parents? It seems reasonable to assume that by this time Adam and Eve have had other sons and daughters that are younger but maybe even fully grown by now. It stands to reason they would all hate Cain because he killed their brother and want to take vengeance themselves.

15 Then the Lord said to him, “Not so! If anyone kills Cain, vengeance shall be taken on him sevenfold.” And the Lord put a mark on Cain, lest any who found him should attack him.

-Here is yet another example of God’s grace. Cain certainly deserves to die on the spot for what he did. Instead, God gives him a promise of protection ensuring he won’t be killed. Why would God do this? Why not let him fend for himself? This is God’s loving nature, the same nature we saw in the life of Jesus being seen out of the Father now.

16 Then Cain went away from the presence of the Lord and settled in the land of Nod, east of Eden.

-Didn’t Cain just get done lamenting that he would be a wanderer and a fugitive? Now it says he settled in some placed called “Nod”. In Hebrew the word “Nowd” actually means wander. So this verse is saying he went East and wandered. The phrase “settled in Nod” actually has come to mean a person who wanders around and doesn’t actually settle. In English, “the land of nod” has a double meaning as being wandering and nodding off as in going to sleep. So if someone tells you they are “going off to the land of nod” then that means they are going to sleep.

17a Cain knew his wife, and she conceived and bore Enoch.

-Wait, what wife? You mean he married a sister? Ewwww… There was nothing wrong in fact it was the way God designed us. One of the greatest physical proofs of the biblical account of one original man and woman we all descend from is the fact that over time we have witnessed a genetic degradation. Over time, we must be less and less related to each other or else there are diseases and complications due to a lack of genetic diversity. Or, we cannot conceive at all. This is true even amongst the animals. When Adam and Eve were created they were created as perfect humans with all the variations of human beings within their genetic makeup which eventually lead to the great diversity we see all over the world today. Different skin tones, facial features, metabolisms, body types, all of that was in the genetic code of our early ancestors but over time has degraded with every new generation. Brothers and sisters cannot have kids at least not with severe complications and even first cousins is a great risk.

17b When he built a city, he called the name of the city after the name of his son, Enoch.

-We aren’t given the information but there are a lot of reasonable conclusions we can draw from this. There would be no need of a city if not for the fact that there would have needed to be a lot of people living in an area and interacting for there to be a need of one. We don’t know how long Cain lived but its stands to reason he lived hundreds and hundreds of years like his contemporaries did. He may have had hundreds of descendants in this time and others from his brother Seth’s line may have joined his society. If the ground was truly cursed and Cain could not work the land, building a city was actually an ingenious idea to have others farm the land for him and he can specialize in another area and trade. It’s important to remember that God was not the one who said Cain will wander forever, that was not the curse. Cain is the one who said he would wander and be a fugitive. At some point, it appears Cain did eventually settle and build this city and an entire society that he was the patriarch of. This Enoch is not the same Enoch that was a descendant of Seth who walked with God but had the same name. The name “Enoch” in Hebrew means “dedicated”.

18 To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad fathered Mehujael, and Mehujael fathered Methushael, and Methushael fathered Lamech.

-The name Irad means “to sequester or fugitive” in Hebrew, the name Mehujael means “smitten by God” in Hebrew, the name Methushael means “who is of God” in Hebrew, and the name Lamech means “powerful” in Hebrew.

19 And Lamech took two wives. The name of the one was Adah, and the name of the other Zillah. 20 Adah bore Jabal; he was the father of those who dwell in tents and have livestock. 21 His brother’s name was Jubal; he was the father of all those who play the lyre and pipe.

-The first instance of polygamy in the bible. Adah means “ornament” and Zillah means “shade” in Hebrew. Jabal means “steam of water” and Jubal means “stream” in Hebrew.

22 Zillah also bore Tubal-cain; he was the forger of all instruments of bronze and iron. The sister of Tubal-cain was Naamah.

-Tubal-cain means “offspring of Cain” and Naamah means “loveliness” in Hebrew.

23 Lamech said to his wives: “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; you wives of Lamech, listen to what I say: I have killed a man for wounding me, a young man for striking me. 24 If Cain’s revenge is sevenfold, then Lamech’s is seventy-sevenfold.”

-We can see in Lamech’s declaration and decision to take more than one wife that Cain’s descendants became more and more decadent. Lamech decides that he needs two wives when no one else did and then he decides he will declare a curse 11 times stronger than the one God had placed on Cain. Not only that but he was the one who killed the younger man for “wounding him”. It doesn’t even sound like an attack, it sounds like it might have even been an accident on the young man’s part. What gives Lamech the idea that he can declare this even if he was attacked unfairly? It is as if Lamech sees himself as God. We are not told but it may be reasonably concluded that God chose not to have direct interaction with Cain’s descendants and so Lamech and others probably never got to “meet” God in the same way Cain had had interaction before his wandering. Since it is not in scripture, God placing the mark on Cain may have been the last interaction by God to Cain or any of his descendants. Lamech obviously did not know God to be living the life that he did.

25 And Adam knew his wife again, and she bore a son and called his name Seth, for she said, “God has appointed for me another offspring instead of Abel, for Cain killed him.”

-Even though this verse is after Cain’s line this likely did not happen after multiple generations of Cain’s line but some time shortly after Cain began his wandering. The name Seth means “compensation” or “substitution” in Hebrew.

26 To Seth also a son was born, and he called his name Enosh. At that time people began to call upon the name of the Lord.

-The name Enosh means “man” in Hebrew. As stated last chapter, there are 4 different words in Hebrew that mean “man” in English: adam, ish, enosh, and geber. Adam refers to the origin of man, ish refers to a “male” in gender, enosh is a man in the mortal sense, and geber is a man in the masculine, strong sense. When it says that men began to call upon the name of the Lord it means that men of Seth’s line sought after God. To “call” the name of the Lord doesn’t just mean to say His name but to actively seek him. Romans 10:13 says “whoever calls upon the name of the Lord shall be saved” but this doesn’t just mean whoever asks to be saved will, but rather those who seek Him actively will. This verse is saying that while Cain’s line turned away from God and became decadent, many of Seth’s line were actively pursuing God.

Spanish words:

oveja = sheep
acontecer = to happen, occur
primogénito = firstborn
agrado = pleasure, liking, agreeable
ensañar = to enrage
decaer = to decline, wane
semblante = countenance, demeanor, face
enaltecer = to praise
pecado = sin
voz = voice
sangre = blood
boca = mouth
errante = wandering
extranjero = stranger, foreigner
soportar = to stand
haller = to find
castigar = to punish, castigate

Notes:

1) Some of the meanings of names are not entirely clear but there are many who believe there is a code hidden in the meaning of names. For Cain’s line, the names could be translated into the following: “Man brought forth a teacher of the fugitive. The one smitten by God is a mighty man of God. A river flows forth, O’ descendants of Cain.” Whether this has any meaning is open to interpretation.

2) For an excellent sermon by one of the greatest preachers in the last two centuries click here: http://www.spurgeongems.org/vols10-12/chs708.pdf

Genesis 3: The Fall

1a Now the serpent was more crafty than any other beast of the field that the Lord God had made.

-The word used for serpent is the Hebrew word “nachash” which means snake/serpent and is used this way elsewhere in the bible including when Moses through down the rod and it turned into a snake. That word can also mean bronze but it would be reaching to claim that “nacash” means a “shiny bronze-like creature” because its used nowhere else. There is every reason to believe that this is really saying that some kind of serpent-like reptile was talking and he is later identified as Satan. He is referred to as a dragon in Revelation so its possible a magnificent dragon-like creature could be here since “serpent” is a vague term to describe any reptile-like creature. A possible explanation for why “nachash” could mean bronze is Moses in the Book of Numbers was instructed to put a bronze snake on a pole to prevent death from bites from fiery serpents and there have been many archaeological findings dated pre-Israel in Canaan of bronze snake statues so it is possible it was cultural to associate a snake with bronze. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serpent_%28Bible%29

1b He said to the woman, “Did God actually say, ‘You shall not eat of any tree in the garden’?”

-Here we begin to see Satan’s method for tempting us into sin. By asking this question he knows the answer to, it forces Eve to answer in a way that gets her thinking about the limitation. He is calling attention to something that we want. We human beings are naturally curious and want to learn, it is not sinful to want to experience this wonderful world God has created for us. Adam and Eve likely wondered why God would have put a restriction on this one tree. Satan has made Eve think about this by bringing it up.

2 And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat of the fruit of the trees in the garden, 3 but God said, ‘You shall not eat of the fruit of the tree that is in the midst of the garden, neither shall you touch it, lest you die.’”

-Eve seems to add here that they aren’t allowed to even touch it when that is not what God said to Adam. We aren’t told why she added this so there are many possibilities but we do know at this point there has not been a sin yet so we can say for sure that she was not lying and so she either interpreted what she was told in this way or was told this by God or Adam at some other point.

4 But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die.

-After isolating the desire in Eve he then puts a doubt in her heart by lying to her and giving her conflicting information.

5 For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

-Now he is trying to bring God down to a level below a human, claiming God to be jealous and insecure and that He is holding back on them. Satan has now taken a desire, put doubt to its source, and completely changed the situation around to the exact opposite of the truth.

6a So when the woman saw that the tree was good for food, and that it was a delight to the eyes, and that the tree was to be desired to make one wise, she took of its fruit and ate,

-Now that doubt was in her heart she decided to discern the conflicting information by using her own intuition since she did not know which source to believe. She used her own judgment and decided that it looked good, it did not look dangerous, and if it would make her a better person and more wise, how can it be bad? This was how the fall of man happened, relying on ourselves to decided the truth using our own judgment and intuition. This is why only faith can save because we can never fully rationalize our way to the truth because we are limited based on our physical existence to see all that there is. The only way to know the truth is to trust God. It was a free will decision to choose not to trust God that brought sin into this world.

6b and she also gave some to her husband who was with her, and he ate.

-This half of the verse implies Adam may have been with her the whole time through the conversation with Satan and stood by and did nothing. This would be a sin of omission in failing to do his duty as her husband and protecting her however this is not identified as the original sin and Adam was not tempted by Satan to do so beforehand that we are told. Therefore, Eve must have been alone and met up with Adam later before eating the fruit. Adam did not stop her from sinning but we are not given enough information to suggest Adam’s failure as a husband was the original sin. Before Satan spoke to Eve,there was no such thing as temptation yet either. Satan is the “father of lies”, he brought the concept into the world when he spoke to Eve. Adam may have had no understanding of what was happening before eating the fruit because he hadn’t yet been exposed to the concept of doubting God and temptation as Eve had. Eve ate of the fruit first and then handed it to Adam who ate it. This was the original sin. Does that mean its all the woman’s fault as Adam suggested? No of course not because Adam still chose to disobey God and Satan could have come to Adam and did the same thing but chose to come to Eve to further distort the divine order God had set up in husbands and wives. In the original sin, not only was there disobedience and pride, but the woman took the lead, the exact opposite of the roles God established. Satan’s aim is to defy God as much as possible and tempting Eve did more to spit in His face than would tempting Adam.

7 Then the eyes of both were opened, and they knew that they were naked. And they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves loincloths.

-As mentioned last chapter, there was no need for clothing because there was nothing to cover up and no desire to be ashamed of. Now that they had the knowledge that they can disobey God and live for there own desires, they felt ashamed. Now they had something to hide.

8 And they heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the cool of the day, and the man and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.

-Was God the Father really walking around the garden? As far as we know, God has no physical body yet He is described here as “walking” like a man would. We know from later in scripture that “no one has ever seen God”. The most anyone has ever done was Moses who saw the “back” of God. This being walking is identified as God not an angel or some other heavenly being. Therefore, the only person this can be is God the Son, Jesus, in pre-incarnate human form. Jesus was the one who walked in the garden with Adam and Eve and as the voice of God He did the Father’s will and gave them their punishments.

9 But the Lord God called to the man and said to him, “Where are you?”

-God obviously knows where they are but this is a teaching moment for Adam an Eve. We often play dumb for children when we teach them something and that’s what’s going on here. God wants to show them what they are doing at that their behavior is foolish.

10 And he said, “I heard the sound of you in the garden, and I was afraid, because I was naked, and I hid myself.” 11 He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten of the tree of which I commanded you not to eat?”

-“Who told you…”, God asks. Again, He knows the answer but this shows that we would not have even understood the concept of nakedness had we not been exposed to it. This goes along with the claim I made in the first chapter about mankind being totally incapable of creating anything new. We can’t “invent” the idea of nakedness or anything else. Since it did not exist in the physical world and was not revealed by God, “someone” must have told them about it.

12 The man said, “The woman whom you gave to be with me, she gave me fruit of the tree, and I ate.”

-It’s all her fault! Wherever there’s pride, there lacks humility. Now that Adam has this sinful nature, he refuses to admit himself a sinner and blames his wife. How horrible! Yet we do it all the time, don’t we? We do it with everything. We refuse to see our disgusting, sinful nature and everything is always because of some other reason. Might Adam not have taken the fruit if Eve had not been with him and handed it to him, probably not unless Satan came to him with the same temptation. But does that change the fact that he chose to do it? Of course not, Adam was compelled to was given temptation. We as mankind are completely incapable of resisting sin apart from the help of God, namely the Holy Spirit. Otherwise, we would always give in, always sin, and always avoid responsibility for our actions afterwards.

13 Then the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this that you have done?” The woman said, “The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

-God pays along for now and asks Eve who does the same thing. It’s the serpents fault! Notice how God asks Adam first and not Eve or the serpent first even though He knows everything that transpired. Why did he not go up to the serpent and ask him, “How dare you tempt my creations, curse you!” first? God is going in the divine order of His creation but asking the man first, then the woman, and then the beast. Satan went the opposite direction as the beast asking the woman who then lead the man astray with her.

14 The Lord God said to the serpent, “Because you have done this, cursed are you above all livestock and above all beasts of the field; on your belly you shall go, and dust you shall eat all the days of your life.

-Could this be the origin of why snakes crawl on their bellies and have no arms or legs? Doubtful since worms and many creatures do this and we aren’t given their origins. Not only that, if this is a punishment and everything God created was good, wouldn’t that mean its bad that other creatures crawl on their bellies? God is not talking to snakes but is talking directly to Satan. Why would God punish an animal being controlled by Satan because of what Satan did? God placed a “curse” on Satan which doesn’t necessarily mean its something that happens right away. We are cursed to die, but that does not mean we drop dead this instant, it just means that we will die at some point. Satan is cursed to be defeated in the future. In the Book of Revelation, we see the fate of Satan. He will be thrown out of heaven and cast down to Earth (crawl on his belly) and will ultimately burn forever in the lake of fire (eating dust). That is a worse curse than all livestock and animals who simply experience one death, and that it’s. He will feel pain for eternity.

15 I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and her offspring; he shall bruise your head, and you shall bruise his heel.”

-This is known in theology as the “Protoevangelium” or “The First Gospel” because this is the first prophesy of Jesus. In a culture that is always about the seed of a man, God says “her offspring”. Throughout the bible, the genealogies rarely even mention the woman unless it has some relevance. Why wouldn’t God tell Satan it will be a seed of Adam? This is in reference to the virgin birth. Jesus was born of Mary and the Holy Spirit as being both 100% man from Mary and 100% God from the Holy Spirit. Satan strikes at Jesus’ heal by killing Him in the physical sense on the cross but gives Satan a mortal blow to the head by providing a way for our sins to be forgiven. This mortal blow to the head will ultimately defeat Satan once and for all and cast him into hell, destroying him just as a crushed head would kill someone. A bruise is nothing but a pain that goes away. The pain Jesus suffered by taking on the punishment for our sins and being temporarily severed from God while unimaginable to us was only a bruise, He was not defeated. Satan will be.

16 To the woman he said, “I will surely multiply your pain in childbearing; in pain you shall bring forth children. Your desire shall be for your husband, and he shall rule over you.”

-I can only think of two instances where “pain” is not the direct result of sin. Childbearing and work. All pain is caused by something relating to sin, even disease. We would not have disease if not for sin corrupting the world. We would not have war, death. We wouldn’t even have indigestion if not for glutinous eating or eating unclean foods that are themselves diseased or a result of the corruption of sin. We would not have pain from aging because we would not age and be pulled towards death. We would not even get injured because no one would take a game to far or take great risks out of a desire for something. This to me is proof that these curses are real. Assuming a married couple who waiting to have sex until marriage and then conceived, there is no sin in the process so why have all the pain of something so beautiful as bringing forth life? Aren’t we doing what we are told by being fruitful and multiplying? This to me is a proof of the truth of this account. I don’t think God “made” childbirth painful at this point but was really telling Eve that these were the natural consequences of sin. You are bringing a sinner into a “good” world, its going to hurt. Not only that but even though Adam was already created to lead his wife (as shown in the verse below) but because of sin, men will now dominate over women and treat them like slaves rather than equals. This was also a natural consequence of sin.

17 And to Adam he said, “Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten of the tree of which I commanded you, ‘You shall not eat of it,’ cursed is the ground because of you; in pain you shall eat of it all the days of your life; 18 thorns and thistles it shall bring forth for you; and you shall eat the plants of the field.

-Adam committed two sins, listening to his wife into disobedience and eating the fruit. I said before that Adam standing by and doing nothing was not the first sin but rather this was one sin that had two major things wrong with it. Adam did not follow his created purpose and take the lead and prevent Eve from sinning. Because he was lazy, now his work will be painful and unsatisfying. Work in itself is not sinful, in fact, its what we’ve been created to do. But as a natural consequence of sin, man will never be able to get ahead or be satisfied. Because of our sinful nature, we seek to be like God and try to have it all. But no matter how hard we work and how much wealth, success, power, prestige that we obtain, its never enough. Why do you think the rich and famous commit suicide so much?

19 By the sweat of your face you shall eat bread, till you return to the ground, for out of it you were taken; for you are dust, and to dust you shall return.”

-This says that we will work hard trying to sustain ourselves only to drop dead in the end, all for nothing. No matter how much we acquire, its all dust in the end. To quote Ecclesiastes, “Everything is meaningless”.

20 The man called his wife’s name Eve, because she was the mother of all living.

-Eve is indeed the mother of all living. If you think about it, Noah and his family were saved in the flood. Noah’s sons were obviously related to him but their wives were not. This means that the most common male all mankind can draw our lineage to is Noah since the children of Noah’s sons and his son’s wives would still be related to Noah but the most common woman we can draw our lineage to is Eve. Were all related to Adam as well of course, but we are more closely related to Noah so it is not as fitting to call Adam “the father of all mankind” but it is proper to give that title to Eve.

21 And the Lord God made for Adam and for his wife garments of skins and clothed them.

-Where did God get the skin? He must have killed some animals to make them. This is the first example of bloodshed being needed to cover sin. The wages of sin is death and animals had to die in order to cover up Adam and Eve’s nakedness and shame. This would be the pattern throughout all time in dealing with sin. Abel’s sacrifice will be accepted by God because blood was shed and not Cain’s, Abraham and those who followed God would make alters for sacrifices, the Israelites will have sacrifice built into their very laws, and Jesus will ultimately shed his own blood to “cover up” our sins.

22 Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of us in knowing good and evil. Now, lest he reach out his hand and take also of the tree of life and eat, and live forever—” 23 therefore the Lord God sent him out from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken.

-What can “like one of us” mean especially considering God is talking to the other persons of God. God the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit are saying that man is now like them. Obviously it can’t refer to sin since God cannot sin so He must be talking about free will. God has free will to do what He wants so now we have free will now that we know that there is an option to defy him. In our free will, we will choose evil and suffer the consequences. God would never allow us to eat of the tree of life and live forever on this earth in sin without the consequences of death. We would be sinning without all the consequences of sin and that goes against God’s nature as being perfectly just. This was not a matter of compassion, this was a matter of justice, the consequences of sin must be suffered, that can not be ignored. Therefore we have to face death because of it otherwise God would simply blanket over and forgive all sin and there would be no hell. God being perfectly ordered and just can not do that. Either we accept that Jesus suffered on our behalf the consequences of sin or we suffer with Satan in the lake of fire and pay them ourselves for all eternity.

24 He drove out the man, and at the east of the garden of Eden he placed the cherubim and a flaming sword that turned every way to guard the way to the tree of life.

-This is the first mention of any kind of heavenly being besides God Himself in the bible. Cherubim or “Cherubs” seem to be used as guards and soldiers rather than messengers as angels are used. They are described in several places in the bible as having 4 wings, 4 heads, arms like a man, and they do not turn when they move because they have 4 sides like a square and can move in any direction without turning. This is how the cherubim had a sword “turned every way” because it is a being that is facing 4 directions at once. This begs the question that if a guard was placed on this earth, does that mean the garden can be found today? Most certainly not since it would have been destroyed in the flood had it been there. We see Cain and Abel make sacrifices to God and talk with Him so it appears the garden or some kind of connection between heaven and earth remained as it was afterwards. Since the tree of life exists during the millennium it could not have been destroyed. Therefore at some point in time after the last mention of God being accessible like a person before Enoch disappeared but before the flood God took the tree of life away or closed up the link between heaven and earth. But we are not given any of this in scripture, these are conjectures based on the information we do have.

Spanish words:

astuta = sly, crafty, cunning, astute
sino que = but rather, instead
agradable = nice, pleasant, agreeable
codiciable = desirable, covetable
delantal = apron, covering
esconder = to hide
andar = to walk, go, being something
engaño = deception, deceit, delusion
simiente = seed
espinar = to prick with thorns
túnica = tunic
he aqui = here is, here are
alargar = to extend, lengthen, stretch
labrar = to plow, cultivate, carve out
echar = to throw, throw away, pour, fire (job)
escendida = flushed, fiery, passionate, heated

Genesis 2: The Seventh Day, God Rests

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

-“all the host of them” everything that exists in the sky and in space was created at this time. Obviously, stars have burnt out, supernovas, comets, who knows what has happened but everything was set in motion and put in its place here.

2 And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.

-A simple logical question is, If God is…well…God, why does He need to rest? Was He tired? How can God get tired? God is doing this for our benefit. Long before the establishment of the Sabbath rest, God is showing us in creation that all living things have been created for a need of rest. We are given a model for a week, six days of work, one day of rest. Like I said last chapter, this is a model for the way things were intended upon creation and the way they will be in the new Earth. Sin corrupted the original model to the point that it is very hard and even impossible for many to follow this model of 6 days on and 1 day off. Here in Mexico, families would not survive if the men and sometimes the whole household did not do something all 7 days without rest. Like the ocean existing and eating meat, it is not a sin to not follow this pattern, but this exists as a result of sin.

3 So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation.

-the word translated as “holy” in Hebrew is the word “qadosh” which means “to be set apart for a special purpose”. God set the seventh day apart for a special purpose and to dismiss the idea of the Sabbath because we are not bound by the law as Israel or because we go to church on Sunday now instead of the seventh day of Saturday is foolish. God created things this way. Have you ever tried working weeks straight at a time? I have and I learned first-hand that we are not created to do this and doing so causes serious physical and mental health issues. The sabbath day and when to go to church should not be confused. There is no specific day given to when we should gather for Church, the early Christians started meeting on Sunday because the Jews continued to hold Sabbath services on Saturdays. It’s simply tradition. We do not need to switch our church days to Saturdays, its unnecessary. We should be gathering as much as possible anyway, not simply once a week.
The Creation of Man and Woman
4 These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.

-The word “generations” here means “history” not multiple generations. This word is used this way throughout the bible describing histories so we are not seeing a passing of generations, just 7 days. The word “day” in the second sentence simply means “age” or “the time” not one day.

5 When no bush of the field was yet in the land and no small plant of the field had yet sprung up—for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the land, and there was no man to work the ground, 6 and a mist was going up from the land and was watering the whole face of the ground—

-This is something I missed dozens of times over the course of my life, you just sort of skim right past it. These two verses are saying rain did not exist yet. It did not rain. Plants were watered by mist coming up from the ground. We also see the plants were intended to be cared for by man. They were not designed to trim and plant themselves, this is part of our job of subduing the Earth. If we don’t do it plants grow wild or do not grow at all.

7 then the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature.

-Why is it so important to point out that man became a living creature when at this point every other living creature was already made? There is a difference here, no other creation was given “the breath of life”. What this means is God did something in our creation different from everything else in creation, He gave us a soul. We are the only Earthly beings with eternal spirits and that is what the breath of life means. This is part of how we are in the image of God, we are Spiritual beings and not just physical like the rest of creation. This is what gives us the ability to be regents of the Earth. Other times the breath of life is mentioned is when Jesus breathed on His disciples and they received gifts of the Holy Spirit and also in reference to the scripture as being God breathed. Remember what I said last chapter about the voice of God being creation? God’s breath created something else AFTER we were already formed out of dust.

8 And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed.

-In the East means East of where the Hebrews were in the wilderness. We will see where in a few verses.

9 And out of the ground the Lord God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

-There is no reason in the world not to think of these two trees as literal trees with some kind of literal fruit that can be consumed. Nothing is suggested as poetic and the Hebrew words for “tree” and for “good” are the same used everywhere else. Not only this, but we know the tree of life still exists and the nations will eat of it for healing during the millennium. It is located in “the midst” of God’s paradise and has 12 kinds of fruit, one for each month.

10 A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers.

-This gives us some geography to prove that Eden was a real physical place on Earth and not only that, it was located at a higher elevation so a river can flow down from it.

11 The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

-Experts believe this is located in modern day Saudi Arabia at the Hijaz mountains. There is a dried up area where there used to be a river called the Kuwait River. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hijaz_Mountains

12 And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there.

-There really is gold in that land even today! There is a mine site there called “”Mahd edh-Dhahab”(cradle of Gold) that produces 5 tons of gold per year! http://www.mauenvios.com/trujillo2001/The_Lost-River-of-Eden.htm

13 The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush.

-the land of “Kush” is located in modern day Sudan just south of Egypt. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Kush

14 And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

-These rivers still exist today and flow through Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. Given these descriptions and the language of this account, Eden must have been a very large place like a country encompassing parts of modern day Saudi Arabia, Israel, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Iran and others. The garden of Eden was simply “within” Eden somewhere and the waters that flowed down to make these four great rivers also flowed in the garden, wherever it was.

15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it.

-Man was created to work. There are many who think heaven is simply us floating in the clouds and playing harps for all eternity. This will not be so. We will be doing tasks and working throughout time which to many probably sounds more like hell but as we see in the next chapter, the ground was cursed and work was made burdensome and painful. Work use to be pleasant. Don’t you ever feel proud of a job well done? Doesn’t it often seem better to keep yourself busy at times? Have you heard of people in relatively good health who retire and then end up passing away in a short amount of time? We were created to work but the curse will be removed in the new Earth so work will be enjoyable and fulfilling.

16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

-The first thing to point out here is the Lord “commanded”. He did not say, you have a choice, He said “Don’t do this!”. It is interesting that the man was not commanded to not eat from the tree of life which implies he was free to eat from it. We find out later that neither Adam or Eve did because it was kept from them. Also, this is the tree “of the knowledge” of good and evil and so it did not contain poison. Everything God created was good, including this tree. The knowledge itself is not evil, its what we do with it that can be.

18 Then the Lord God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.”

-It has already been established last chapter that man and woman are equal before God and are equally made in the image of God. At the same time, man was created first and woman was created as a helper. It’s very clear here that this is the purpose. Woman was created “for” man, not vise versa and not equal in the sense of authority and role. Before sin, we also see God saying that something is “not good”. That is not the same as evil or sinful, just that it lacked a goodness about it. Being alone is not good. The very nature of God in three persons means that no one person is ever alone: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. In the marriage relationship, men and women get to be together in a sense symbolic of God the Father and God the Son being united as one yet still different persons. Paul reveals to us in Ephesians that the husband role in marriage reflects God the Father’s role and the wife role reflects God the Son’s role. We would never say, with proper understand, that Jesus is “less” than God. Jesus is equal to God. In that same sense, woman is equal to man only she has a role to play of submissiveness to a man’s leadership. This to, due to the corruption of sin, is impossible to carry out all the time but this was the original created purpose. It’s important to keep in mind that being submissive is not the same thing as being lesser. Jesus’ submissive to the father’s will is what all Christians should strive towards. Submissiveness is the feminine form of love while sacrifice is the masculine form of love. God sent His son to sacrifice for us on the cross to pay for our sins which was the masculine act of love. Jesus carried out that will in perfect obedience which is the feminine for of love.

19 Now out of the ground the Lord God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name.

-Here we our seeing our new role as Regents of Earth in practice. Giving something a name means power and Adam is exercising His given power to name animals which was granted by God. Previously, only God had named things which also shows we are reflecting His image by doing something that He does. God created time and named “day” and “night” being that this is His domain. But the animals are ours.

20 The man gave names to all livestock and to the birds of the heavens and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him.

-We see that part of the reason God brought the animals before Him wasn’t just to name them but to teach Him something. He was trying to make Adam understand that he was missing something. Something was incomplete, and “not good”. God didn’t simply create Eve but he prepared Adam for her. He molded him into the man He wanted him to be and gave him his start and his purpose in life before bringing her before him. Adam had to know who he was before he can know how to lead another. I think this is 100% true today. I have seen it in my own experience that I have not been given my Eve and have had some bizarre, unexplainable instances surrounding women I have been interested in and things not working out to where it seems as if God has put up a wall and stopped me from proceeding further with anyone. The reason is that I am still learning who I am, what my created purpose is, what my future will be, where it will be, and until I know and see what He wants me to see, He will not send my Eve to me. Take heed single Christian men! You want to find her now? Then listen to God and what He’s trying to show you!

21 So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh.

-Why a rib? The Hebrew word used here is the word “tselo” which is actually translated as “side” elsewhere in the bible. A rib comes from the side meaning that a woman belongs at a man’s side, not in front or behind, not on top or below, but an equal, side-by-side. Once again, men and women are equal in value and worth, despite the differences in designed roles. Given the word meaning, this could be translated as God taking a part of Adam’s side, not necessarily just a rib.

22 And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man.

-I love the imagery of God, the Father, escorting His daughter down the aisle towards Adam and presenting her to him. I’d like to think that’s how it happened.

23 Then the man said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman because she was taken out of Man.”

-There are four words in Hebrew that mean translate to “man” in English. The one’s given here are “ish” for man and “ishshah” for woman. “ishshah” literally means “man with a womb”. So again, the same thing as a man, but different role.

24 Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

-And that’s where marriage comes from. Again this is the created purpose of marriage but the corruption of sin makes this not possible in today’s society. I can’t imagine a woman not going on her own and making a life for herself before marriage nor can I imagine a man waiting to leave home until he has met the right woman to establish his own household. If anything, the opposite seems to be true. Women seem to wait for a man to be well established before she would consider marriage seriously for the sake of security. This is not wrong or sinful, just not the way things were created to be before sin. We live in a broken world.

25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.

-Seeing as there is no sin and therefore nothing to be ashamed of, it makes sense that there was no need to cover nakedness. Today I can’t imagine being naked alone with literally “the most beautiful woman in the world” and not at the very least having my mind filled with intense lust and desire. But this is the effects of sin. Lust is a desire for something that we want. We want to feel good so badly that we will do anything to get that feeling. Without sin, without pride, we would not have a problem controlling ourselves in such a situation, the thought would not even occur. Selfishness causes us to lust to the point that we must be clothed to hide our shame of desiring the flesh for personal pleasure as well as our desire to be wanted by others by how good we look naked. We operate based on how desirable we look towards others and we can never look good enough. Without sin, there is no need for any of this. In the new Earth, we will be genderless like the angels and there will not be reproduction which makes me wonder if there will not be clothing in the new earth either. There wouldn’t be anything to cover up nor would there be a reason to.
Spanish words:

acabar = to finish, end
reposar = to rest
campo = field, countryside, campground
regar = to water, scatter, sprinkle, act rashly
polvo = dust
huerto = orchard, garden
brazo = arm
mandar = to command, mandate, order
idónea = suitable, genuine
profundo = deep, intense, profound
costilla = rib
hueso = bone
Por tanto = therefore
unir = to join, unite
avergonzar = to embarrass, shame, be ashamed

Genesis 1: The Creation of the World

1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.

-Quite a definitive statement, isn’t it? Doesn’t leave much room for interpretation. Right in the first verse we see the first instance of God revealing to us a “universal” truth rather than the mystery of how our physical universe works. We are not told how He did it and the science behind it, we are simply told that He did it and that’s all we need to know. Throughout the entire bible, mysteries are revealed that we can’t possible have a way of knowing because it is transcendent or above our ability to learn about and experience. This is what the Bible is for, not to tell us how atoms work, for example, but to reveal to us of God which we cannot know simply from our own experience. I believe the philosopher Kierkegaard claimed that one proof of God was that we could not possibly know Him without Him revealing Himself to us, that our very concept of God and everything we get from the idea of “heaven”, “religion”, “gods” is a result of God essentially putting this knowledge into play. We as mankind aren’t creative beings in the sense that we can create brand new things. Our ability to create and even imagine things is based solely on what we know and what we experience. As an experiment, I would like you the reader to try and imagine a brand new animal no one has ever seen before, go ahead try it. Chances you just imagined something with the legs of a horse, the snout of a dog, the wings of an eagle, the roar of a bear, etc. We can combine things we know into new combinations and we can call that creativity and art, but it is not TRUELY creating something new. Every alien in every Sci-Fi show looks like a combination of something that exists. Maybe it has tentacles like an Octopus, green like a reptile, teeth like a shark. Everything is like something we’ve seen. There is nothing new under the sun. If not for the revelation of God, we would have no concept of anything relating to “religion” at all.

2 The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

-“The Spirit of God” refers to the Holy Spirit instead of just describing God the Father due to the fact that it is revealed later that God in three persons has always existed and each was involved in creation. Not only that but the original Hebrew word that is translated as “hover over” could also be translated as “brooding over” much like a hen broods over her eggs until they hatch. This fits with the Holy Spirit’s role in causing the impregnation of Mary that lead to the earthly birth of Jesus. The role of the Holy Spirit in creation as well as in our Christian life is to nurture until we are ready to hatch. God is always the same and never changes, the work the Holy Spirit does in the creation is the same as is done to each follower of God.

3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.

-Creation was not done by hands, but by words. God spoke, then it happened. This is how God always does things, through words. We will see through the entire bible God speaking and then something is created and given order. We are told in John 1 that in the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God. Jesus is the word and the role of the Son in creation is to be those words spoken that created the world. Jesus claimed to have created all things and I don’t think He just said that because He was also God but also too because His role in creation was the literal physical creation of the universe as being the word sent out from the mouth of God. Jesus’ ministry on Earth was to be the word of God doing what He was told to do. The Son is always sent out and has no will of His own no more than a voice from our mouths can defy what we intend to say. Jesus is the voice of God. This is what every Christian must seek to be transformed into, the voice of God, straight from the mouth to those who need to hear.

4 And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness.

-Here we see a major characteristic of God that is often overlooked, He is the God of “order”. We see an empty and dark chaotic void and out of that, God creates order and separates the dark from the light. He still does this to this day, separating the dark from the light in our lives if we only allow Him.

5 God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.

-Note that evening comes first, then morning. This is a biblical day. A day does not begin in the morning even though that’s what we have been accustomed to in our culture.

6 And God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.”

-Interesting that there is waters in the sky. Is this just describing how clouds have water? But it did not rain before Noah. Therefore the atmosphere must have had literal water in the sky that would have effected the health of all living beings in a positive way causing us to live longer, for reptiles to grow larger, and the decay rates of elements would not have been the same. This explains why Carbon dating puts Earth and the Universe at being billions of years old rather than a few thousand as the bible tends to suggest. Earth itself fundamentally changed at one point from its original creation.

7 And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so.

-God is separating the ocean from the sky and the expanse is, well, the air. It sounds to me as if the Earth really was flat until this happened which gave Earth it’s globe shape. We see everything in nature is ultimately a perfect sphere, right down to the atom, or even the nucleus of an atom. I believe a sphere symbolizes the order of God.

8 And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.

-Heaven here does not refer to the afterlife Heaven but simply the sky. Heaven was created in verse 1. We are given no time frame as to when and how soon before our world it was created probably because there was no time. Time itself is a concept invented for our physical universe and does not exist in heaven, hence how heaven can be eternal. Time doesn’t go on forever, there simply isn’t a such thing as time in heaven. In fact, time is invented in verse 5.

9 And God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so. 10 God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.

-The ocean is beautiful isn’t it? It’s hard to imagine but the ocean itself is chaotic and unordered. We are given a description of the new Earth in the book of Revelation as being a place where there are only rivers and not vast oceans. God considers this “good”. There is reason to believe that there were no oceans before the flood and that the water in the sky all came down with the flood and that created oceans, giving us a hybrid ordered an unordered world. We are told throughout the bible that the Earth is groaning in birth pangs, implying that it is not yet done. Earth’s creation still isn’t complete and as originally intended because of sin. The oceans existing is one example of this.

11 And God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, on the earth.” And it was so. 12 The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their own kinds, and trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, the third day.

-“according to its kind” is repeated many times in Genesis 1. I almost feel like this was God anticipating the theory of evolution and was emphasizing that there was not one proto-plant that all plants come from but that each species of vegetation was created as its own kind. This is orderly. Trees cannot turn into bushes. Apples cannot turn into Venus fly traps (Although that would be kind of awesome). The potential to do so would truly be chaotic.

14 And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. 16 And God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars. 17 And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.

-Here we see, the creation of the concept of time. It was created here, that is why it does not exist in heaven and why God is not beholden to it.

20 And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.” 21 So God created the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

-Well the evolutionists are right about something, sea creatures did come first before land creatures. No only that but vegetation and micro-organisms came before that. Interesting that science has shown that the order of creation which may appear on the outside to be random just so happens to be the order that science has determined that individual forms of life appeared. This is no coincidence. If the bible were written by a man then it makes sense he would start with man before the other forms of life or would order events from biggest to smallest. But this is not so. How can you have vegetation before planets and stars? The order of creation can only have come from God.

22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day.

-God creates life. It fits that what he creates is something that can replicate and create more life. We as Christians are supposed to replicate, spreading the Gospel and creating new life, eternal life. This has always been the work of God going back to creation.

24 And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so. 25 And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

-There’s that “according to their kind” again. Why is that there so many times? Why couldn’t it simply say “then God made each type of animal” and leave it at that? What is that necessary. I feel like the creation account was written specifically for evolutionists 5000 years ahead of time. Anyone who accepts the view that many both creationism and evolution are true and maybe evolution is how God “did it” have a lot to answer for here. Here created them on this day according to their kind. Not over thousands of years, but on this one day clearly spelled out as being evening and morning, one day. Notice how it emphasizes “one day” each time as well. There is no excuse but willful rebellion not to accept the creation account as written.

26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

-What’s this “our image”. Isn’t God alone? What a mystery this must have been to the Hebrews in the wilderness reading this for the first time. Not only that, but the Hebrew word for God is “Elohim” which is a plural word. God is described as more than one person in His very name. God is not talking about the angels and other created beings in heaven when he says “our” and “us”. We are not like the Angels, or Cherubim, or anything else. But we are like God in that we have a body, mind, and soul and we are able to do the work of God and be His “voice”. The pluralness refers to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Everything good reflects the divine order of God and we are no exception.

27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.

-Hear that chauvinists? Both male and female are equally created in God’s image. They both reflect God. In terms of value and worth, man and woman are completely equal.

28 And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”

-The words “subdue” and “have dominion” are the Hebrew words “Kevesh” and “radah” respectively. Kevesh does mean to control and have dominion over but the word radah has a deeper meaning of ruling in the sense of a benevolent ruler coming down and being amongst His subjects. God descended down to be among us and we are commanded to do the same with His creation. So we are not being told to use up every resource and have total disregard towards animals. Yes we have a right to kill animals and cut down some trees, but there implies a certain responsibility and stewardship for our environment, not tyranny. We reflect the image of God when we act as conservationists, otherwise we reflect the image of a virus and consume everything unrepentantly.

29 And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food.30 And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so.

-Note here that we are told to eat plants, not animals. I’m not saying we all should be vegetarians right now, but this is how things were created. Just like how we have oceans now even though they aren’t how things were originally created to be, we also eat meat now. We are not sinning no more than it is a sin that oceans exist, but it does reflect the corruption of sin. It is a result of what sin has done to the world. We will go back to eating all vegetation in the new earth just as how creation was originally intended.

31 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

-Everything that is created is good. So that includes even drugs and alcohol. No substance itself is evil but rather it’s what we do with it. We sin when we abuse these substances. To blame the substances as an evil is to deny responsibility for one’s actions.

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Spanish words:

Vacía = void, empty
tinieblas = dark, shadow, confusion, ignorance
juntar = to bring together, put together, collect
descubrir = to discover, invent, reveal, uncover
seco = dry
género = gender, type, kind
lumbrera = genius, light
señalar = to show, point out, mark
alumbrar = to light up, give birth
llenar = to fill
señorer = to control, rule
arrastrar = to drag, sweep, brush
sojuzgar = to subdue, conquer, subjugate