Genesis 2: The Seventh Day, God Rests

1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the host of them.

-“all the host of them” everything that exists in the sky and in space was created at this time. Obviously, stars have burnt out, supernovas, comets, who knows what has happened but everything was set in motion and put in its place here.

2 And on the seventh day God finished his work that he had done, and he rested on the seventh day from all his work that he had done.

-A simple logical question is, If God is…well…God, why does He need to rest? Was He tired? How can God get tired? God is doing this for our benefit. Long before the establishment of the Sabbath rest, God is showing us in creation that all living things have been created for a need of rest. We are given a model for a week, six days of work, one day of rest. Like I said last chapter, this is a model for the way things were intended upon creation and the way they will be in the new Earth. Sin corrupted the original model to the point that it is very hard and even impossible for many to follow this model of 6 days on and 1 day off. Here in Mexico, families would not survive if the men and sometimes the whole household did not do something all 7 days without rest. Like the ocean existing and eating meat, it is not a sin to not follow this pattern, but this exists as a result of sin.

3 So God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on it God rested from all his work that he had done in creation.

-the word translated as “holy” in Hebrew is the word “qadosh” which means “to be set apart for a special purpose”. God set the seventh day apart for a special purpose and to dismiss the idea of the Sabbath because we are not bound by the law as Israel or because we go to church on Sunday now instead of the seventh day of Saturday is foolish. God created things this way. Have you ever tried working weeks straight at a time? I have and I learned first-hand that we are not created to do this and doing so causes serious physical and mental health issues. The sabbath day and when to go to church should not be confused. There is no specific day given to when we should gather for Church, the early Christians started meeting on Sunday because the Jews continued to hold Sabbath services on Saturdays. It’s simply tradition. We do not need to switch our church days to Saturdays, its unnecessary. We should be gathering as much as possible anyway, not simply once a week.
The Creation of Man and Woman
4 These are the generations of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens.

-The word “generations” here means “history” not multiple generations. This word is used this way throughout the bible describing histories so we are not seeing a passing of generations, just 7 days. The word “day” in the second sentence simply means “age” or “the time” not one day.

5 When no bush of the field was yet in the land and no small plant of the field had yet sprung up—for the Lord God had not caused it to rain on the land, and there was no man to work the ground, 6 and a mist was going up from the land and was watering the whole face of the ground—

-This is something I missed dozens of times over the course of my life, you just sort of skim right past it. These two verses are saying rain did not exist yet. It did not rain. Plants were watered by mist coming up from the ground. We also see the plants were intended to be cared for by man. They were not designed to trim and plant themselves, this is part of our job of subduing the Earth. If we don’t do it plants grow wild or do not grow at all.

7 then the Lord God formed the man of dust from the ground and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life, and the man became a living creature.

-Why is it so important to point out that man became a living creature when at this point every other living creature was already made? There is a difference here, no other creation was given “the breath of life”. What this means is God did something in our creation different from everything else in creation, He gave us a soul. We are the only Earthly beings with eternal spirits and that is what the breath of life means. This is part of how we are in the image of God, we are Spiritual beings and not just physical like the rest of creation. This is what gives us the ability to be regents of the Earth. Other times the breath of life is mentioned is when Jesus breathed on His disciples and they received gifts of the Holy Spirit and also in reference to the scripture as being God breathed. Remember what I said last chapter about the voice of God being creation? God’s breath created something else AFTER we were already formed out of dust.

8 And the Lord God planted a garden in Eden, in the east, and there he put the man whom he had formed.

-In the East means East of where the Hebrews were in the wilderness. We will see where in a few verses.

9 And out of the ground the Lord God made to spring up every tree that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. The tree of life was in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and evil.

-There is no reason in the world not to think of these two trees as literal trees with some kind of literal fruit that can be consumed. Nothing is suggested as poetic and the Hebrew words for “tree” and for “good” are the same used everywhere else. Not only this, but we know the tree of life still exists and the nations will eat of it for healing during the millennium. It is located in “the midst” of God’s paradise and has 12 kinds of fruit, one for each month.

10 A river flowed out of Eden to water the garden, and there it divided and became four rivers.

-This gives us some geography to prove that Eden was a real physical place on Earth and not only that, it was located at a higher elevation so a river can flow down from it.

11 The name of the first is the Pishon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold.

-Experts believe this is located in modern day Saudi Arabia at the Hijaz mountains. There is a dried up area where there used to be a river called the Kuwait River. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hijaz_Mountains

12 And the gold of that land is good; bdellium and onyx stone are there.

-There really is gold in that land even today! There is a mine site there called “”Mahd edh-Dhahab”(cradle of Gold) that produces 5 tons of gold per year! http://www.mauenvios.com/trujillo2001/The_Lost-River-of-Eden.htm

13 The name of the second river is the Gihon. It is the one that flowed around the whole land of Cush.

-the land of “Kush” is located in modern day Sudan just south of Egypt. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Kush

14 And the name of the third river is the Tigris, which flows east of Assyria. And the fourth river is the Euphrates.

-These rivers still exist today and flow through Turkey, Syria, and Iraq. Given these descriptions and the language of this account, Eden must have been a very large place like a country encompassing parts of modern day Saudi Arabia, Israel, Syria, Iraq, Turkey, Iran and others. The garden of Eden was simply “within” Eden somewhere and the waters that flowed down to make these four great rivers also flowed in the garden, wherever it was.

15 The Lord God took the man and put him in the garden of Eden to work it and keep it.

-Man was created to work. There are many who think heaven is simply us floating in the clouds and playing harps for all eternity. This will not be so. We will be doing tasks and working throughout time which to many probably sounds more like hell but as we see in the next chapter, the ground was cursed and work was made burdensome and painful. Work use to be pleasant. Don’t you ever feel proud of a job well done? Doesn’t it often seem better to keep yourself busy at times? Have you heard of people in relatively good health who retire and then end up passing away in a short amount of time? We were created to work but the curse will be removed in the new Earth so work will be enjoyable and fulfilling.

16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “You may surely eat of every tree of the garden, 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it you shall surely die.”

-The first thing to point out here is the Lord “commanded”. He did not say, you have a choice, He said “Don’t do this!”. It is interesting that the man was not commanded to not eat from the tree of life which implies he was free to eat from it. We find out later that neither Adam or Eve did because it was kept from them. Also, this is the tree “of the knowledge” of good and evil and so it did not contain poison. Everything God created was good, including this tree. The knowledge itself is not evil, its what we do with it that can be.

18 Then the Lord God said, “It is not good that the man should be alone; I will make him a helper fit for him.”

-It has already been established last chapter that man and woman are equal before God and are equally made in the image of God. At the same time, man was created first and woman was created as a helper. It’s very clear here that this is the purpose. Woman was created “for” man, not vise versa and not equal in the sense of authority and role. Before sin, we also see God saying that something is “not good”. That is not the same as evil or sinful, just that it lacked a goodness about it. Being alone is not good. The very nature of God in three persons means that no one person is ever alone: Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. In the marriage relationship, men and women get to be together in a sense symbolic of God the Father and God the Son being united as one yet still different persons. Paul reveals to us in Ephesians that the husband role in marriage reflects God the Father’s role and the wife role reflects God the Son’s role. We would never say, with proper understand, that Jesus is “less” than God. Jesus is equal to God. In that same sense, woman is equal to man only she has a role to play of submissiveness to a man’s leadership. This to, due to the corruption of sin, is impossible to carry out all the time but this was the original created purpose. It’s important to keep in mind that being submissive is not the same thing as being lesser. Jesus’ submissive to the father’s will is what all Christians should strive towards. Submissiveness is the feminine form of love while sacrifice is the masculine form of love. God sent His son to sacrifice for us on the cross to pay for our sins which was the masculine act of love. Jesus carried out that will in perfect obedience which is the feminine for of love.

19 Now out of the ground the Lord God had formed every beast of the field and every bird of the heavens and brought them to the man to see what he would call them. And whatever the man called every living creature, that was its name.

-Here we our seeing our new role as Regents of Earth in practice. Giving something a name means power and Adam is exercising His given power to name animals which was granted by God. Previously, only God had named things which also shows we are reflecting His image by doing something that He does. God created time and named “day” and “night” being that this is His domain. But the animals are ours.

20 The man gave names to all livestock and to the birds of the heavens and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper fit for him.

-We see that part of the reason God brought the animals before Him wasn’t just to name them but to teach Him something. He was trying to make Adam understand that he was missing something. Something was incomplete, and “not good”. God didn’t simply create Eve but he prepared Adam for her. He molded him into the man He wanted him to be and gave him his start and his purpose in life before bringing her before him. Adam had to know who he was before he can know how to lead another. I think this is 100% true today. I have seen it in my own experience that I have not been given my Eve and have had some bizarre, unexplainable instances surrounding women I have been interested in and things not working out to where it seems as if God has put up a wall and stopped me from proceeding further with anyone. The reason is that I am still learning who I am, what my created purpose is, what my future will be, where it will be, and until I know and see what He wants me to see, He will not send my Eve to me. Take heed single Christian men! You want to find her now? Then listen to God and what He’s trying to show you!

21 So the Lord God caused a deep sleep to fall upon the man, and while he slept took one of his ribs and closed up its place with flesh.

-Why a rib? The Hebrew word used here is the word “tselo” which is actually translated as “side” elsewhere in the bible. A rib comes from the side meaning that a woman belongs at a man’s side, not in front or behind, not on top or below, but an equal, side-by-side. Once again, men and women are equal in value and worth, despite the differences in designed roles. Given the word meaning, this could be translated as God taking a part of Adam’s side, not necessarily just a rib.

22 And the rib that the Lord God had taken from the man he made into a woman and brought her to the man.

-I love the imagery of God, the Father, escorting His daughter down the aisle towards Adam and presenting her to him. I’d like to think that’s how it happened.

23 Then the man said, “This at last is bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called Woman because she was taken out of Man.”

-There are four words in Hebrew that mean translate to “man” in English. The one’s given here are “ish” for man and “ishshah” for woman. “ishshah” literally means “man with a womb”. So again, the same thing as a man, but different role.

24 Therefore a man shall leave his father and his mother and hold fast to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

-And that’s where marriage comes from. Again this is the created purpose of marriage but the corruption of sin makes this not possible in today’s society. I can’t imagine a woman not going on her own and making a life for herself before marriage nor can I imagine a man waiting to leave home until he has met the right woman to establish his own household. If anything, the opposite seems to be true. Women seem to wait for a man to be well established before she would consider marriage seriously for the sake of security. This is not wrong or sinful, just not the way things were created to be before sin. We live in a broken world.

25 And the man and his wife were both naked and were not ashamed.

-Seeing as there is no sin and therefore nothing to be ashamed of, it makes sense that there was no need to cover nakedness. Today I can’t imagine being naked alone with literally “the most beautiful woman in the world” and not at the very least having my mind filled with intense lust and desire. But this is the effects of sin. Lust is a desire for something that we want. We want to feel good so badly that we will do anything to get that feeling. Without sin, without pride, we would not have a problem controlling ourselves in such a situation, the thought would not even occur. Selfishness causes us to lust to the point that we must be clothed to hide our shame of desiring the flesh for personal pleasure as well as our desire to be wanted by others by how good we look naked. We operate based on how desirable we look towards others and we can never look good enough. Without sin, there is no need for any of this. In the new Earth, we will be genderless like the angels and there will not be reproduction which makes me wonder if there will not be clothing in the new earth either. There wouldn’t be anything to cover up nor would there be a reason to.
Spanish words:

acabar = to finish, end
reposar = to rest
campo = field, countryside, campground
regar = to water, scatter, sprinkle, act rashly
polvo = dust
huerto = orchard, garden
brazo = arm
mandar = to command, mandate, order
idónea = suitable, genuine
profundo = deep, intense, profound
costilla = rib
hueso = bone
Por tanto = therefore
unir = to join, unite
avergonzar = to embarrass, shame, be ashamed

Genesis 1: The Creation of the World

1 In the beginning, God created the heavens and the earth.

-Quite a definitive statement, isn’t it? Doesn’t leave much room for interpretation. Right in the first verse we see the first instance of God revealing to us a “universal” truth rather than the mystery of how our physical universe works. We are not told how He did it and the science behind it, we are simply told that He did it and that’s all we need to know. Throughout the entire bible, mysteries are revealed that we can’t possible have a way of knowing because it is transcendent or above our ability to learn about and experience. This is what the Bible is for, not to tell us how atoms work, for example, but to reveal to us of God which we cannot know simply from our own experience. I believe the philosopher Kierkegaard claimed that one proof of God was that we could not possibly know Him without Him revealing Himself to us, that our very concept of God and everything we get from the idea of “heaven”, “religion”, “gods” is a result of God essentially putting this knowledge into play. We as mankind aren’t creative beings in the sense that we can create brand new things. Our ability to create and even imagine things is based solely on what we know and what we experience. As an experiment, I would like you the reader to try and imagine a brand new animal no one has ever seen before, go ahead try it. Chances you just imagined something with the legs of a horse, the snout of a dog, the wings of an eagle, the roar of a bear, etc. We can combine things we know into new combinations and we can call that creativity and art, but it is not TRUELY creating something new. Every alien in every Sci-Fi show looks like a combination of something that exists. Maybe it has tentacles like an Octopus, green like a reptile, teeth like a shark. Everything is like something we’ve seen. There is nothing new under the sun. If not for the revelation of God, we would have no concept of anything relating to “religion” at all.

2 The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

-“The Spirit of God” refers to the Holy Spirit instead of just describing God the Father due to the fact that it is revealed later that God in three persons has always existed and each was involved in creation. Not only that but the original Hebrew word that is translated as “hover over” could also be translated as “brooding over” much like a hen broods over her eggs until they hatch. This fits with the Holy Spirit’s role in causing the impregnation of Mary that lead to the earthly birth of Jesus. The role of the Holy Spirit in creation as well as in our Christian life is to nurture until we are ready to hatch. God is always the same and never changes, the work the Holy Spirit does in the creation is the same as is done to each follower of God.

3 And God said, “Let there be light,” and there was light.

-Creation was not done by hands, but by words. God spoke, then it happened. This is how God always does things, through words. We will see through the entire bible God speaking and then something is created and given order. We are told in John 1 that in the beginning was the word and the word was with God and the word was God. Jesus is the word and the role of the Son in creation is to be those words spoken that created the world. Jesus claimed to have created all things and I don’t think He just said that because He was also God but also too because His role in creation was the literal physical creation of the universe as being the word sent out from the mouth of God. Jesus’ ministry on Earth was to be the word of God doing what He was told to do. The Son is always sent out and has no will of His own no more than a voice from our mouths can defy what we intend to say. Jesus is the voice of God. This is what every Christian must seek to be transformed into, the voice of God, straight from the mouth to those who need to hear.

4 And God saw that the light was good. And God separated the light from the darkness.

-Here we see a major characteristic of God that is often overlooked, He is the God of “order”. We see an empty and dark chaotic void and out of that, God creates order and separates the dark from the light. He still does this to this day, separating the dark from the light in our lives if we only allow Him.

5 God called the light Day, and the darkness he called Night. And there was evening and there was morning, the first day.

-Note that evening comes first, then morning. This is a biblical day. A day does not begin in the morning even though that’s what we have been accustomed to in our culture.

6 And God said, “Let there be an expanse in the midst of the waters, and let it separate the waters from the waters.”

-Interesting that there is waters in the sky. Is this just describing how clouds have water? But it did not rain before Noah. Therefore the atmosphere must have had literal water in the sky that would have effected the health of all living beings in a positive way causing us to live longer, for reptiles to grow larger, and the decay rates of elements would not have been the same. This explains why Carbon dating puts Earth and the Universe at being billions of years old rather than a few thousand as the bible tends to suggest. Earth itself fundamentally changed at one point from its original creation.

7 And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it was so.

-God is separating the ocean from the sky and the expanse is, well, the air. It sounds to me as if the Earth really was flat until this happened which gave Earth it’s globe shape. We see everything in nature is ultimately a perfect sphere, right down to the atom, or even the nucleus of an atom. I believe a sphere symbolizes the order of God.

8 And God called the expanse Heaven. And there was evening and there was morning, the second day.

-Heaven here does not refer to the afterlife Heaven but simply the sky. Heaven was created in verse 1. We are given no time frame as to when and how soon before our world it was created probably because there was no time. Time itself is a concept invented for our physical universe and does not exist in heaven, hence how heaven can be eternal. Time doesn’t go on forever, there simply isn’t a such thing as time in heaven. In fact, time is invented in verse 5.

9 And God said, “Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and let the dry land appear.” And it was so. 10 God called the dry land Earth, and the waters that were gathered together he called Seas. And God saw that it was good.

-The ocean is beautiful isn’t it? It’s hard to imagine but the ocean itself is chaotic and unordered. We are given a description of the new Earth in the book of Revelation as being a place where there are only rivers and not vast oceans. God considers this “good”. There is reason to believe that there were no oceans before the flood and that the water in the sky all came down with the flood and that created oceans, giving us a hybrid ordered an unordered world. We are told throughout the bible that the Earth is groaning in birth pangs, implying that it is not yet done. Earth’s creation still isn’t complete and as originally intended because of sin. The oceans existing is one example of this.

11 And God said, “Let the earth sprout vegetation, plants yielding seed, and fruit trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind, on the earth.” And it was so. 12 The earth brought forth vegetation, plants yielding seed according to their own kinds, and trees bearing fruit in which is their seed, each according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 13 And there was evening and there was morning, the third day.

-“according to its kind” is repeated many times in Genesis 1. I almost feel like this was God anticipating the theory of evolution and was emphasizing that there was not one proto-plant that all plants come from but that each species of vegetation was created as its own kind. This is orderly. Trees cannot turn into bushes. Apples cannot turn into Venus fly traps (Although that would be kind of awesome). The potential to do so would truly be chaotic.

14 And God said, “Let there be lights in the expanse of the heavens to separate the day from the night. And let them be for signs and for seasons, and for days and years, 15 and let them be lights in the expanse of the heavens to give light upon the earth.” And it was so. 16 And God made the two great lights—the greater light to rule the day and the lesser light to rule the night—and the stars. 17 And God set them in the expanse of the heavens to give light on the earth, 18 to rule over the day and over the night, and to separate the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 And there was evening and there was morning, the fourth day.

-Here we see, the creation of the concept of time. It was created here, that is why it does not exist in heaven and why God is not beholden to it.

20 And God said, “Let the waters swarm with swarms of living creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the expanse of the heavens.” 21 So God created the great sea creatures and every living creature that moves, with which the waters swarm, according to their kinds, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

-Well the evolutionists are right about something, sea creatures did come first before land creatures. No only that but vegetation and micro-organisms came before that. Interesting that science has shown that the order of creation which may appear on the outside to be random just so happens to be the order that science has determined that individual forms of life appeared. This is no coincidence. If the bible were written by a man then it makes sense he would start with man before the other forms of life or would order events from biggest to smallest. But this is not so. How can you have vegetation before planets and stars? The order of creation can only have come from God.

22 And God blessed them, saying, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 And there was evening and there was morning, the fifth day.

-God creates life. It fits that what he creates is something that can replicate and create more life. We as Christians are supposed to replicate, spreading the Gospel and creating new life, eternal life. This has always been the work of God going back to creation.

24 And God said, “Let the earth bring forth living creatures according to their kinds—livestock and creeping things and beasts of the earth according to their kinds.” And it was so. 25 And God made the beasts of the earth according to their kinds and the livestock according to their kinds, and everything that creeps on the ground according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

-There’s that “according to their kind” again. Why is that there so many times? Why couldn’t it simply say “then God made each type of animal” and leave it at that? What is that necessary. I feel like the creation account was written specifically for evolutionists 5000 years ahead of time. Anyone who accepts the view that many both creationism and evolution are true and maybe evolution is how God “did it” have a lot to answer for here. Here created them on this day according to their kind. Not over thousands of years, but on this one day clearly spelled out as being evening and morning, one day. Notice how it emphasizes “one day” each time as well. There is no excuse but willful rebellion not to accept the creation account as written.

26 Then God said, “Let us make man in our image, after our likeness. And let them have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over the livestock and over all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.”

-What’s this “our image”. Isn’t God alone? What a mystery this must have been to the Hebrews in the wilderness reading this for the first time. Not only that, but the Hebrew word for God is “Elohim” which is a plural word. God is described as more than one person in His very name. God is not talking about the angels and other created beings in heaven when he says “our” and “us”. We are not like the Angels, or Cherubim, or anything else. But we are like God in that we have a body, mind, and soul and we are able to do the work of God and be His “voice”. The pluralness refers to the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit. Everything good reflects the divine order of God and we are no exception.

27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them.

-Hear that chauvinists? Both male and female are equally created in God’s image. They both reflect God. In terms of value and worth, man and woman are completely equal.

28 And God blessed them. And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.”

-The words “subdue” and “have dominion” are the Hebrew words “Kevesh” and “radah” respectively. Kevesh does mean to control and have dominion over but the word radah has a deeper meaning of ruling in the sense of a benevolent ruler coming down and being amongst His subjects. God descended down to be among us and we are commanded to do the same with His creation. So we are not being told to use up every resource and have total disregard towards animals. Yes we have a right to kill animals and cut down some trees, but there implies a certain responsibility and stewardship for our environment, not tyranny. We reflect the image of God when we act as conservationists, otherwise we reflect the image of a virus and consume everything unrepentantly.

29 And God said, “Behold, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food.30 And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, everything that has the breath of life, I have given every green plant for food.” And it was so.

-Note here that we are told to eat plants, not animals. I’m not saying we all should be vegetarians right now, but this is how things were created. Just like how we have oceans now even though they aren’t how things were originally created to be, we also eat meat now. We are not sinning no more than it is a sin that oceans exist, but it does reflect the corruption of sin. It is a result of what sin has done to the world. We will go back to eating all vegetation in the new earth just as how creation was originally intended.

31 And God saw everything that he had made, and behold, it was very good. And there was evening and there was morning, the sixth day.

-Everything that is created is good. So that includes even drugs and alcohol. No substance itself is evil but rather it’s what we do with it. We sin when we abuse these substances. To blame the substances as an evil is to deny responsibility for one’s actions.

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Spanish words:

Vacía = void, empty
tinieblas = dark, shadow, confusion, ignorance
juntar = to bring together, put together, collect
descubrir = to discover, invent, reveal, uncover
seco = dry
género = gender, type, kind
lumbrera = genius, light
señalar = to show, point out, mark
alumbrar = to light up, give birth
llenar = to fill
señorer = to control, rule
arrastrar = to drag, sweep, brush
sojuzgar = to subdue, conquer, subjugate